Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 98
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Chatham, Ct.

Middlesex co. The township of
Chatham embraces Chatham par-
ish, (formerly East Middletown,)
the greater part of Middle Haddam
parish, the parish of East Hampton
and a part of the parish of West
Chester. It lies 16 miles S. from
Hartford, and opposite to Middle-
town, from which it was taken in
1767. Population, 1830, 3,646*.
Chatham is watered by Salmon and
Pine brooks and several ponds.—
Job's pond, abbut 2 miles in cir-
cumference, has no outlet. It rises
and falls about 15 feet. It rises for
six or twelve months, and then falls
about the same period. It is high-
est in the driest season of the year,
and lowest when there is most rain.
It is from 40 to 60 feet deep. Chat-
ham is noted for its valuable quar-
ries of freestone. “ For forty years
past it has been extensively improv-
ed, and the stone, to the depth of
thirty feet from the surface, are now
removed over an area of an acre
and a half, back from the river.
The stone in this quarry is covered
in some places with four or five
feet of earth, and in others with
four or five feet more of shelly rock.
It is not perfectly solid, but lies in
blocks, eight or ten feet thick, and
fifty and sixty feet long. The seams
and joints facilitate the process of
removing these from their beds;
and when removed, they are reduc-
ed by the wedge and chisel to any
size or form which is wished. In
this quarry thirty hands have been
employed for several years, eight
months in the year, and from four
to six teams. The quantity of stone
prepared for market, and sold to the
inhabitants of this and the neigh-
boring towns, and exported to dis-
tant parts of the country, has been
very great; and has yielded a hand-
some profit. Fifty rods south of
this quarry an opening was made
about 1783, now spreading over
half an acre. Here the stone is

covered with ab&ut ten feet of
earth. In this opening as many as    !

twelve hands have been sometimes
employed. Vessels come to this
and the above quarry, and load from
the bank. The bed of stone in
which these and the smaller open-
ings in the neighborhood have been
made is immense, and lies at differ-
ent depths from the surface in dif-
ferent places. It has been discov-
ered in sinking wells, for half a
mile in northern and southern di-
rections, and has been opened at a
greater distance eastward. Where-
ever found, the stone possesses the    

same general properties, but varies,
like the freestone in Middletown,    

in the fineness of its texture.”

Chelmsford, Mass.

Middlesex co. On the south side
of Merrimack river, and connect-
ed with Dracut by a bridge.—

First settled, 1753. Incorporated,

1655. Population, 1837, 1,613. It
lies 25 miles N. W. from Boston
and 4 S. W. from.Lowell. Chelms-
ford abounds in limestone and gran-
ite ; considerable of the latter is
transported to Boston by the Mid-
dlesex canal, which passes through
the town. The manufactures of
this town, during the year ending    ;

April 1, 1837, amounted to about
100,000;—principally of glass and

Chelsea, Vt.

County town of Orange county.

First settled, 1785. Chelsea is a
township of good land, with a pleas-
ant village in the centre. It is wa-
tered by the head branches of White
river and has a good hydraulic pow-
er. Its manufactures consist of    

cassimere, satinet, leather, iron, &c.    .    I

Chelsea produces all the various    ;

commodities common to the climate,    \

and feeds, about 6,000 sheep. It lies    5

20 miles S. by E. from Montpelier.    j

Population, 1830, 1,958.

I    I    .11.    I    I    B&i     .-


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