NEW ENGLAND GAZETTEER.
the Penobscot on the W. side, about
6 miles above the Madamiscontis.
Essex co. ' This mountainous
township lies .on the W. side of
Connecticut river: it is watered by
a pleasant pond and by Paul’s
stream. It has some good land, but
most of it is poor. First settled,
1770. Population, 1830, 236. It
lies 54miles N. E. from Montpelier,
and 8 N. from Guildhall
This State was originally granted by James I. to the Plymouth Compa-
ny, in 1606, bj' whom it was transferred to Mason and Gorges in 1624.
This grant comprised all the territory between Merrimack river and Sa-
gadahock. The territory was afterwards purchased by Massachusetts for
£1,250, who obtained a confirmation of the charter in 1691, with the ad-
dition of the residue of Maine and Nova Scotia, including what is now
called the Province of New Brunswick.
This state, formerly the District of Maine, became independent of
Massachusetts in 1820. By the Constitution, the legislative power is
vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, elected annually by
the people, on the second Monday in September. The number of Sen-
ators^cannbt be less than 20, nor more than 31. The number of Repre-
sentatives cannot be less than 100, nor more than 200. No town or city
is entitled to more than seven Representatives.
The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is chosen annually
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