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68 UNITED STATES GAZETTEER.
[ Damariscove, and the Penobscot previously, and now asked for the exclusive trade of the
I Kennebec; on whose bank they established, in the subsequent year, (during which the im-
portant patent of Massachusetts Bay was issued,) a trading-house.*
1629. Thomas Commock, or rather CAMOCK,f obtained a patent for land between the
, in 16434
f In this year was also granted, with enlargements, the Kennebec or Plymouth patent,
I intended as an express favor to New Plymouth, for the encouragement of trade and the
j fishery, and for the propagation of religion. The area included in it is stated to have been
1,500,000 acres; but long disputes grew out of it, not settled before 1789.
1 1630. Grants were made by the Plymouth Council to settlers at Saco ; and another, much
I more extensive, being 40 miles square, and called Lygonia, in which Gorges was greatly con-
| i cerned, but still unsuccessful. It extended from Cape Porpoise to Cape Elizabeth.§
1 During this year was also granted the Museongus patent, known at an after period as that
S of Waldo, which included a tract of about 30 miles square. It was not intended for a
j ! separate government, but only for purposes of trade with the natives.
i | 1631. This year the Pemaquid patent was granted, and seems to have closed the series.
! j Of all these it may be said, probably, as of many if not most of the early grants, their boun-
; : daries could not be well defined, and therefore disputes would in time naturally arise concerning
| j them. Two territories soon came into notice — the Kennebec, or Maine, and the Sagadehoc,
! the eastern part of which was Acadian, and claimed by the French. The history of all these
j claims is given elaborately by Williamson, to whom our limits compel us to refer. They
' were not settled until the charter given by King William and Queen Mary, in 1691, united
■ them with Massachusetts under the same government.
; That state had, however, in the year 1677, purchased the entire claim of the Gorges
) family to Maine, for £1250 sterling, and established a government over it. It had also
i assumed, in 1689, the government of Western Sagadehoc, and in 1690, Sir W. Phips sub-
dued the remainder.
From this period the history of Maine is blended with that of Massachusetts ; and although,
until the conquest of Canada by the British and provincial arms, and peace of 1763, yet the
( ; character in the district," as in that state.
I In 1820, after much previous discussion, of the most deliberate and prudent kind, however,
J a separation was effected by mutual arrangements, and a new state formed, taking the ven-
j erated name of Maine. The Hon. William King, one of its most distinguished citizens,
and who had greatly exerted himself to benefit the country, was, with great unanimity,
I * Williamson's Hist. Maine, pp. 233, 234.
, f He was nephew of Robert, third Baron Rich, and first Earl of Warwick, whose son, of the same name,
i was president for a time of the Plymouth Company, and in 1644 admiral of England under the com-
1 monwealth. Camocks, the ancient residence of the family, was in Essex county, England. Captain
Thomas Camock, a widower, father of the patentee, living in the family of the old Baron Rich, became
, ! off on horseback. They were pursued, were compelled to swim a river with difficulty, reached Maldon,
in Essex, and were there married — the old nobleman giving at length his blessing, seeing his daughter
had ventured her life " for her husband. But he was observed to take it to heart until his death, in
j 1581. Two sons and eleven daughters were the fruit of this marriage. Morant's Hist, of Essex, vol. i.
pp. 323, 408.
. J Williamson, Hist. M. vol. i. p, 236, who mistakes the relationship. See Burke's Extinct Peerage
of England, and Collins's Peerage, ed. of 1756.
§ Williamson, ut supra, p. 238.
A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.
Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain
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