Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 32
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duces the best of wheat. It lies
89 miles N. E. from Augusta.'—
Population, 1830,326 ; in 1837,601.

Arlington, Vt.

B.ennington co. This town was
first settled in 1763. The time of
its organization is not known, as one
Bisco, a tory, the town clerk in
1777, destroyed the records1. It is
finely watered by Green river, Mill
and Warm brooks, and Roaring
branch which fall into the Batten-
kill, at the north part of the town.
These streams afford excellent mill
sites, and on their banks are large
bodies of superipr meadow land.
West and Red mountains extend
through the west part of the town
and supply a great variety of good
timber. Excellent marble is found
here;—considerable quantities of
which are wrought and transported.
Here is a medicinal spring, and a
cavern of large, dimensions. The
spring is not of much note, but the
cavern is a great curiosity. This
is a flourishing town in both its ag-
ricultural and manufacturing pur-
suits. The number of sheep in
this town in 1836, was 10,077. It
lies 15 miles N. from Bennington,
106 S. W. from Montpelier, and 40
N. E. from Trov, N. Y. Popula-
tion, 1830, 1,209.

Aroostook River.

This river rises in the interior
part of Penobscot county, Me., and
after traversing more than 100 miles,
and receiving many and powerful
tributaries in that state, it falls into
the river St. Johns in New Brunsr
wick. The lands on this river and
its branches are very fertile, and are
said to be equal to the celebrated
Genesee lands for the culture of

Ascntney Mountain, Vt.

This mountain is situated in the
towns of Windsor and Weathers-
field. * It is 3,116 feet above the
Connecticut river, at Windsor; and
3,320 feet- above the level of the
sea. It consists of granite and is
nearly destitute of vegetable cov-
ering. From Windsor, to the base,
is 4 miles. Its ascent is generally
steep, but travellers who delight
to view rich and variegated scene-
ry, will be amply rewarded for the
toil of a pilgrimage to its summit.

Ashburnham, Mass.

Worcester co. This township
was granted to Thomas Tileston and
others of Dorchester, for services
in an expedition against Canada, in
the year 1690. For many years it
was called “ Dorchester Canada.”
It was incorporated as a town in
1765. Ashburnham lies on the
height of land between the Con-
necticut and Merrimack rivers. It
is watered by large ponds which
furnish good mill seats. Its manu-
factures consist of cotton goods,
boots, shoes, leather, chairs, cabin-
et ware, fur and palm-leaf hats; the
annual value of which is about
$100,000. This town is 30 miles
N. from Worcester, 50 N. W. from
Boston, and 35 W. from Lowell.
Population, 1837, 1,758.

Ashby, Mass.

This is a pleasant town, in the
county of Middlesex, on the line of
N. H. It is 25 miles N. W. from
Concord, 42 W. N. W. from Boston
and 8 S. E. from New Ipswich, N.

H. Population, 1837, 1,201. It has
some manufactures of palm-leaf hats
boots, shoes, chairs, wooden ware,
and curled hair.

Ashfleld, Mass.

Franklin co. This town was first
settled in 1754, and, until its incor-
poration, in 1764, it was called
Huntstown. Population, 1837,—

I,656. This town is on elevated land
between Deerfield and Westfield
rivers, to each of which it sends a
small tributary. It has small man-
ufactures of leather, scythe snaiths,
spirits and essences, and about


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