Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 409
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30 feet wide and 3 feet deep, called
Cross. The Kenduskeag is so
rapid that it rises and falls much
quicker than the Sowadabscook.
When the streams are rising, the
current in the Cross sets towards the.
Sowadabscook, and when falling,
towards the Kenduskeag.

The country watered by the
Sowadabscook is generally- rather
level and free from hills, though
there are many swells of Very fine
farming land. In the towns of
Hermon and Hampden is a large
tract* very little elevated above the
level of the stream,-and liable to be
overflowed by freshets. It is too
low for -settlement, and is chiefly
covered-with wood. The improve-
ment of this land requires too great
an outlay of capital for a new coun-
try, but it will probably at some
time be among the- most valuable
in this country for. mowing.

There are on this stream,, in
Hampden, five superior saw mills,
a grist and paper mill, and the privi-
leges are excelled by few in New
England. Upon the Kenduskeag
are 9 mills below tbe Cross, many
of them superior double mills. The
pine timber has been cut off upon
the waters of this stream to such an
extent, as to give a high value to
that which remains, and to the hem-
lock .timber, of which there are
great quantities of fine quality.

Since our first pages went to
press, we have received, from an
obliging friend, the following infor-
mation in regard to

The township of Carmel, border-
ing on the Sowadabscook, is a very
level tract of land; most of it of a
very light and fertile soil, free of
stone. The- valleys have a fine
growth of pine timber, wliicb has
been carefully preserved by the
owners, and may be run, by means
of the Cross, at a* small expense,
either to Bangor or Hampden.—
There is probably no town infthis
section'of the county, in which
there .was originally so valuable a
growth of pine, or in which there
is so large a quantity remaining.
The swells are large, and are cov-
ered with the rock maple, beech,
birch, ike., and are of a very supe-
rior quality for tillage- Near the
streams are large tracts of intervale
of great fertility, and making very
fine meadows. There is little waste
land in the town. The swamps are
few and of small extent, but fur-
nish cedars in sufficient quantities
for fencing, for which use they are
the finest and most durable mate-

The settlement of this town is
rapidly progressing, and many of
the farms recently cleared are very
superior, and the buildings, fences,
and improvements, show an active,
industrious and -enterprising peo-

The village near the centre of
the town, is a very thriving and
active place of business;- on the
stage road from Bangor to Skowhe-
gan, 13 miles W. from Bangor, and
11 W.*N. W. from Hampden. Here
are four stores, two taverns, an
apothecary shop, potash, black-
smiths, coopers, shoemakers, join-
ers, and other shops; an extensive
tannery, mills, &c., and a meeting
house is about being built. In the
town are five good school bouses,
five saw mills,clapboard and shin-
gle mill, grist mill, and clothing

’There are found in this town some
fine specimens of petrified shells,
at an elevation of 125 to 130 feet
above the Penobscot, and near the
banks of the stream, showing that
this valley was once covered by
the ocean.

The roads in the towns watered
by thi3 stream are exceedingly well
made, and creditable to the inhab-
itants, though it is remarkable, that
several of them, which were made
in the early settlement, pass over
decidedly the most inferior lands in
those towns. This is particularly


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