Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 351
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on the S. by Belfast bay ; 52 miles

E. by N. from Augusta, 12 N. N.

E. from Belfast, and 18 S. from
Bangor. Prospect is very flourishing
in its commercial and agricultural
pursuits. .Population, 1-830“, 2,381;
1837, 3,198. - Incorporated, 1794.
Wheat crop, .1837, 4,416 bushels.

Prospeet, Ct.

New Haven co. This stony and
mountainous to\Vn was taken from
Cheshire‘and Waterbury,in 1827.
It derived its name from its elevat-
ed situation. There is a pretty
village in the town. The inhabit-
ants are chiefly farmers. It lies
17 miles N.l>y W. from New Ha-
ven. Population, 1830, 651.

Some difficulty arose in tbe con-
gregational society in this, town a
few years since, in consequence of
the minister and a number of tbe
influential members of the church
having adopted the sentiments of
Perfectionists. The stray
sheep, however, soon returned to
the fold again. See
Creeds and Statistics-.

Providence County, R. I.

Providence, chief town. This
ancient and respectable county is
boundedN.and E. by Massachusetts,
S. by the county of Kent,- and \y. by
Connecticut. It contains .an area
of 381 square-miles. .Population,
1820, 35,736 ; 1830, 47,018. Pop-
ulation to a square mile, 124. The
surface of the county is generally
uneven; some seqtions of it presents
rugged features, but no part of it
is mountainous. The soil is vari-
ous : some portions of the county
are alluvial, some calcareous loam,
and some of sileceous sand ;.but a
strong gravelly loam generally

More attention is paid to agricul-
ture in this county than formerly;
good crops of corn, barley and rye
are obtained, and all the varieties
of the dairy, of fruits and vegeta-
bles are abundant for the supply of

its numerous villages and the city.

The commercial interests of the
county are important, but are prin-
cipally confined to the flourishing
city of Providence; but the manu-
facturing interests, particularly of
cotton, are extended throughout the
county, and engrosses a large share
of its enterprize and capital. While
the Pawtucket, Pawtuxet, Mash an-
ticut, Pochasset, Wonasquatucket,
and other streams, give those inter-
ests, a constant "operative power, the
numerous beautiful villages erected
on their borders testify that Provi-
dence county is one of the most im-
portant manufacturing districts in
the new world.

A statistical account of the resour-
ces of this county, and of all the
counties and towns in Rhode Isl-
and, is .in preparation, and will ap-
pear in the

Providence, R. I.

Chief town* Providence co. Rog-
er Williams was the founder of this
beautiful city. He was banished
from the Massachusetts colony for
maintaining that all denominations
of Christians were equally entitled
to the protection of the civil mag-
istrate ; that the church of England
was no. true church, and that a
patent from the king conveyed no
title to the soil.

In 1636, Mr. Williams, accompa-
nied by William Harris, John
Smith, Joshua Virrin, Thomas An-
gell, and Francis Wickes, commenc-
ed a settlement and called it Prov-
idence ; regarding his preservation
as a favorable interposition of heav-
en. Mr. Williams sustained the
two-fold character of a minister of
the gospel and governor of the col-
ony ; he formed a constitution on
the broad principle of civil and re-
ligious liberty, and thus established
the first free government on the
continent of America. Mr. Wil-
liam? was a man of learning, and
set a bright example of that tolera-
tion which he demanded from oth-


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