Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 55
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County of Suffolk. The ancient city of Boston, the capital of Mas-
sachusetts, and of New England, and the birth place of American Free-
dom, is naturally divided.into three sections
—Old Boston, South Boston,
and East Boston, situated at the western extremity of Massachusetts
Bay. The peninsula on which Old Boston is built, extends from Roxbu-
ry, on the south, to Winnesimet Ferry, on the north, and is nearly sur-
rounded by the waters of Boston harbor on the east, and Charles river
on the north and west. Its length is nearly three miles, and its average
breadth about one mile. It originally contained about 700 acres, but its
territory has been greatly extended, by filling up around its borders. ^ts
surface is quite uneven. It has numerous eminenTces, rising from 50 to
110 feet above the sea, affording admirable sites for building, and giving
to it a peculiarly romantic appearance. It is in north Lat. 42° 21' 23"
and west Lon. 71° 4' 9". It lies 163 miles S. S. W. from Augusta, Me.;
63 S. S. E. from Concord, N. H.; 160 S. E. by S. from Montpelier, Vt.;
158 E. (19' S.) from Albany, N. Y.; 40 N. N. E. from Providence, R. I.;
97 E. N. E. from Hartford, Ct.; 207 N. E. by E. from New York, and
432 miles N. E. by E. from Washington. Its Indian name was
mut. It was called by the first settlers Tramaunt, Tremont, or Tri-
from three hills nearly in its centre. It took its present name
on the 7th of Sept., 1630, in honor of the Rev. John Cotton, second min-
ister of the first church, who came from Boston, in England. The orig-
inal proprietor of this territory was
John Blackstone, who, soon after its
settlement by Winthrop and others, removed to Rhode Island. Boston
was incorporated as a city, February 23, 1822.

South Boston*

This part of Boston was set off from Dorchester, by legislative enact-
ment, March the 6th, 1804. It is hounded south by Dorchester Bay,
and spreads about two miles on the south side of the harbor, above the
forts. It contains about 600 acres, and is laid out into regular streets and
squares. The surface of this part of Boston is exceedingly picturesque.
In about the centre of this traet, and about two miles from the City Hall,
the memorable “Dorchester Heights” rear their heads 130 feet above
the sea, from which is presented a splendid view of Boston, its harbor,
and the surrounding country. It is connected with Old Boston by two
bridges. This part of Boston is rapidly increasing in population and
wealth. The
Washington House, near the “ Heights,” is a noble
building, and a delightful residence


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