Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 355
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ornamental; and it is fortunate for
the public that the supply is abun-
dant, for the demand for it from va-
rious parts of the United States is
constant and increasing.

By means of a rail-road from these
quarries to tbe tide waters of Ne-
ponset river, and of a canal to the
centre of the town, this stone is
transported with great expedition
and little cost. There are large
quantities of slate stone near Ne-
ponset river ; much of which is
quarried. These slate quarries bear
indications of coal in their vicinity.

In this town, between Quiney
and .Dorchester bays, is a point of
land called
Squantum, celebrated
as having been the residence of the
famous Indian Sachem,
This place is the Mos-wetu-
set, “ a few miles south of Boston,”
supposed by some to have .origin-
ated the name of the state. Squan-
tum is a rocky, romantic place, six
miles south of Boston, and a pleas-.
ant resort for fishing and bathing.

The soil of Quincy is generally
of an excellent quality and under
good cultivation. Thepe are large
tracts of. salt meadow ‘in the town,
and many large and beautiful farms,
which, in respect to soil and skillful
management, may vie with any.in
the state.

The Mount Wallaston farm is
noted as the site of an early settle-
ment (1625,) and as the
Mount of
Thomas Morton and his
associates. This form,with that of his
venerated father, now belong to the
Hon. Mr. Adams, representative to
Congress. The ancestral estate of
the Quincy family comprises one
of the most beautiful and well cul-
tivated farms in New England.
It is the property of Josiah Quin-
cy, LL. D., an eminent agricul-
turist, and president of Harvard

The village, in the centre jof the
town, is situated on an elevated
plain, and is remarkable for its neat-
ness and beauty. In this village is
a stone church, designated the “Ad-
ams Temple.” This building was
dedicated, 1S28, and cost $40,0001
Within its walls is a beautiful mar-
ble monument to tbe memory of the
Hon. John Adams and his wife.

About two miles east from the
village is
Quincy Point, at the
junction of Town and Weymouth
Fore rivers. This is a delightful
spot, and contains some handsome
buildings. This point of fand, with
a peninsula near it called
town, are admirably located for
ship building, and for all the pur-
poses of navigation and the fishery.
Here is a fine harbor, a bold shore
and a beautiful country, within 10
miles of the capital of New Eng-

The manufactures of Quincy con-
sist of stone,' slate, vessels, salt,
leather, boots, shoes, hats, coach
lace, carriages, harnesses, bleached
bees wax, See. Total value, the
year ending April 1,1S37,$470,222.
During that period there were 10
vessels engaged in the cod and
mackerel fishery; the product of
which was $31,042. Quincy is a
place of considerable trade. Large
quantities of lumber, bread stuffs,
&c., are annually sold.

The proximity of Quincy to Bos-
ton, the excellent roads and bridg-
es connecting it with the city and
surrounding country, the beauty of
the town, with the delightful scen-
ery around it, render it a desirable
residence in summer, and a-pleas-
ant home.

Quincy was named in honor of
John Quincy, a native of
the place, who. for forty successive
years was a member of the execu-
tive council of tbe colony, and dis-
charged many other public trusts
with zeal and fidelity. He died Ju-
ly 13,1767,aged 78.

This has been the birth place
and residence of some of the most
distinguished sons of America.—


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