Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 333
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small streams in a wide and deep
bed ; hollowed out partly by them,
and partly by the tide. The names
of these streams, beginning at the
northeast, are Salmon Fall, Coche-
co, Bellamy bank, Oyster, Lamprey,
Squamscot, and Winnicut rivers.
The five last .unite their waters in
a large and irregular bay between
Durham and Greenland, more re-
sembling a lake than a river. The
waters of this bay meet those of
Salmon Fall and Cochec.o rivers,
coming from the northwest at Hil-
ton’s point, a few miles below Do-
ver. After this junction, they pro-
ceed in a direct line to the south-
east; and join the ocean 2 or 3 miles
below Portsmouth; embosoming
several islands, and forming one of
the best harbors on the continent.
Few rivers make a more magnifi-
cent appearance than this; yet the
streams by which it is^upplied *are
small. Salmon Fall furnishes more
than all the rest. This stream is
JSTewichawannock from the
falls in Berwick till it receives the
waters of the Cocheco ; but the
name of Piscataqua ought to be ap-
plied to the whole of Salmon Fall

Piscataquis River, Trie.

The head waters of this river are
found in the high lands which sep-
arate the waters of Penobscot and
Kennebec rivers. Its length is about
65 miles, passing in a course nearly
east. It has many tributaries, of
which Sebec and Pleasant rivers,
and Seboois stream, from the north,
are the largest. In its course it
fertilizes large tracts of country,
and gives to the towns through
which it passes a good hydraulic

Piscataquis County, Me.

Dover, chief town. This county
was incorporated* March-23, 1838.
Its territory is thus described in the
act of incorporation, to wit:

“ That from and after the last
day of April next, all that portion
of territory lying north of the south
lines of Parkman and Wellington,
in the county of Somerset, and lying
north of the north liries of the towns
of Dexter, Garland, Charleston,
Bradford, and south line of Kilmar-
nock, in the county of Penobscot;
and bounded east by the east lines of
Milton, Kilmarnock and townships
numbered four in the eighth and
ninth ranges; and thence bounded
east by a line running north from
the northeast corner of said town-
ship numbered four, in the ninth
range, to the north line of the state;
and bounded on the west by the
west lines of Wellington, Kings-
bury, Shirley,and township number
two in the fifth range ; and thence
hounded west by a line running
north from the northwest corner
of said township number two, to the
Kfennebec river; thence up and by
the southerly hank of said river to
Moose Head lake; thence bounded
westerly by the westerly margin
of said lake, to the northwest angle
of said lake—and thence bounded
west by a line running north, to the
north line, of the state—be and the
same is hereby constituted .and
made a county by the name of,”

This county is therefore bounded
N. W.and N. by the British pos-
sessions in Lower Canada, E. by the
county of Penobscot, S. by the
counties of Penobscot and Somer-
set, and W..by Somerset county
There are numerous lakes and ponds
in the county, the largest of which
are the M„oose Head, Chekmcook
and Pemadumcook. The county is
crossed by the Piscataquis, Penob-
scot and Walloomstook rivers, but
mostof its excellent mill streams,
of which there are many, rise with-
in the county, from its own natural
sources. There are some consider-
able elevations, the largest of which
Katahdin Mountain. The char-
acter of the surface and soil of Pis-
cataquis county is generally that of


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