Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 368
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There is another village about 2
miles S. W.from this, called
the Indian name of
the falls in the Cocheco at that
place. Much of the soil in Roch-
ester is good; the surface is uneven,
with several swells, the principal
of which is, Squamanagonnick hill,
which constitutes a considerable
part of several valuable farms. In
the W. part of the town, is a large
tract of oak land, which is hard and
stony ; has a deep rich soil, and is
very productive when well cultiva-
ted. The town was incorporated,
in 1722. The first permanent set-
tlement was made In 1723. Until
Canada was taken by the British
and American troops in 1760, it re-
mained a frontier town; the peo-
ple were poor and distressed, but
not discouraged. Their men Were
hold, hardy and industrious ; and
their sons were trained to the use
of arms. They early became a ter-
ror to their foes. In 1748, the wife
of Jonathan Kodgdon was killed on
a Sunday morning by the Indians,
on refusing to be taken to Canada
with the party. Her husband mar-
ried again, had 21 children in all,
and died in 1815, aged 90 years. In
the revolutionary war, many of the
inhabitants bore a part. Captains
David Place and John Brewster led
companies to Ticonderoga, and suf-
fered much in their retreat from
that place in 1777. Of the soldiers
from Rochester, 29 were killed or
died in that contest. Pop.1830,2,155.

Rochester, Vt.

Windsor co. Rochester lies 30
miles S. S. W. from Montpelier, 37
N. W. from Windsor, and 20 S. E.
from Middlebury. It is watered by
White river, which supplies it with
mill seats. A large partof the surface
of the township is broken and moun-
tainous, but it contains much good
land for grazing and some tracts of
excellent meadow. It has a pleasant
village with some trade. In 1837,
there were 9,000 sheep in the town.

First settled, 1783. Population,

1830, 1,392.

Rochester, Mass.

Plymouth co. A large maritime
town on Buzzard’s bay, 9 miles
E. from New Bedford, and 48 S. S.
E. from Boston. Incorporated, 1686.
Population, 1837, 3,570. The lace
of the town is uneven and the soil
light. Mattepoiset and Sipican riv-
ers, rising in large ponds in the
town, empty into the bay and form
good harbors. The manufactures
of Rochester consist of vessels, salt,
bar iron, boots, shoes, &c.; value,
the year ending April 1, 1837,
$101,811. During that period there
were 9 vessels engaged in the whale
fishery, and brought into port 116,-
928 gallons of oil, valued at $71,
658. A number of merchant ves-
sels belongto this place, and numer-
ous coasting and fishing vessels.

Rockingham County, K. H.

Portsmouth and JUxeter are the
chief towns. The county of Rock-
ingham is bounded N. and N. E.'
by Strafford county; E. by the At-
lantic, from the mouth of Piseata-
qua river to the line of Massachu-
setts; W. by the counties of Mer-
rimack and Hillsborough. Its great-
est length is about 34 miles; its
greatest breadth, from the west cor-
ner of Chester to the extremity of
Rye, is about 30 miles. It compri-
ses an area of 695 square miles.
There are no remarkable elevations
in this county; the surface, how-
ever, is uneven, and in the north
part, from the higher eminences,
there are some very fine views of
the surrounding country. The
highest point is Saddleback moun-
tain, in Northwood and Deerfield.
The rivers are the Lamprey, Exe-
ter, Beaver, and Spiggot, which
water the east and southeast parts
of the county. Great Bay, be-
tween Newington and New Mark-
et, and connecting with the Piscat*
aqua, is the largest collection of


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