Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 487
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to the Americans, under General
Gates, October 17, 1777.

From Troy to Whitehall, N. Y.,
is 70 miles by stage, and 72 by tbe
Champlain canal. In this distance
we pass Bemis
5 Heights, and forts
Miller, Edward, and Anne; im-
portant stations during the revolu-
tionary war.

IVTiitehall is at the southern ex-
tremity of lake Champlain, and at
the junction of the canal with the
lake. This place is an important
location for trade on Lake Cham-
plain, and of an extensive tract of
country. The lake is navigable
here for all classes of lake vessels ;
and from this place steam boats ply
along the shores of this beautiful
lake to St. Johns in Lower Canada.
This is a pleasant and flourishing
town, and a great thoroughfare for
travelers in the season of naviga-
tion. It is situated in the county
of Washington, and contains a pop-
ulation of about 3,^00.

About a dozen miles west from
Whitehall lays
Lake George, cele-
brated for the purity of its waters,
its enchanting island and mountain
scenery,,its salmon trout, and above
all, for its history, as connected with
the memory of our fathers in their
glorious struggle for liberty.

This lake is about 35 miles in
length, and averages about
2 miles
in breadth. It discharges’its wa-
ters into Lake Champlain, near the
ruins of Ticonderoga, by an outlet
of 3 miles in length; in which dis-
tance the fall is about 150 feet.

On some of the islands in this
lake, crystals of quartz are found of
uncommon transparency and per-
fection of form.

Rogers' Rock, is on the west
side of the lake, near the outlet.
It rises abruptly between 300 and
400 feet. It received its name
from a Major Rogers, who, to elude
his Indian pursuers, deceived them
by asscending the rock, throwing
his pack into the lake, and chang-
ing his snow shoes heels foremost;

thus inducing them to believe that
he had leaped into the lake.

This is indeed one of the most
beautiful and romantic sheets of
water in the world.

From Whitehall to Burlington,
Vermont, is 70 miles. On this
route we pass the memorable for-
tresses of Ticonderoga and Crown
Point; Mount Independence, and
a great number of beautiful towns
which skirt the lake on each side.

Opposite to Charlotte, Vermont,
11 miles S. from Burlington, in the
town of Essex, N. Y., is
, a great natural curiosity.
This rock projects into the lake 150
feet. The point is separated from
the main rock about
20 feet: it con-
tains about half an acre, and is cov-
ered with trees. Tbe height of the
rock, on each side of the opening,
is about
20 feet; and appears to
have been rent asunder by some
great convulsion.

From the beautiful town of Bur-
lington we cross the mountains to
Montpelier, situated in a delightful
valley amid the hills. The distance
is 38 miles. On this route we travel
along the romantic banks of the
Winooski; we listen to the rushing
of its waters down its mountain
course ; view its foaming cataracts,
and stop to admire the wonderful
fissures and fantastic mechanism,
which, in the course of ages, that
stream has wrought, by its ceaseless
current, amid these adamantine

From Montpelier we pass to Con-
necticut river, and Littleton, N. H.,
a distance of 40 miles, and from Lit-
tleton to the base of Mount Wash-
ington, a distance of IS miles.

By this route from the city of
New York, the distance is 386
miles: from that city by the way
of Stonington, Providence, and the
nearest route from Boston, the dis-
tance is 383 miles. This route
may be varied so as to enjoy the
beauties of Winnepisiogee lake,
by leaving Troy, 150 miles, for


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