Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 68

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 67 ...Page 69

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.


[    Damariscove, and the Penobscot previously, and now asked for the exclusive trade of the

I    Kennebec; on whose bank they established, in the subsequent year, (during which the im-

portant patent of Massachusetts Bay was issued,) a trading-house.*

1629. Thomas Commock, or rather CAMOCK,f obtained a patent for land between the
i    River Spurwink and Black Point, in Scarboro', on which he settled subsequently, and died

,    in 16434

f    In this year was also granted, with enlargements, the Kennebec or Plymouth patent,

I    intended as an express favor to New Plymouth, for the encouragement of trade and the

j    fishery, and for the propagation of religion. The area included in it is stated to have been

1,500,000 acres; but long disputes grew out of it, not settled before 1789.

1    1630. Grants were made by the Plymouth Council to settlers at Saco ; and another, much

I    more extensive, being 40 miles square, and called Lygonia, in which Gorges was greatly con-

|    i    cerned, but still unsuccessful. It extended from Cape Porpoise to Cape Elizabeth.§

1    During this year was also granted the Museongus patent, known at an after period as that

S    of Waldo, which included a tract of about 30 miles square. It was not intended for a

j    !    separate government, but only for purposes of trade with the natives.

i    |    1631. This year the Pemaquid patent was granted, and seems to have closed the series.

!    j    Of all these it may be said, probably, as of many if not most of the early grants, their boun-

;    :    daries could not be well defined, and therefore disputes would in time naturally arise concerning

|    j    them. Two territories soon came into notice the Kennebec, or Maine, and the Sagadehoc,

!    the eastern part of which was Acadian, and claimed by the French. The history of all these

j    claims is given elaborately by Williamson, to whom our limits compel us to refer. They

'    were not settled until the charter given by King William and Queen Mary, in 1691, united

■    them with Massachusetts under the same government.

;    That state had, however, in the year 1677, purchased the entire claim of the Gorges

)    family to Maine, for £1250 sterling, and established a government over it. It had also

i    assumed, in 1689, the government of Western Sagadehoc, and in 1690, Sir W. Phips sub-

dued the remainder.

From this period the history of Maine is blended with that of Massachusetts ; and although,
/    as has been hinted, her sufferings from Canadian Indians had been peculiar, and so continued

until the conquest of Canada by the British and provincial arms, and peace of 1763, yet the
■i    operation of the laws, customs, pursuits, and fortunes of Massachusetts was of the same

(    ;    character in “ the district," as in that state.

I    In 1820, after much previous discussion, of the most deliberate    and    prudent kind, however,

J    a separation was effected by mutual arrangements, and a new state formed, taking    the ven-

j    erated name of Maine. The Hon. William King, one of its most distinguished    citizens,

and who had greatly exerted himself to benefit the country, was, with great unanimity,
elected their first governor. For the succeeding thirty years, the affairs of the state have
been managed with the regularity, consideration, and fidelity which a well-informed commu-
nity require of those whom their free suffrages raise to office. The cause of education has

I    *    Williamson's Hist. Maine, pp. 233, 234.

,    f    He was nephew of Robert, third Baron Rich, and first Earl of Warwick, whose son, of the same name,

i    was president for a time of the Plymouth Company, and in 1644 admiral of England under    the com-

1    monwealth. Camocks, the ancient residence of the family, was in Essex county, England.    Captain

Thomas Camock, a widower, father of the patentee, living in the family of the old Baron Rich, became
'    attached to his daughter
Frances, and, in consequence of the father's dislike of the match, carried her

,    !    off on horseback. They were pursued, were compelled to swim a river with difficulty, reached Maldon,

in Essex, and were there married — the old nobleman giving at length his blessing, seeing his    daughter

“ had ventured her life " for her husband. But he was observed to take it to heart until his    death, in

j    1581. Two sons and eleven daughters were the fruit of this marriage. Morant's Hist, of Essex, vol. i.

pp. 323, 408.

.    J    Williamson, Hist. M. vol. i. p, 236, who mistakes the relationship.    See    Burke's Extinct Peerage

of England, and Collins's Peerage, ed. of 1756.

§ Williamson, ut supra, p. 238.

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.