Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 790
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YEN    790    YOR

Yarmouth, ph. Barnstable Co. Mass. on Cape
Cod 70 m. S. E. Boston, with large manufac-
tures of salt. Pop. 2,251.

Yaruqui, a village of Peru, near a plain of the
same name, 12 m. N. E. of Quito. This plain
was chosen for the base of the operations for
measuring an arc of the meridian, by Ulloa and
the French mathematicians.

Yates, a county of New York. Pop. 19,019.
Penn Yann is the capital; p.v. Genesee Co.
N. Y.

Yaynan-gheoum, a town of Birmah, celebrated
for the oil wells in its neighbourhood, which sup-
ply the whole empire, and many parts of India,
with petroleum. The inhabitants are employed
in making jars to contain the oil. It stands on a
creek of the Irrawaddy, 28 m. S. by E. of Shil-

Yazoo, a river of Mississippi, 200 m. in length
flowing into the Mississippi.

Yazoo, a county of Mississippi. Pop. 7,550 Ben-
ton is the capital.

Yea, a town of Peru, in Lima, with a trade in
glass, wine, brandy, &c. It is seated in a valley
watered by a river, 50 m. E. S. E. of Pisco and
170 S. S. E. of Lima.

Yell, one of the Shetland Islands, to the N. of
that called Mainland. It is 20 m. long and 8
broad and has several good harbours.

Yellow River. See Hoan-ho.

Yellow Sea, or Leao-tong, a gulf of China, be-
tween the provinces of Pe-tche-li and Chang-
tong on the W., and the peninsula of Corea on
the E.

Yellow Springs, p.v. Chester Co. Pa; p.v. Hunt-
ingdon Co. Pa; p.v. Green Co. Ohio.

Yellowstone, a branch of the Missouri. It rises
in the Rocky Mountains, and joins the Missouri
after a course of about 1,000 m.

Yellow water, a river flowing into Pensacola Bay
in Florida, 70 m. in length.

Yemen, a province of Arabia Felix, comprehend-
ing the finest and most fertile part of Arabia, and
lying on the coast of the Red Sea and Indian
Ocean. Millet is the grain chiefly cultivated;
but the principal object of cultivation is coffee,
which is all carried to Beit el Faki. Nearly the
whole commerce of the country is carried on by
Macha, but Sana is the capital.

Yenikal, an important fortress ofthe Crimea, 8'
m. E. of Kertch. See

Yenisei, or Jenisa, a large river of Siberia,
which runs from S. to N., and enters the Frozen
Ocean to the E. of the bay of Oby.

Yeniseisk, 6r Jeniskoi, a town of Russia, in the
government of Tomsk, on the river Yenisei, 310
in. N. N. E. of Tomsk. Long. 92. 35. E., lat. 58.

6. N.

Yenne, a town of the Sardinian states, in Sa-
voy, near the Rhone, 13 m. N. W. of Cham-

Yen-ngan, a city of China, of the first rank, in
Chen-si, on the river Yen, 390 m. S. W. of Pekin.
Long. 108. 50. E., lat. 36. 44. N.

Yen-pvng, a city of China, of the first rank, in
Fokien; seated on the brow of a mountain by
the river Minho, 820 m. S. of Pekin. Long. 116.
54. E., lat. 26.40. N.

Yen-ccheou a city of China, of the first rank in
Chang-tong, situate in a well cultivated district
which is enclosed between two considerable rivers.
270 m. S. of Pekin.

Yen-tcheou, a city of China, of the first rank, in
Tche-kiang. In the neighbourhood are mines of
copper, and trees that yield an excellent varnish,
which when once dry, never melts again, and will
bear boiling water. The paper made here is in
high esteem. 650 m. S. S. E. of Pekin. Long.119
14. E., lat. 29. 38. N.

Yen-tchmg, a town of China, in Chang-tong
where a kind of glass is made, so delicate that i
will not endure the inclemencies of the air. 45
m. S. E. of Tsi-nan.

Yeovil, a corporate town of Somersetshire, Eng
122 m. W. by S. of London.

Yesd, a town of Persia, in the province of lrac
on the road from Kerman, to Ispahan. It has a
silk manufacture , and here are made the finest
porcelain and carpets. 200 m. E. S. E. of Ispahan.
Long. 56. 50. E.,”lat. 32. 0. N.

Ylo, a sea-port of Peru, in Los Charcos, 70 m.
N. N. W. of Arica. Long. 71. 13. W., lat. 17
36. S.

Yonguesville, p.v. Fairfield Dis. S. C. 42 m. N.

Yonkers, ph. Westchester Co. N. Y. 11 m. N
New York. Pop. 1,761.

Yonne, a department of France, containing
part of i the* "former provinces of Burgundy
and Champagne, and comprising an area
of 2,900 square miles, with 350,000 inhabi-
tants. The climate is temperate, and the soil
fertile in corn, hemp, flax, wine, and fruits. It
receives its name from a river which rises in the
department of Nievre, flows by Chateau-Chinon,
Clameci, Auxerre, Joigny, and Sens, and joins
the Seine at Montereau. Auxerre is the capital.

York, a city, tbe capital of Yorkshire, Eng. and
an archbishop’s see. It is the Eboracum of the
Romans, and many of their coffins, urns, coins,
&c., have been found here. It has always been
considered as the capital of the North, and, in
point of rank, as the second city in the kingdom ;
but is now surpassed in wealth and populousness
by many of ihe more modern trading towns.
York contains about 20,000 inhabitants. The
cathedral of St. Peter, generally called the Min-
ster, is reckoned the largest and most magnifi-
cent Gothic structure in the universe. The E.
window, which is said hardly to have its equal
for tracery, painting, and preservation, was the
work of John Thornton, a glazier, of Conventry,
in 1405. This beautiful edifice sustained consid-
erable injury from fire, occasioned by a frantic in-
cendiary, in 1829, but it is expected that the
munificence of the county will soon restore it to
its original splendor. Besides the cathedral,
York contains but 20 churches in use, though in
the reign of Henry V. it had 44 parish churches,
17 chapels, and nine religious houses. Here are
also a number of meeting houses for dissenters
and Catholics. The city is divided by- the Ouse
into two parts, united by a stone bridge of five
arches, the centre one 81 feet wide. The river is
navigable to this city for vessels of 70 tons bur-
den, although it is 60 miles from the sea. The
castle is a noble structure, and was formerly a
place of great strength, but is now used as a coun-
ty prison. Near it, on an artificial mount, is Clif-
ford’s Tower, a round shell said by some to have
been "raised by William the Conqueror, but oth-
ers deem it a Roman work. It was used as a
garrison in the civil wars, and till the year 1683,
when the magazine blowing up reduced it to
its present form. York is a county of itself, gov
erned by a lord mayor ; the prefix of lord being
given by Richard II.; and its county includes
Ainsty Liberty, in which are 35 villages and


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