Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 319
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mackerel. There were 31,000
bushels of salt used, and 2 04 men
and boys were employed. The
value of fish taken, when cured and
packed, was $91,100 :—capital in-
vested,-$33,000. There are 50 es-
tablishments for the manufacture
of salt in the town ; during the year
ending April 1, 1837, there were
21,730 bushels made. There are
also manufactures of palm-leaf hats,
leather, boots, shoes and tin ware.
Orleans lies 20 miles E. from Barn-
stable. Population, 1830, 1,799;
1837, 1,936.

Orono, Me.

Penobscot co. This town lie? on
the west side of Penobscot river, and
is watered by Dead stream and a
large part of Pushaw lake. It is
74"miles N. E. from Augusta. In-
corporated,-1806. Population, 1830,
1,473 ; 1837, 3,961. The soil of
the town is good, and produced, in
1837, 1,744 bushels of wheat. This
town borders on the Great Falls in
Penobscot river, and contains a
great number of saw mills, which
manufacture a vast amount of lum-
ber annually for the Bangor market.
Orono is pleasant and uncommonly

A rail-road between Bangor and
the villages of
Stillwater and Old-
in Orono, was opened for
travel in 1836. It is 12 miles in
length, and .cost $350,000. ‘ The
Penobscot river at Oldtown, above
the falls, is 40 feet higher than at
Bangor. The village of Stillwater
is 4 miles below Oldtown.

Above tbe falls, and about a mile
above the village of Oldtown, near
tbe mouth of Dead stream, on “ Old-
town Island,” is'-the
Indian Settle-
This settlement is very plea-
santly located, and secure from ap-
proach except by boats or canoes.
It contains a number of framed
houses, and a neat chapel with a

In 1837, John Neptune, the lieu-
tenant Governor, and other officers
of the Penobscot tribe of Indians,
finished taking by families a very
particular census of ail who belong
to the tribe, for the purpose of a
jusj and equal distribution of the
annuities and other monies paid to
them. It was found that the fami-
lies in ail were ninety five—the list
exhibiting the head of each family
by name, and the number of indi-
viduals each one contains, annexed
thereto. The whole number of
souls in the tribe was three hundred
and sixty-two. Their officers are,
a governor, lieutenant governor,
a colonel, four captains, one’squire,
and one deacon. In religion they
are cathoiics. Several of them can
read, and a few can write, though
in a poor hand.

The whole tribe is divided in pol-
itics, and on some occasions party
spirit rages with almost as much
warmth as among the pale faces,
though generally better tempered.
No affair of
honor, or rather of
murder, has ever been known to
disgrace these savages.

The tribe own, collectively, all
the islands in the Penobscot river,
beginning with that of Oldiown,
where their village is, and including
all up as far as the forks, several
miles above the Matawamkeag,
many of which are exceedingly
pleasant and fertile.

The Indians are not poor, having
sold some of their lands for large
shms. To such a remnant, howev-
er, is this tribe reduced—a tribe an-
ciently and uniformly called the
Tarratines, who could bring into
the field more than two thousand
warriors, and who claimed the lands
on both sides of the Penobscot riv-
er from its sources to its mouth.

Orphan’s Island, Me.

Penobscot co. This island, con-
taining about 5,000 acres of excel-
lent land, at the mouth of Penob-
scot river, is 4 miles in length. Itis
attached to the town of Bucksport;
the head or north part of it lies oppo-


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