Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 201

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Hood's Canal, On. A long, narrow channel
extending S. W. from Admiralty Inlet.

Hood Mount, On. A high peak of the Cascade
range, situated S. from Columbia River.

Hooper's Island, Md. Situated in Chesapeake
Bay, oft' the S. W. coast of Dorchester co.

Horicon Lake, N. Y. See George, Lake.

Horn Island, Mi., lies in Pascagoula Bay, off
the coast of Jackson co.

Horn Lake Creek, De Soto co., Mi. A small
stream which flows through a lake of the same
name, and enters the Mississippi. •

Horse Head Creek, Johnson co., As., flows S.,
and empties into the Arkansas River.

Horse Island, Barnstable co., Ms. This island
is situated in Wellfleet Bay, at the mouth of
Blackish Creek.

Horse Race, N. Y. A name given to the Hud-
son, just before it leaves the Highlands, at its
lower entrance. The river here takes a sudden
turn of a mile to the E., and resumes its S.
course at Caldwell's Landing.

Hosmer's Ponds, Vt. See Craftsbury.

Hot Springs, Hot Spring co., As. There are
about fifty of these springs, which break out from
the W. side of a mountain, and flow into a small
creek, which, taking a S. course of 6 miles, emp-
ties into the Wachita River. The temperature
of the springs is from 110° to 150° Fahren-
heit. The cold Chalybeate Springs, situated 3
miles N. E. of the Hot Springs, are much fre-
quented by invalids. There are Sulphur Springs
in the same county, 30 miles N. W. from the
Hot Springs.

Houghton's Lake, Roscommon co., Mn., lies in
the W. interior of the county, and is one of the
head sources of Maskegon River.

Houghton Lake, Houghton co., Mn. Situated
on Keewaiwona Point, N. E. from Portage Lake,
with which it communicates.

Housatonic River, Ms. and Ct. The sources
of this river are in the towns of Lanesboro'
and Windsor, Ms. The main stream is formed
at Pittsfield, and thence passes
S. into Ct. After
watering the county of Litchfield in that state,
it separates the counties of New Haven and
Fairfield, and meets the tide water at Derby, 14
miles above its entrance into Long Island Sound.
The source of this stream is more than 1000 feet
above the ocean, and in its course of nearly 150
miles, it affords numerous mill sites. The vol-
ume of water is not very large, except in seasons
of freshet; but the scenery on the borders of the
river is exceedingly beautiful; and the cataract
at Canaan, Ct-, where the water falls perpendicu-
larly 60 feet, is well worthy the notice of travel-
lers. The Indian name of this river signifies
over the mountains.

Howland's or Superior Island, Cayuga co., N. Y.,
attached to the town of Conquest, is formed by
the dividing branches of Seneca River.

Ilubbardton River, Vt. This is a good mill
stream, rising from seVeral small ponds in Sud-
bury. It runs in a S. W. direction through Greg-
ory's Pond, in Hubbardton, through Benson, and
falls into East Bay in West Haven, after a course
of about 20 miles.

Hudson River, N. Y., has its sources in numerous
small streams which rise among the Adirondack
Mountains, west of Lake Champlain. It pursues
a straight course, almost directly south, for about
300 miles, until it enters the Atlantic through the
harbor of New York. This river is one of the
best for navigation, in proportion to its length, of
any in the United States. Notwithstanding it
flows through a mountainous region, it is navigable
for small sloops, and for steamboats of large size,
to Trov, 166 miles from "its mouth. The action
of the tides at the mouth of the Hudson, coming
in as they do from the ocean through the Narrows,
and from the Sound through the East River, is
such as to carry the swell of the river upwards, it
is said, at the rate of 15 to 25 miles an hour; so
that swift-sailing vessels, leaving New York at
new tide, with all things favorable, sometimes run
through to Albany with the same flood tide. The
river has three large expansions, or bays, as they
are called — Tappan Bay, Haverstraw Bay, and a
third between Fishkill and New Windsor. Tap-
pan Bay, or Tappan Sea, as it was formerly called,
commences at Piermont. about 20 miles from New
York, and extends northward to Teller's Point, a
distance of 10 miles, with an average width of 3
miles. In some places the width is full 5 miles.
Haverstraw Bay is also from 2 to 3 miles wide,
and 6 miles long, terminating on the north at
Verplank's and Stony Points. The passage of the
Hudson through the Highlands is among the most
romantic and sublime to be found any where upon
our navigable rivers. The Mohawk River, which
comes in from the west, at Waterford, about 10
miles north of Albany, is almost the only tributary
of the Hudson of any importance. Through ar-
tificial channels, however, its navigable waters are
connected with the great lakes at the west, and
with the St. Lawrence at the north. The great
Erie Canal unites the Hudson, at Albany, with
Lake Erie, at Buffalo, 364 miles distant, by the
route of the canal. The Champlain Canal unites
the river at Albany with the southern extremity
of Lake Champlain. The length of this canal is
72 miles. From Albany to West Troy, 8 miles,
the Champlain and Erie Canals are in conjunction
with each other. By the Delaware and Hudson
Canal, the Hudson is also united, at a point about
90 miles from New York, with the Delaware,
at the N. W. corner of New Jersey. Through
this communication immense quantities of coal
from the Lackawana district in Pennsylvania are
transported to New York. During the season of
navigation on the Hudson, numerous steamboats
leave New York every morning and evening for
the different places upon the shores of the river.
From about the 20th of March to the 1st of
December the bosom of this river presents the
appearance of a great thoroughfare of travel.
Steamboats of the largest class, nowhere excelled
for comfort, elegance, and speed, run back and
forth continually between New York and Albany
or Troy; making the trip of 150 or 160 miles in
from 10 to 12 hours running time, and touching
at all the principal places on the route, to land
and receive passengers. ' One of the most striking
and peculiar features of the scenery on the Hud-
son is that of the Palisades, a designation given
to a majestic range of columnar rock, varying in
height from 50 feet to 300 and even 400 feet, and
walling in the stream for about 20 miles from
Weehawken to Piermont. For a great part
of the distance, on the western shore, they rise
almost perpendicularly from the water's edge.
The shores of the Hudson between New York
and Albany are studded with bustling towns,
and beautiful villas, and country seats; which,
mingling with the bold and picturesque features
of the natural scenery, render the passage up and

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