Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 99
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Chelsea, Mass.

Suffolk co. This town was for-
merly a ward of Boston. Incor-
porated, 1738. Population, 1837,
1,659. The centre of the town lies
from Boston about 3 miles N. E.,
across Charles river, and 3 miles
E. of Charlestown. Tha^fanufac-
tures of Chelsea consist of uphol-
stery, stone ware, snuff, segars,
wood and copper engravings, car-
riages, bricks, vessels,' salt, boots,
shoes, &c.;—annual value, about

The United States Marine Hos-
in this town, is on a large plot
of ground, in a delightful and airy
situation, and affords a comfortable
retreat for sick and disabled seamen.
Point Shirley, extending southeast-
erly,forms the northern part of Bos-
ton harbor. Winnesimet Ferry,lead-
ing from the foot of Hanover street,
in Boston, to this town,M's probably
the oldest establishment of the kind
in America. The first grant was
given to Thomas Williams, in 1631.
The distance across Charles river is
about a mile and a half. Neat and
commodious steam-boats are con-
tinually running across this delight-
ful stream, making the
of the Indians the Hoboken of

Cherry field, Me.

Washington co. At the head of
tide water, on both sides of Narra-
guagus river, with a handsome vil-
lage, and considerable trade. Incor-
porated, 1815. Population, 1837,

1,000.    116    miles E. by N. from

Augusta, and about 35 W. from

Cheshire County, N. H.

Cheshire is one of the western
counties in this state. Its length
is 31 miles: its greatest breadth 26
miles: and its least breadth 15. It
is bounded N. by the county of
Sullivan, E. by Hillsborough coun-
ty, S. by the state of Massachu-
setts, and W. hy Vermont. This
county contains 727 square miles.
Throughout the whole extent on
the west, it is watered by the Con-
necticut, the western bank of which
forms the boundary line between
New Hampshire and Vermont.
Ashuelot river is a considerable
stream, and is tributary to Connec-
ticut river. It has its source from
a pond in Washington, and after re-
ceiving two branches in Keene and
Swanzey, and several smaller
streams in Winchester, empties
into Connecticut river at Hinsdale.
Spafford’s Lake, a beautiful collec-
tion of water, of about
8 miles in
circumference, is situated in Ches-
terfield. There is a pleasant island
in the lake, containing about eight
acres. The Grand Monadnock, in
Dublin and Jaffrey, is the highest
mountain, its attitude having been
repeatedly found to be more than

3,000 feet above the level of the
sea. Bellows’ Falls’ in Connecti-
cut river, at Walpole, have been
regarded as one of the greatest nat-
ural curiosities in this county.

The earliest settlement in this
county was made about the year
1732, at Hinsdale, then a part of
Northfield, and under the govern-
ment of Massachusetts. The coun-
ty was formed March 19, 1771, and
it probably received its name from
Cheshire, one of the western coun-
ties in England. The population
of Cheshire county in 1790, was
19,665, in 1800, 24,288, in 1810,
24,673, in 1820, 26,843, in 1830,
27,016. It has 22 towns39 in-
habitants to a square mile.
the chief town, is nearly in the
centre of the county, and lies in
N. lat. 42° 57'.

Cheshire, Mass.

Berkshire co. Cheshire has ren-
dered itself worthy of its name by
its production of cheese of fine fla-
vor and quality. In 1801, the good
people of this place sent a cheese
i to Mr. Jefferson, weighing about


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