Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 515
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nal, from Providence, R. I.,45 miles
in length, terminates here; and
here is a permanent depot on the
great western rail road from Boston
to the Hudson river.

This is the seat of many religious,
literary, and philanthropic societies,

The State Lunatic Asylum, es-
tablished in this town in 1832, is an
institution honorable to the nature
of man. It is a beautiful building,
delightfully located, and admirably
conducted. Its plan and arrange-
ments are so excellent as to render
it a model for similar institutions
in other states.

This institution is a receptacle
for all persons arraigned as crimi-
nals, but found to have committed
the offences in a state of insanity ;
of paupers, and of those who are
so furiously mad as to render their
continuance at large dangerous to
the community.

Although the worst cases of in-
sanity are found here, yet experi-
ence has proved that there are very
few cases of derangement which
may not be ameliorated by the
kindly influence of humane treat-
ments The average recoveries, to
the present time, is about 56 pr. ct.

The American Antiquarian So-
, was founded in 1812. By
the liberality of the late
LL. D., one of its first
benefactors, a spacious hall was
erected in 1820, for the reception
of its large and valuable cabinet of
antiquities, and its library of about

12,000 volumes of American pub-
lications, particularly of all works
pertaining to American history, and
literature generally.

Mr. Thomas was the father of
New England printers. He pub-
lished the first newspaper in this
town, in 1775, and, a few years af-
ter, the first bible in America. He
was a gentleman of great patri-
otism and liberality. He was born
in Boston, January 19th, 1749, and
died in this town, April 4,1831.

Worthington, Mass*

Hampshire co. This town has a
good soil: it is pleasantly situated
on elevated ground: it has some
mineral treasures, and is washed by
a branch of Westfield river. It is
103 miles
W. from Boston, 55 E.
from Albany, N. Y., and 17 W. N.
W. from Northampton. Incorpora-
ted, 1763. Population, 1837,1,142.

The manufactures of Worthing-
ton consist of leather, boots, shoes,
curtains, children’s wagons, and
hats: annual value, about $50,000.

In 1837, there were sheared in
this town 9,050 merino sheep : the
wool weighed 27,000 pounds, and
sold for $16,875.

Wrentham, Mass.

Norfolk co. There is a large
pond near the centre of this town,
from which issue several streams
which flow to the Charles, Nepon-
set and Taunton. In this town are
one woolen and four cotton mills,
an axe manufactory; boat build-
ing to a considerable extent; and
manufactures of boots, shoes, hats,
hoops and straw bonnets. The to-
tal -value of the manufactures of
this town, for the year ending April
1, 1837, was $204,806; of which
$77,815 was for straw bonnets.

Wrentham is a pleasant town,
with a tolerable soil and diversified
surface. It was taken from Ded<-
ham in 1673. Population, 1837,

A family of Indians once resi-
ded in a cavern in this town, called
“ Wampum’s Rock,” which place
is rather a curiosity. The Indian
name of the town was

Wrentham is 27 miles S. by W.
from Boston, and 15 S. by W. from
Dedham. This town is bounded S.
E. by Mansfield, and within the re-
gion of a vast bed of anthracite coal.

Yantic River, Ot.

New London co. This stream


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