Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 29
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'small) joiners’ planes, stoves, steel
hammers, pistols, and
bowie knives.
Total annual amount of manufac-
tures, about. $200,000. See

Amity, Me.

Washington co. Township No.
10, first range of townships from the
east line of the state,—about 100
miles N. E. from Bangor. Incor-
porated 1836. Population, 1837,
130. This town has fine soil for

Amonoosuck Rivers, I. H.

Upper and Lower. The Upper
Amonoosuck rises in the ungranted
lands north of the White Mountains,
and passing N. E. into Dummer,
approaches to within a few miles of
the Androscoggin; ■ thence turn-
ing abruptly to the S. W. it pursues
/that direction and falls into Connec-
ticut river near the centre of North-
umberland. Its whole length is
about 50 miles. The valley of tbe
Upper Amonoosuck ijr* or 8 miles
in breadth, and more than 20 in
length : it is scooped out with great
beauty, the surface gently rising to
the summits of the mountains on
the N. The Lower Amonoosuck
rises on the W. side of the White
Mountains, and after running a
course of 50 miles, falls into the
Connecticut just above Haverhill,
by a mouth 100 yards wide. At
the distance of two miles from its
mouth, it receives the Wild Amo-
noosuck, a stream 40 yards wide,
and, when raised by fresbets, very
swift and furious in its course.
The waters of the Amonoosuck
are pure, and its bed clean; the
current lively, and in some places
rapid. The valley of the Lower
Amonoosuck is about half a mile
in width, and was probably once
the bed of a lake, its S. W. limit
being the rise of ground at its foot,
over which the waters descended
in their course to the Connecticut.
There is a fine fall in this river about
6 1-2 miles from the Notch of the
White Mountains, where the de-
scent is 50 feet, cut through a mass
of stratified granite.

Amoskeag Falls & Village, N. II.

These falls are in the Merrimack
river; between Goffstown on the
W. and Manchester on the E. The
whole fall of the river, within the
distance of half a mile, is 54 feet,
producing a great hydraulic pow-
er. A company, with a large cap-
ital, have commenced forming ca-
nals and erecting buildings for man-
ufacturing purposes on a very ex-
tensive scale. Their plan provides
for 37 mills, each containing 6000
spindles. Two canals, 2 factories,
a number of dwelling houses, ma-
chine shops, &c. are now nearly
completed. The canals are each a
mile in length, and will, when com-
pleted, be equal to any works of the
kind in our country. The
is in Goffstown, 16 miles below Con-
cord and 18 miles above Nashua;
delightfully situated on the banks
of these majestic falls. Amoskeag
is already a place of considerable
business, and must eventually be-
come the mart of large manufac-
turing operations. The vicinity of
these falls was much frequented by
the Indians. The Sachem Wono-
lanset resided here. The tribe un-
der him was sometimes molested by
tbe Mohawks, who carried terror
to the hearts of ajl the eastern In-
dians. In time of war between
these hostile tribes, the Indians liv-
ing in the neighborhood of the falls,
concealed their provisions in the
large cavities of the rocks on the
island in the middle of the upper
part of the fall. They entertained
an idea that their deity had cut out
these cavities for that purpose.

Andover, Me.

Oxford co. This town was incor-
porated in 1804. Population, 1837,
551. It lies about 30 miles N. W.
from Paris, 61 W. N. W. from Au-


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