factures of silk, linen, lace, cotton, thread, &c.,
and the canal of Bosingen, and the New Cut,
greatly expedite the conveyance of goods to Nein-
port, Ostend, and Bruges. Ypres was taken by
the French in 1794, and retained till the downfall
of Napoleon. It is seated on the Yperlee, 15 m.
W. of Courtray. Long. 2.48. E., lat. 50. 51. N.
Yriex, St., a town of France, department of
Upper V-ienne, 20 m. S. by W. of Limoges.
Ysendyk, a strong town of the Netherlands, in
the isle of Calsand, 8 m. E. of Sluys and 18 N.
W. of Ghent.
Yssel, or Issel, a river of the Netherlands, which
branches off from the Rhine below Huessen, and
flowing by Doesburg, Zutphen, Deventer, and
Campen, enters the Zuyder Zee by two channels.
Yssel, or Little Issel, a river of the Netherlands,
which flows by Ysselstein, Montford, Oudewater,
and Gouda, and enters the Merwe above Rotter-
Yssel, or Old Issel, a river which rises in West-
phalia, in the duchy of Cleve, flows by Ysselburg
into the county of Zutphen, and enters the Yssel
Ysselmond, an island of the Netherlands, in S.
Holland, situate between ihe Merwe on the N.
and another branch of the Meuse on the S. It
has a town of the same name, nearly 3 m. W. of
Ysselstein, a town of the Netherlands, in S.
Holland, with a castle on the river Yssel, 5 m. S.
S. W. of Utrecht.
Ystadt, or Ydstzd, a town of Sweden, in the
province of Schonen on a bay of the Baltic, op-
posite Stralsund, 26 m. S. E. of Lund. Long. 13.
44. E., lat. 55. 22. N.
Ythan, a river of Scotland, in Aberdeenshire,
which crosses the county in a S. E. direction, and
enters the German Ocean at the village of New-
burg, 15 m. N. N. E. of Aberdeen.
Yucatan, a peninsula of Mexico, in the province
of Merida, bounded N. W. by the waters of the
Mexican gulf, S. E. by the bay of Honduras, S.
W. by Vera Cruz, and S. by Vera Paz.
Yuen-kiang, a city of China, of the first rank,
in the province of Yun-nan, on the river Ho ti,
145 m. S. S. W. of Yun-nan. Long. 101. 44. E.,
lat. 47. 50.
Yuen-tcheou, a city of China, of the first rank,
in Kiang-si, 750 m. S. of Pekin. Long. 113. 58.
E., lat. 27.50. N.
Yuen-yang, a city of China, of the first rank,
in Hou-quang, on the river Han, 515 m. S. S. W.
of Pekin. Long. 100. 30. E., lat. 32. 50. N.
Yuma, Long Island, one of the Bahama islands,
in the W. Indies, lying to the N. of the E. end
of Cuba, and its W part under the tropic of Can-
cer. It is 70 m. in length and 10 in breadth.
Yumetos, a cluster of small islands, among the
Bahamas, lying to the S. W. of Yuma. *
Yung-ning, a city of China, of the first rank,
at the N. extremity of the province of Yun-nan,
on the borders of Thibet,230 m. N. N. W. of Yun
nan. Long. 100. 24. E., lat. 27. 50 N.
Yung-pe, a city of China, of the first rank, in
the province of Yun-nan, 170 m. N. W. of Yun
nan. Long. 100. 34. E., lat. 26. 44. N.
Yung-pmg, a city of China, of the first rank, in
Pe-tche-li, on a river thatenters the gulf ofLeao-
tong. Near it stands the fort Chun-hai, which is
the key of the province of Leao-tong. 115 m. E.
of Pekin. Long. 108. 34. E., lat. 39. 55. N.
Yung-tchung, a city of China, of the first rank,
in the province of Yun-nan. The neighbouring
country produces gold, honey, wax, amber, and a
vast quantity of fine silk. 210 m. W. of Yun-nan.
Long. 99. 2. E., lat. 25. 5. N.
Yung-telieou, a city of China, of the first rank,
in Hou quang, 885 m. S. S. W. of Pekin. Lone*
111.15. E., lat. 26. 10. N.
Yun-hing, a city of China, of the first rank, in
the province of Ho-nan. 43C m. S. of Pekin.
Long. 113. 52. E., lat. 33. 0. N.
Yun-nan, a province of China, at the S. W. ex
tremity, 300 m. long and 250 broad ; bounded on
the N. by Thibet and Se-tcheuen, E. by Koei-
tcheou and Quang-si, S. by Tonquin and Laos,
and W. by Pegu and Birmah. It is mountainous,
but the soil in general is fertile, and it is reckon-
ed the richest province in China, from its produc
tive mines of gold, copper, and tin,xe2x80x94its amber,
rubies, sapphires, agates, pearls, and marble,xe2x80x94
its musk, silk, elephants, horses, gums, medicinal
plants, and linen. 21 cities of the first rank, and
55 of the second and third are included in this
province, and the number of inhabitants is esti-
mated at upwards of 8,000,000.
Yun-nan a city of China, capital of the fore-
going province, formerly celebrated for its extent
its magnificent buildings, vast gardens, tombs,
triumphal arches, and elegant squares; but it has
suffered greatly from the Tartars, in their dif-
ferent invasions, and the city at present contains
nothing remarkable. It stands at the N. extrem-
ity of a lake, 1,260 m. S. S. W. of Pekin. Long.
102. 30. E., lat. 25. 6 N.
Yurcup, a town of Asiatic Turkey, in Cara-
mania, on the Kizil-ermuk, 125 m. N. E. of Cogni.
Long. 34. 30. E., lat 39. 40. N.
Ycerdun, a strong town of Switzerland, in the
Pays de Vaud, capital of a bailiwic of its name,
with a castle, a college, and an hospital. Near
the towp is a sulphurous spring, with a comrno
dious bathing-house. The principal, trade is in
wine, and merchandise passing between Germany,
Italy, and France. It has some remains of Ro-
man antiquities, and stands on the lake of Neuf-
chatel, at the influx of the Orbe and Thiele, 38
m. W. S. VV. of Bern. Long. 6. 59. E., lat. 46.
Yvetot, a town ofFrance, department of Lower
Seine, 7 m. N. N. W. of Caudebec.
Yvry, a town of France, department of Eure,
on the river Eure, 16 m. S. of Evreux.