Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 301
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and 14 E. S. E. from Windsor, Vt.
Near the centre of the town, and
the confluence of the E. and S.
branches of Sugar river and the
Croydon turnpike, is a handsome
village. In general the soil is rich
and productive. Sugar river flows
through this town, and its three
branches unite near the village,
whence it passes'through Claremont
into the Connecticut. On the east-
ern branch are situated, principally
near the village, large and valuable
manufacturing establishments.—
There-are othey mills in different
parts of the town. There are a
few eminences, designated as Bald,
Coitand East mountains, and Blue-
berry hill. Newport was granted
by charter in 1761. The first ef-
fort towards a settlement was made
in the fall of 1763. The first 'set-
tlers were principally from Kill-
ingworth, Ct. This town'is noted
for its good schools and its various
charitable societies. Population,
1830, 1,913.

Newport, Vt.

Orleans co. This town is sepa-
rated from Derby by Memphrema-
gog lake, and is watered by a branch
of Missisque river. It lies 48 miles
N. by E. from Montpelier, and 10
N. from Irasburgb. Population,
1830, 284.

Newport County, R. f.

Newport is the chief town. This
county comprises seven towns and
a number of islands; but the most
interesting section of it is the isl-
and of Rhode Island, from which
the state derives its name.. This
island is about 15 miles in length,
and has a mean breadth of two miles
and a half.

The surface presents an interesting
variety of moderate eminences and
declivities, which render the scene-
ry very pleasing. Valuable mine-
rals are found on the island, and
fossil coal, difficult of ignition, is
found in large quantities. The
soil of the island is very rich, and
under the management of skilful
farmers is made to produce in great
abundance all the varieties of grains,
grasses, vegetables, fruits and flow-
ers common to its latitude.

It is remarkable that not only this
island, but the county generally,
should he so fertile. The poorest
lands in New England are gener-
ally on the sea,board; but as it re-
gards this county, few sections of
the interior present a better-soil.

From the earliest settlement of
the country, this county has been
engaged in commerce and the fish-
ery. These interests are now in a
flourishing condition; and manu-
facturing establishments are in-
creasing, by the aid of steam pow-
er. In 1837 there were 37,340
sheep in the county.

Newport county is bound N. by
Mount Hope bay, and Bristol coun-
ty, Mass.; E. by'said county of
Bristol; S. by the Atlantic ocean,
and W. by Narraganset bay. Area,
136 square miles/Population, 1820,
15,771; 1830, 16,535. Population
to a square mile, 122.

Newport, R. I.

Chief town of Newport county,
and one of the seats of the state leg-
islature. Tt is in N. latitude 41° 28r
20", and W. longitude 71° 21' 14":
5 miles from the sea, 30 miles S.
by E. from Providence, 70 S. S. W.
from Boston, and 153 from New
York, by water. The township lies
in an irregular and somewhat of a
semicircular form, about 6 miles in
length and 1 in breadth. In com-
mon with the whole island of Rhode
Island, on which Newport is situa-
ted, the soil is remarkably fertile
and under good cultivation. The
surface is undulating, presenting a
great variety of delightful scenery.
The waters of Narraganset hay at
this place are unrivalled for beauty
and convenience. The harbor of
Newport is considered one of the
best on the coast of America: it


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