Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 168
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Incorporated, 1749. Population,
1830, 1,734. Goshen lies 6 miles
N. from Litchfield, 42 N, N. W.
from New Haven, and 32 W. from
Hartford. Great attention is paid
in this town to the education of
youth. Ivy mountain, in Goshen,
is considered the most elevated point
of land in the state; its summit pre-
sents an extensive and delightful
prospect. “ Goshen is the most ele-
vated township in the state, but not
generally mountainous; the surface
being undulating, affording an in-
teresting diye. sity of hills and vales.
The soil is a gravelly loam, deep,
strong and fertile, admirably adapt-
ed for grazing. This is one of the
best towns for the dairy business in
the state. Large quantities of cheese
nre annually made, the fame of
which is widely and pistly celebrat-
ed, and the inhabitants are general-
ly in prosperous circumstances. In
neatness, in and about their dwell- ,
ings, and in the appearance of gen-
oral comfort and prosperity, they
are not exceeded, if equalled, by
any town in the state.”

Gosport, N. H.

See Isles of Shoals.

Grafton County, N. H.

Haverhill and Plymouth are the
county towns.

This county extends from lat. 43°
27' to 44° 22' N. It is 58 miles in
length, and its greatest breadth is
30 miles. It contains 82S,623 acres,
besides a large tract of ungranted
land. It is hounded N. by the coun-
ty of Coos, E. by Strafford, S. by
Merrimack, and W. by the state
■of Vermont. Grafton county is wa-
tered by Connecticut river, on
which are several pleasant and
flourishing towns; by Pemigewas-
set, and Lower Amonoosuck rivers,
and by many smaller streams.—
Squam and Newfound lakes are the
largest collections of water. The
former, of which a considerable,
part lies in Strafford county, bas


been much celebrated for its pic-
turesque beauties. Its numerous
angular projections, the variety of
its islands covered with wood, and
the vicinity of lofty mountains, ren-
der it an object peculiarly interest-
ing. There are numerous eleva-
tions which come under the name
of mountains. Those of the most
importance are Gardner’s in Ly-
man, Peaked in Bethlehem, Moose-
hillock in Coventry, Cushman’s and
the Blue mount in Peeling, Carr’s
in Warren and Ellsworth, Moose in
Hanover, and Cardigan in Orange.

A large portion of Grafton county
is mountainous and hilly, hut this
circumstance does not prevent its
productiveness. It presents fine
tracts for pasturage, a large propor-
tion of arable land, and on the riv--
crs, extensive and fertile intervales.

This county is emphatically a
wool growing county, and there
were, in 1837, more than 120,000
sheep within its borders.

- The first settlement in this county
was made at Lebanon, and this was
the first settlement on Connecticut
river north of Charlestown. It was
constituted a county, March 19,
1771, and received its name in
honor of Augustus Henry Fitzroy,
Duke of Grafton. Population in
1775, 3,597; in 1790, 12,449; in
1800, 20,171; in 1810, 2S,462; in
1S20, 32,989; and in 1830, 38,691.

Grafton, N. H.,

Grafton co., is bounded N. E. by
Orange, S. E. by Danbury, S. W.
by Springfield, and N. W. by En-
field. It is 36 miles N- W. from
Concord, and 13 S. E. from Dart-
mouth college. It is watered by
branches of Smith’s and Mascomy
rivers. Heard’s river, a small trib-
utary to Smith’s river, waters the
S. E. part. There are 5 ponds.
The largest, containing from 200 to
300 acres, is called Grafton pond.
Two are named Mud ponds. The
surface of Grafton is very hilly, in
some parts very mountainous; and


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