Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 114
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on its numerous delightful streams ; and foreign commerce, the coasting
trade, and fisheries, enjoy an enviable position on the waters of Long
Island Sound.

Blessed with a salubrious climate and fertile country, the people
of Connecticut probably enjoy as much happiness as is allotted to
any part of the human family. Her population is always full, and although
her domain is not extensive, no Atlantic state has sent so many of her
children, or so large a share of intellectual wealth, to the. western
country, as Connecticut.

If the love of liberty, literature and the arts, of social feeling and
moral worth has an asylum on earth, Connecticut may boast that it is
to be found within her bosom. See

Connecticut River.

This beautiful river, the Quonek-
of the Indians, and the pride
of the Yankees, has it sources in
New Hampshire and the moun-
tainous tracts in Lower Canada. Its j
name in the Indian language is said :
to signify
Long River, or, as some
render it,
River of Pines. Its
general course is north and south.
After forming the boundary line
between New Hampshire and Ver-
mont, it crosses the western part of
Massachusetts, passes the state of
Connecticut, nearly in its centre;
and, after a fall of 1,600 feet, from
its head, north of latitude 45°, it falls
into Long Island Sound, in latitude
41° 16k The breadth of this river,
at its entrance into Vermont, is
about 150 feet, and in its course of
60 miles it increases to about 390
feet. In Massachusetts and Con-
necticut, its breadth may be esti-
mated from 450 to 1,050 feet. It is
navigable to Hartford, 45 miles, for
vessels of considerable burthen, and
to Middletown, 30 miles from the
sea, for vessels drawing
12 feet of
water. By means of canals and oth-
er improvements, it has been made
navigable for boats to Fifteen Mile
Falls, nearly 250 miles above Hart-
ford. The most considerable rapids
in this river, are Bellows’ Falls, the
falls of Queechy, just below the
mouth of Waterqueechy river; the
White river falls, below Hanover,
and the Fifteen Mile Falls, in N. H.
and Vt.;—the falls at Montague and
South Hadley, in Mass., and the
falls at Enfield, in Ct., where it
meets the tide water. The perpen-
dicular height of the falls which
have been overcome by dams and
locks between Springfield, in Mass.,
and Hanover, in N. H., a distance
of 130 miles, is 240 feet. Bars of
sand and gravel extend across this
river in various places, over which
boats with difficulty pass in low
water. The most important tribu-
taries to the Connecticut, in New
Hampshire, are Upper and Lower
Amonoosuck, Israel’s, John’s, Mas-
comy, Sugar, and Ashuelot rivers:
in Vermont, Nulhegan,Passumpsic,
Wells, Wait’s, Ompomponoosuck,
White, Waterqueechy, Black, Wil-
liams, Sexton’s, and West rivers :
in Massachusetts, Miller’s, Deer-
field, Agawam, Chickopee, and
Westfield rivers ; and the Farming-
ton, in Connecticut.

........   J

The intervales are generally
spread upon one or both sides of the
river, nearly on a level with its
banks, and extending from half &
mile to five miles in breadth; but
its borders are in some places high,


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