Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 408
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tensively, at different times, accor-
ding to the demands of tbe market.
Copper has been discovered, in sev-
eral places, in the range of moun-
tains on the eastern border of the

South Kingston, R. I*

Washington co. Chief town.
This town was formerly a part of
North Kingston, and was first set-
tled in 1670. It is the largest town
in the State, comprising 98 square
miles, and within its limits is the
Point Judith. It has an
uneven surface, a soil of a gravelly
loam, based on a granite foundation.
Large quantities of grain of vari-
ous kinds and of the productions of
the dairy are annually sent to mar-
ket from this town ; also the fleeces
of about 7,500 sheep. This town
possesses great navigable advan-
tages ; its eastern and southern
borders being washed by the At-
lantic ocean and Narraganset bav.
It contains a great number of fresh
water ponds, and a large salt pond:
one of the fresh water ponds, cov-
ers an area of between three and
four thousand acres.

The fisheries on the shores and
in the ponds of South Kingston are
of considerable extent and value.
The fish taken are principally bass,
alewives, perch and smelts. Some
portion of the inhabitants follow a
maritime life for a livelihood.

The principal village in South
Kingston is improperly called “ Lit-
tle Rest.Hill,” for it is quite a snug
and comfortable place. It lies 30
miles S.- from Providence, and 9 S.
from North Kingston. Population,
1830, 3,663.

Sputh Reading, Mass.

Middlesex co. This town was
taken from Reading in 1812. It
lies 10 miles N. from Boston, 18 E.
by N. from Concord, and 10 W. from
Salem. Population, 1830, 1,310;
1837, 1,488.

The manufactures of the town
consist of shoes,cabinet ware, chairs
shoe tools, razor straps, block tin
and tin ware : annual value, about

This town contains a large and
beautiful pond, the source of Sau-
gus river. The village is compact,
neat and flourishing.

Southvvich, Mass.

Hampden co. This town is
bounded S. by the state of Con-
necticut, and is 100 miles W. by
S. from Boston, and 10 W. S. W.
from Springfield. Incorporated,
1779. Population, 1837, 1,291. It
is watered by a considerable stream,
and several ponds in the town sup-
ply water-for the Farmington canal,
which passes through Southwick.
The manufactures consist of gun-
powder, leather, arid distilled spir-
its: annual value, about $70,000.
The surface of the town is eleva-
ted, but the soil is generally good,
particularly for grazing. The val-
ue of wool sheared in 1837, was

gowadabscook River, Me.

Penobscot-co. This stream falls
into the Penobscot at Hampden, 5
miles below Bangor. Within 3
miles of its mouth it falls 120 feet,
furnishing many valuable mill priv-
ileges. The main branch, which
rises in Stetson, unites with the
Harvey stream from Levant, and
the Kinsley stream from Etna, both
affording excellent mill sites, near
the village in Carmel. Below
these, the Sowadabscook is deep
and sluggish, from 15 to 25 yards in
width, flowing through extensive
meadows, and the Great and Little
ponds in Hermon, with very little
descent, to the head of the falls in
Hampden. Near the east line of
Carmel, this stream comes within
about 20 rods of the Little ICendus-
keag, a stream.which flows through
the N. E. part of Carmel, from Le-
vanttoBangor; and the two streams
are united by a branch from 20 to


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