Cumberland County, Me.
Portland, chief town. Bounded
N. by Oxford county, E. by Lin-
coln county, S. by the Atlantic
ocean, and W.by York county and
a part of Oxford. Area about 990
square miles. Population, 1820,
49,445; 1830,60,113; 1837, 67,619.
This is an excellent county of land,
and under good cultivation. The
commerce and manufactures of
Portland and neighboring towns
is very extensive. Casco bay is
within the county, and affords it
unrivalled privileges for navigation
and the fisheries. It is watered by
several large mill streams; and the
Cumberland and Oxford canal to
Sebago lake, within the county,
gives to its chief town’considerable
inland trade. In 1837 there were
37,803 bushels of wheat raised in
the county, and it contained 71,000
Cumberland co. Set off from the
westerly part of North Yarmouth
in 1821. Population, 1837, 1,525.
64 miles S. W. from Augusta, and
10 N. from Portland. Cumberland
is pleasantly situated on Casco bay,
and enjoys many navigable facili-
Cumberland, R. I.
Providence co. The manufac-
ture of cotton and boat building is
extensively pursued in this town.
Pawtucket, Mill and Peter’s rivers,
and Abbot’s run, afford the town
a good hydraulic power. There is
some good land in Cumberland,
producing a variety of articles for
Providence market; from which it
is distant 8 miles N. Population,
1830, 3,675. See Smithfield.
Hampshire co. Located 110 miles
W. from Boston, and 20 W. N. W.
from Northampton. Incorporated,
1779. Population, 1837, 1,204. In
this town are good mill seats on
Westfield river. ..It is a mountain-
ous township but excellent for graz-
ing. It produced, in 1837, 12,486
pounds of merino wool, the weight
of 4,162 fleeces, valued at $7,492.
The manufactures of Cummington
consist of cotton and woolen goods,
leather, palm-leaf hats, and scythe
snaiths. Total value, in one year,
$98,000. Iron ore and soapstone.
Lincoln co. Situated on Saint
George’s river, opposite to the town
of St. George; 45milesN. E. from
Augusta, and about 12 miles S. from
Warren. This place was settled by
emigrants from Ireland, as early as
1733. Here was the celebrated
stone fort, erected by Maj. Burton.
Incorporated, 1789. Population,
Washington co. Bounded S. by
the Atlantic Ocean, and about 20
miles S. W. from W. Quoddy Head.
It contains Little Machias hay and
Little river, and is bounded W. by
Machias hay. Cutler has a good
harbor, and a population of 667
164 miles E. by N. from Augusta,
and 10 S. E. from Machias.
Dalton, N. H.,
Coos co., lies between Lancas-
ter and Littleton, on Connecticut
river, and is 110 miles N. by IV.
from Concord. The Great, or Fif-
teen Mile Falls, bn Connecticut
river, commence in Dalton, and
rush tumultuously along its north-
west boundary. The town is also
watered by John’s river and sever-
al large brooks. The western and
southern parts of thifs town are hilly.
Along the borders of John’s river
the majestic white pine abounds.
The soil on the highlands is de(ep^,
and well adapted to grazing—is
generally good, and in some parts
easy of cultivation. Blake’s pond,
the only one in town, lies at the S.
E. corner. Moses Blake and Wal-