Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 348
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streets, compared with some other
commercial places.

Portsmouth lies 45 miles E. S. E.
from Concord, 56 N. E. from Bos-
ton, and 54 S. W. from Portland.
Population, 1S20,    7,327;    1830,

the Navy yard, one of the safest
and most convenient on the coast ;
Badger’s island, on which the
North America, (the first line of
battleship launched in the weste'rn
hemisphere) was built during the
revolutionary war.

Few towns in New England have
suffered so much from fires as Ports-
mouth. On Dec. 26, 1802, 102
buildings were burnt. Dec. 24,
1806, 14 buildings, including St.
John’s church, were destroyed.
But the most calamitous fire broke
out Dec.. 22, 1813, when 397 build-
ings were burnt, of which more
100 were dwelling houses.
The ravages extended over about
15 acres.

The United States navy yard is
admirably located for its object.
There are at present three ship
houses in the yard, in which are a
74 and a 40 gun ship. One of the
houses is 240 feet long and 131 feet'
wide:—the roof is covered with
130 tons of slate. In this building
the keel of the frigate Congress
was laid in 1337. The government
of the U. S. has been liberal in its
appropriations for this excellent na-
val depot, at which a dry dock
will soon be constructed. Ports-
mouth has ever been celebrated for
its fine white oak timber and its
naval architects.

Ship building for the merchant'
service is extensively pursued, and
otber manufactures flourish. There
are’35 ships belonging to this port
regularly engaged in the freighting
100 vessels in-the cod
and mackerel fisheries, 52 in the
coasting trade, 3 in the West India
business, and
1 employed in whal-
ing. ThQ number of men and
boys employed in navigation, in
1837, wa^750. The tonnage of the
district, the same year, was 25,114
tons. As much of the capital of
this wealthy town is employed
abroad, and much of the inland
trade passes on the river, there is
hut little show of business in the

8,0S2. .The present population is
about 9,000. Tbe rail-road from
'Boston to Maine will probably pass
through this town. The proximity
of Portsmouth to the ocean, its
neatness, quietude and beauty, ren-
der it an agreeable residence, and
a fashionable resort in the summer.

Among the citizens of Portsmouth
distinguished for their talents or
public services, we may mention
William Vaughan, the origin-
al projector of the expedition against
Louisbourg, was born at 'Ports-
mouth, Sept. 12, 1703, and died in
London, in Dec. 1*746.

John Wentworth, tbe first
governor of that name in N. H.

J He died Dec. 12, 1730, aged 59.

Benning Wentworth, who
died Oct. 14, 1770, aged 75.

Dr. Joshua Brackett, a dis-
tinguished physician and founder of
the N. H. Medical Society, died
July 17, 1802, aged 69.

Hon. Samuel Hale, a native
of Newbury,,Mass., who for more
than 30 years, taught a public school
in Portsmouth. He died July 10,
1807, aged S9._

Rev. Samuel Haven, D. D.
was bom at Framingham, Mass*
Aug. 4,1727; settled at Portsmouth
in 1752 ; received the degree of

D. D. from the University of Edin-
burgh in 1772; and died March 3,
1806, aged 79. He was eminently

Dr. Ammi R. Cutter, was born
at North Yarmouth, Me. in March
1735. For 60 years he was an em-
inent practitioner, and during life a
firm supporter of his country. He
died Dec.
8, 1820, aged 86.

Hon. John Pickering, LL. D.,
was a native of Newington. He
was appointed chief justice of the
superior court in 1790, and contin-


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