Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 204
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bracing air, cannot be otherwise
than advantageous to those who are
in want of pure sea breezes. The
present population is about 100.

These islands were discovered
by the celebrated John Smith, in
1614, and were named by him
Smith’s Isles. The line between
Maine and New Hampshire passes
through these- islands, leaving the
largest on the side of Maine. Up-
on all of them are chasms in the
rocks, having the appearance of
being caused by earthquakes. The
most remarkable is on Star island,
(Gosport) in which one Betty Moody
secreted herself when the Indians
visited the island and took away
many female captives; and thence
called to this day “
Betty .Moody’s
For more than a century
previous to the revolution, these
islands were populous, containing
from 300 to 600 souls. They had
a court-house on Haley’s island;
a meeting-house, first on Hog isl-
and, and afterwards on Star island.
From 3 to 4 thousand quintals fish
were annually caught and cured
here, and 7 or 8 schooners, besides
numerous boats, were employed in
the business. The business has
since very greatly decreased.

William Pepperell and a Mr. Gib-
bons, from Topsham, England, were
among the first settlers at the Shoals;
the former an ancestor of the cele-
brated Sir William Pepperell.

A woman, of the name of Pul-
sey, died in Gosport, in 1795, aged
90. In her life time she kept two
cows. The hay on which they
fed in winter, she used to cut in
summer, among the rocks, with a
knife, with her own hands. Her
cows, it was said, were always in
good order. They were taken from
her, but paid for, by the British, in
1775, and killed, to the no small
grief of the good old woman.

Islesborougli, Me.

Waldo co. This town comprises
a large and fertile island, in Penob-


scot bay, and several islands in its
vicinity. This island has excellent
harbors, and is much frequented by
fishermen and coasters. The inhab-
itants are' independent farmers and
fishermen, who are accustomed to
render their insular situation a
place of comfort to the wayfarer,
or the invalid in pursuit of ocean
breezes. Islesfiorough lies 10 miles
S. E. from Belfast, and 56 E. from
Augusta. Incorporated, 1789.—
Population, 1837, 674.

Israel's River, N. H.,

Coos co., is formed by the waters
which descend in cataracts from tbe
summits of Mounts Adams and Jef-
ferson, and running N. W. it passes
through Randolph and Jefferson,
discharging itself into the Connec-
ticut near the centre of Lancaster.
It is a beautiful stream, and receiv-
ed its name from Israel Glines, a
hunter, who with his brother fre-
quented these regions, long before
the settlement of the county.

Jackson, Me.

Waldo co. An interior township
of good land that produced, in 1837,
4,898 bushels of as fine wheat as
can he raised in Tennessee. Pop-
ulation, same year, 523. Jackson
is 49 miles N. E. from Augusta, and
15 N. N. W. from Belfast. Incor-
porated, 1818.

Jackson, N. II.,

Coos co., situated on ihe E. side
of the White mountains. The sur-
face of the town is uneven, but the
soil is rich and productive. It is
watered principally by the two
branches of Ellis’ river, passing
from the N. and uniting on the S.
border near Spruce mountain.—
The principal elevations are called
Black, Baldface, and Thorn moun-
tains. Benjamin Copp was the first
settler; he moved into Jackson in
1779, and with his family buffeted
the terrors of tbe wilderness four-


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