Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 90
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yields their temporal support; and
what they become possessed of
more than is necessary to their
wants, they devote to charitable
purposes, agreeably to their church
covenant. It should be mentioned
as a practice highly creditable
to this sect, that the members
of their societies never make use
of ardent spirits, except in cases of
sickness, being aware of the evils
intemperance brings upon society.
Another practice not unworthy of
imitation is, they refuse to be trust-
ed even in the smallest sum. They
transact their secular concerns with
great hprightness; and though they
may have suffered reproach from
their singularity of life and man-
ners,they have become a proverb for
industry, justice and benevolence.

For a particular account of the re-
ligious tenets of this singular peo-
ple, see
Religious Creeds and Sta-

Canterbury, Ct.

Windham co. The first settlers
of this town were principally from
Dorchester, Mass. and its neighbor-
hood. They came here about the
year 1690. The soil of the town is
a gravelly loam, generally fertile
and productive. it lies 40 miles
E. by S. from Hartford, and 6 S.
from Brooklyn. Population, 1830,
1,881. The Quinnebaug is here
a large and beautiful stream. It
annually overflows its banks, and
fertilizes a large tract upon its bor-
ders. There is fine fishing in Bates5"
pond. Considerable excitement
manifested itself in this town, in
1832, in consequence of a Miss
Crandall proposing to open a school
for the instruction of “ Young la-
dies and little misses of color.”—
Although no one seemed to question
the purity of Miss Crandall’s mo-
tives, yet the people doubted the
expediency of the measure.

Canton, Me.

Oxford co. Incorporated, 1821.

----  ,--  .J

Population, 1837, 827. It lies on
both sides of the Androscoggin riv-
er, 32 miles W. N. W. from Au-
gusta, and 24 N. E. from Paris.
Canton produced, in 1837, 3,114
bushels of wheat.

Canton, Mass.

Norfolk co. Neponset river and
several large ponds give this town
a great water power. It lies 15
miles S. W. from Boston, and 5 S.
by E. from Dedham. Incorporated,
1797. Population, 1830, 1,517;
1837, 2,185. The manufactures of
Canton the year ending 1st of
April, 1837, amounted to $695,-
180. They consisted of cotton and
woolen goods, shoes, palm-leaf hats,
copper, wicking, thread, candle-
sticks, hoes, iron castings, trying
squares, and “ shapes.” The bells
manufactured at this place are of
superior metal and sound. This
place is easily approached from the
capital by the Boston and Provi-
dence rail-road. The viaduct, or
bridge, on that road at this place,
cost the company about $80,000.
It is of massive hewn granite, 600
feet in length; 63 feet above the
foundation, on 6 arches, with a suc-
cession of arches at top. It is an
admirable piece of workmanship.

Canton, Ct.

Hartford co. First settled, 1740.
Incorporated, 1S06. Population,
1830, 1,437.
Collinsville is the
principal village in the town, at
which a large amount of axes, of a
superior quality, are annually made.
It lies 16 miles N. W. by W. from
Hartford, and 16 N. E. from Litch-
field. This village presents a beau-
tiful appearance, and is a noble
specimen of individual enterprize.
The soil of Canton is coarse and
stony, and the surface hilly. Farm-
ington river passes through its S.
TV', corner.

Carlisle, Mass.

Middlesex co. This town lies


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