name of “ Haystack/’ This is a
pleasant town, with some manufac-
tures. The soil is dry and warm,
and produces good crops of corn and
hay.' It feeds about 14,000 sheep.
Bristol co. The town of Pawtuck-
et lies on the east side of the river of
the same name. It is two miles
square, and was taken from Seekonk
in 1823. The population of the
town, inlSSO,was 1,453; 1837,1,831.
The village of Pawtucket is
very pleasant;—it is an important
manufacturing place, commanding
a considerable trade, and contains a
population of about 8,000. It lies
on both sides of the river, and in-
cludes a part of the town of North
Providence, in R. I.
The first manufacture of cotton
cloth in this country, by water pow-
er machinery, was commenced at
this place. The water power is
immense, and the fall of the river
within a short distance, is 50 feet.
The river is navigable to the vil-
lage for vessels of considerable
burthen. It runs 4 miles S. by W.
to Providence river, at India Point,
near the depot of the Boston and
Providence rail-road, one mile be-
low the centre of the city of Provi-
dence. The river, above Pawtuck-
et, in Massachusetts, takes the name
ofBlackstone; below the fallsittakes
the name of Seekonk. This place
is 4 miles N. from Providence, 36
S. from Boston, 18 W. by S. from
Taunton, and 38 S. E. from Wor-
cester. At this place are J.2 or
more cotton mills and print works,
and manufactures of cotton machin-
ery, bobbins, spools, &c.; of boots,
shoes, carriages, vessels, chain,
cabinet wares, &c.; total, annual
value, about two millions of dollars.
The turnpike road from this place
to Providence is probably the best
road of the kind in the world. It
is very straight, wide, level, smooth,
and shaded on each side by beauti-
Samuel Slater, Esq., the
father of cotton fnanufacturos in
America, resided in thi3'village
many years. He died at Webster,
Mass., greatly respected, April 20,
1335, aged 67.
Paivtuxet River, R. I.
This celebrated river rises in the
western part of the State. It has nu-
merous tributaries,and mingles with
the waters of the Narraganset, five
miles below Providence. This riv-
er is distinguished for its valuable
mill sites,and for the numerous man-
ufacturing ‘establishments erected
on its banks. Pawtuxet and its
branches fertilize a large portion of
the state. See Warwick.
Paxton, Mass. ,
Worcester co. Paxton was tak-
en from Leicester and Rutland, in
1785. It is on high ground; its
waters descend both to the Connec-
ticut and Merrimack. It lies 50
miles W. from Boston, and 7 N. W.
from Worcester. Population, 1837,
619. This is a pleasant town, vvith
manufactures of palm-leaf hats,
boots, shoes, leather, carriages, &.c.
The surface of the town .is uneven,
but the soil is good, and well culti-
vated. by its proprietors.
Caledonia co. As no Town can
.be considered properly peopled
without some ’ of the fair sex, the
date of the firstsettlemenl of Peach-
■am must have/beeii near 1777, when
Henry Elkins, the first child in
town, was born,.-' The first mill was
erected in 1731. The town is well
watered by several ponds and
streams ; surface is pleasantly
diversified), the soil fertile and well
cultivated by^independent farmers.
The agricultural products are con-
siderable^. About Q,000 sheep are
kept. Peaehain lies 20 miles E. by
N. from .Montpelier, and .8 S. by
W. from Danville. Population,