Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 106
Click on the image to view a larger, bitmap (.bmp) image suitable for printing.


Click on the image above for a larger, bitmap image suitable for printing.


year, $91,000. This is a fine graz-
ing township, and produced, in
1837, 16,123 pounds of wool, valu-
ed at $9,133, the fleeces of 5,75-1
sheep. Population, 1S37, 1,998.

Colleges in New England.

See Register.

Columbia, 3Ie.

Washington co. At the head of
tide water, on the W. side of Plea-
sant river. It is a very large town-
ship, well provided with mill seats,
and was settled soon after the rev-
olutionary war. It lies 15 miles W.
from Machias, and 120 E. by N.
from Augusta. Columbia has con-
siderable trade, particularly in lum-
ber. Population, 1837, 793.

Columbia, N. H.,

In the county of Coos, lies on the
E. bank of Connecticut river, 30
miles N. of Lancaster, and 147 N.
of Concord. The surface of the
town is quite uneven, the moun-
tains of Stratford lying along the
S. From these a number of streams
descend north-westerly into the
Connecticut, furnishing many fine
mill seats. There are also several
small ponds in town. On the bor-
ders of one, called Lime pond, vast
quantities of shells are found, from
which a species of lime is made
that answers for some uses. It
was incorporated 1797. Population,
1830, 442.

Columbia, Ct.

Tolland co. Taken from Leba-
non, in 1800. It is 22 miles E. from
Hartford, and about 14 S. by E.
from Tolland. Population, 1830.
962. Columbia is watered by a
branch of the Willimantic, and has
a satinet factory, and other ope-
rations by water. The surface is
uneven; the soil hard and gravelly,
but excellent for grazing. In this
place, about the year 1741, the Rev.
Dr. Eleazar Wheeiock, the first
president of Dartmouth College,
opened a school for the instruction
of Indian youth. He removed his
family and pupils to Hanover, N.
H., in the autumn of 1770. The
snow was very deep, and Hanover
was a wilderness. “ Sometimes
standing in the open air, at the head
of his numerous family, Dr. Whee-
lock presented to God their morn-
ing and evening prayers : the sur-
rounding forests, for the first time,
reverberated the solemn sounds of
supplication and praise.” This good
man died in 1779, aged 69.

Concord, 3Ie.

Somerset co. Incorporated in
1821. Population, 1837, 524. Con-
cord lies on the IV. side of Kenne-
bec river, 55 miles N. from Augus-
ta, and about 20 N. from Norridge-
wcek. This is a good township,
and produced, in 1S37, 3,121 bush-
els of wheat.

Concord, N. H.,

The capitolof the state, and shire
town of the county of Merrimack.
It lies on both sides of the Merri-
mack river, in N. lat. 43° 12' 29",
and W. Ion. 71° 29f; and is 116
miles S. W. from Augusta, Me.;
97 S. E. from Montpelier, Vt.; 153
N. E. from Albany, N. Y.; 65 N.
N. W. from Boston, Mass.; 103 N.
from Providence, R. I. ; 139 N. N.
E. from Hartford, Conn., and 474
N. E. by E. from Washington.
There are five ponds in Concord,
the largest of which are Turkey, in
the S. VV., and Long pond in the
N. W. parts of the town, on the
streams passing from which are
some valuable mills and privileges.
The Contoocook river enters the W.
corner of the town, and uniting
with tbe Merrimack on the N. W.
line, forms at its junction the cel-
Duston’s Island. On the
borders of the Merrimack, which
is the principal river of this region,
are rich intervale lands, highly val-
ued by tbe inhabitants, and well
cultivated. Soon after entering


This page was written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2 and image-to-HTML text generated by ABBYY FineReader 11, Professional Edition.