Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 203
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cultivated, and beautifully varie-
gated. There is a cotton mill in
the town, and a number of vessels
are engaged in the coasting trade
and fishery. The manufactures
consist of cotton goods, hosiery,
vessels, leather, boots, shoes, chairs,
and cabinet ware :—total annual
amount, about $120,000. Ipswich
is 12 miles N. by E. from Salem,
10 S. from Newburyport, and 26
N. E. by N. from Boston. - First
settled, 1633. Incorporated, 1634.
Population, 1820, 2,553: 1837, 2,-

Ira, Vt.

Rutland co. This township is
elevated: it contains good land for
rearing cattle: it has about 5,000
sheep. . Castleton river and Ira
brook wash a part of the town, but
afford no valuable mill privileges.
Ira lies 60 miles S. S. W. from
Montpelier^ and 8 S. W. from Rut-
land. Population, 1830, 442.

Xrasburgb, Vt.

Shire town of Orleans county.
This township was granted to Ira
Allen and others, in 1781. It was
first settled in 1799. Population,
1830, 860. It lies 40 miles N. hy
E. from Montpelier, and 30 N. by
W. from Danville. The surface of
the town is undulating, with an
easy soil to cultivate, and general-
ly fertile. 'Black and Barton riv-
ers water the town, but move too
sluggishly to produce any valuable

Isinglass River, N. H.,

. Takes its rise from Long pond
in Barrington, and Bow pond in
Strafford, and, after receiving the
waters of several other ponds, unites
with the Cocheco near the S. part
of Rochester.

Isles of Shoals.

These islands, - 8 miles from the
mouth of Portsmouth harbor, N. H.
are seven in number, vizt Hog,

Smutty Nose, Star, Duck, White,
Malaga, and Londonner islands.
Hog contains 350 acres of rock, and
its greatest elevation is 57 feet above
high water mark. Smutty Nose
contains about 250 acres of rock
and soil—greatest elevation 45 feet.
Star island contains about 180 acres
of rock and soil, and its height is 55
feet. These islands, as a town, are
Gosport. Star and Smutty
Nose are inhabited by fishermen,
who carry on considerable business
in their way; supplying Portsmouth
and the neighboring towns with
fresh fish, and sending large quan-
tities of cured fish to Boston and
other places. The celebrated dun
fish are -found here, which have
heretofore been considered a dis-
tinct species of the cod. They
differ however frorh the common
cod only in the circumstance of
their being caught and cured in
winter. Star island and Smutty
Nose are connected by a
built at the expense pf government,
for the purpose of breaking a strong
south east current passing between
them, and forming a safe anchor-
age on the north west side of it.
These objects have been attained,
and the miniature fleet of the Shoal-
ers, riding at anchor in this artifi-
cial harbor, is no unpleasant sight.
Smutty Nose and Malaga are con-
nected by a sea wall, built at the
expense of Mr. Haley, “ the King
of the Shoals.” This wall, 14 rods
in length, 13 feet in height, and
from 20 to 30 feet in width, effec-
tually secures Haley’s inlet and
wharf from the easterly storms,
although the waves not unfrequent-
ly break over it in a severe storm.
These islands are composed of ledges
of gneiss, bearing evidence of their
igneous origin, as they are often
traversed by veins of quartz, trap,
and iron stone.

There are a few spots of dry soil
upon them under cultivation. The
Shoals are a pleasant resort for
water parties, and their delightful


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