Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 278
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about 100,000 bushels of charcoal,
annually. A mountain stream af-
fords them a water power for an axe
factory and forge. These people,
likewise, appear to be more inde-
pendent of the common wants of
mankind than .other folks; for they
have no minister, physician, law-
yer, post office, or tavern, yet they
are remarkably healthy; and as far.
as we can judge, intelligent and

Muscongus River and Bay, Me.

Lincoln co. Muscongus river,
rises in large ponds in the interior
of the county, and on the border of
Waldo county : it passes through
Waldoborough, and separating Bre-
men and Friendship, it forms the
head waters of
Muscongus bay.—
This bay has a number of islands
and lies between St. George’s- isl-
ands off the town of St. George,
on the E., and Pemmaquid point,
in BremeD, on the W.

Naliant, Mass.

This celebrated watering place,
is a part of the beautiful town of
Lynn. It is a peninsula, jutting
out about 5- miles into Massachu-
setts bay, and forms Lynn bay on
the south. From Boston to Nahant
hotel, on the eastern point of the
peninsula, by land, is 14 miles;
from the centre of Lynn, 5; and
from Salem 9 miles. On the N. E.
side of this peninsula is a beach of
great length and smoothness. It is
so hard that a horse’s foot-steps are
scarcely visible ; and, from half-tide
to low water, it affords a ride of su-
perior excellence. Much may be
said in praise of Nahant without
exaggeration. Its formation, situa-
tion, and rugged shore, excites the,
curiosity of all, and many thou-
sands annually visit it for health, or

It is only 10 miles N. E. from
Boston, by the steam-boats, continu-
ally plying in summer months : at
this place are good fishing and fowl-
ing, excep^t accommodations: the
ocean scenery is exceedingly beau-
tiful in fair weather, and truly sub-
lime in a storm.

Nantasket, Mass. '

See Hull.

Nantucket Co. Mass. and Town.

An island in the Atlantic ocean—
town and county. It lies E. of
Dukes county, and about 30 miles
S. of Cape Cod, or Barnstable coun-
ty. This island is about 15 miles in
length, from east to west, and about
4 miles average breadth. It con-
tains 50 square miles. The town,
formerly called
Shelburne, is in
about the centre of tbe island, on
the north side, in lat. 41° 16'42",
W. Ion., 70° 7' 42". It is 100 miles
S. E. by S. from Boston, 55 S. E.
from New Bedford, 30 S. E. .from
Falmouth, and 500 from Washing
ton. Population, 1337, 9,048.

Nantucket has a good harbor,
with 7 1-2 feet of water, at low tide,
on the bar at its mouth. This island
was formerly well wooded, but for
many years it has not had a single
tree of natural growth. The soil is
light and sandy; it however affords
pasturage for about 7,000 sheep, 500
cows, and other cattle. In 1659,
when this county was incorporated,
the island contained 3,000 Indians,
but now, not one.

The whale fishery commenced
here in 1690; and this place is,
perhaps, more celebrated than
any other, for the enterprize and
success of its people, in that spe-
cies of nautical adventure. Indeed
Nantucket is the mother of that
great branch of wealth in America,
if not in the world. In the year
ending April 1, 1S37, Nantucket
employed 74 vessels in that fishery,
the tonnage of which was 25,875
tons 1,277,009 gallons of sperm
and whale oil was imported, the
value of which was $1,114,012.
The number of hands employed,
was 1,897. The capital invested,

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