Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 221

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Monomoy Island, Barnstable co., Ms. A long,
narrow island, lying off the town of Chatham.

Monongahela River, Pa. This river has its
source in Randolph co., Va., at the foot of the
Laurel Mts., and after flowing 300 miles in a N.
direction, unites with Alleghany River at Pitts-
burg, to form the Ohio. It is crossed by a bridge
at its mouth, where it is nearly 400 yards wide.
It is navigable for large boats 60 miles to Browns-
ville, and for small boats 200 miles from its
mouth. It is entered on its E. side by Cheat and
Youghiogeny Rivers, its principal tributaries.

Monroe, Lake, Orange co., Ea. A small lake
which is supplied by the waters of St. John's
River. On its S. border is Fort Mellon.

Montauk Point, N. Y., lies 140 miles E. from
the city of New York, and about 60 miles W. S. W.
from Gay Head light-house on Martha's Vine-
yard, Ms. Near this place are high and rugged
cliffs, against whose base the waves of the At-
lantic dash with almost continued violence, any
thing like a perfect calm being of rare occur-
rence. There is a sublimity and wildness, as well
as solitariness, here, which leave a powerful im-
pression on the heart. In a storm, the scene
which the ocean presents is awfully grand and
terrific. At this place are fine sea air and bath-
ing, and many resort here, during the summer
months, for health and pleasure. At the extrem-
ity of this point is a light-house, one of the most
important beacons to mariners on the American
coast. We copy the following beautiful lines,
descriptive of the place, written by Mrs. Sigour-
ney, the celebrated American poetess : —

“ Ultima Thule ! of this ancient isle,

Against whose breast the everlasting surge,

Long travelling on, and ominous of wrath,

Forever beats. Thou lift'st an eye of light
Unto the vexed and storm-tossed mariner,

Guiding him safely to his home again.

So teach us, 'mid our own sore ills, to wear
The crown of mercy, and, with changeless
Eye, look up to Heaven."

Montezuma or Cayuga Marshes, N. Y., extend
14 miles along the outlet of Cayuga Lake and
Seneca River. They are from 2 to 3 miles wide,
and in summer are covered with rank grass from
3 to 4 feet high.

Montgomery, Fort, N. Y. This old fortress,
and that of Fort Clinton, both on the W. side of
the Hudson River, 6 miles below West Point,
were memorable spots during the revolutionary

Montreal River. Tllis small river rises in small
lakes in La Pointe and Portage counties, flows
N. W. on the boundary between Wn. and Mn.,
and falls into Lake Superior.

Moore's Creek, N. J., falls into the Delaware
about 6 miles above Philadelphia.

Moose Mountain, N. H., is the name of a peak
situated between Middleton and Brookfield, and
also of a mountain' in Hanover. See
and Hanover.

Moose Lake lies in the town of Wilmurt, Her-
kimer co., N. Y., in an uncultivated and almost
uninhabited region of the state.

Moose River, Me. This large tributary to
Moosehead Lake rises in the W. part of Somer-
set co., and in its course flows through Atieh,
Woods, Brassua, and several other ponds.

Moose River, N. II. This stream rises on the
N. side of the White Mts., near the town of Ran-
dolph, through which it passes, and unites with
the Androscoggin in Shelburne.

Moose River, Vt., is an E. branch of the Pas-
sumpsic, and rises in Granby and East Haven.
Taking a S. W. course through Victory, Brad-
leyville, and a part of St. Johnsbury, it falls into
the Passumpsic, opposite St. Johnsbury Plain.
Length 24 miles.

Moose River, N. Y., rises in Hamilton co., flows
W., and enters Black River, a short distance
above High Falls, in Lewis co.

Moose Head Lake, Me. This lake, the outlet of
which is the source of Kennebec River, lies in the
county of Piscataquis. Its form is very irregular.
Its length is between 40 and 50 miles, and its
breadth, in the widest part, about 12 miles. The
tributaries are numerous, and flow from almost
every direction. It contains a number of islands,
the largest of which is Sugar Island, containing
5440 acres, and Deer Island, containing 2000
acres. These islands are fertile, as is the whole
country surrounding the lake, except in some
places where the banks are high and precipitous.
The waters are deep, and abound in trout of an
extraordinary size. It is remarkable that the
territory surrounding this inland sea, possessing
in rich abundance all the necessary requirements
for the uses and comforts of man, and within
three hundred miles of the capital of New Eng-
land, should be left a wilderness garden, unin-
habited and almost unexplored, while thousands
of New England men are pressing to distant
regions, less healthful, and
less productive, when
markets for surplus produce are considered. A
steamboat plies up and down the flake, for the
purpose of transporting passengers, more par-
ticularly those who are engaged in felling timber,
and for the purpose of towing the timber down
to the Kennebec outlet. The lumber business
on this lake is very extensive, and doubtless
lucrative ; but the time is not very distant when
this and other sections of Maine will be as much
valued for the fruits of the soil, and, under the
wise system of geological exploration, adopted
by the legislature, for the quarries of slate, lime,
granite, marble, and even coal, as they are now
for their forests of timber. This lake may be
divided into two bays. A little above the centre
of it is a narrow pass, of rather less than a mile
across. At this place, on the western side, is
Mount Keneo, an elevation of 500 or 600 feet,
projecting over the water. From this height a
picturesque view of the lake, its islands, and a
boundless wilderness, is presented.

Moosehillock Mountain, N. H., is a noble emi-
nence, in the S. E. part of Benton, and ranks
among the highest mountains in New England.
Baker's River rises on its E. side.

Mooseluckmaguntic Lake, Me., lies about 2 miles
S. of Molechunkamunk Lake, into which it

Moreau Creek, Mo., is formed in Cole co., by
the junction of its two forks, flows E., and
enters the Missouri River, a little above the

Morehouse Lake, N. Y., the head source of East
Canada Creek, lies in the town of Morehouse,
Hamilton co.

More's Hill, Goshen, Ms. Height 1713 feet.

Moriah, Mount, N. H., an elevated peak of the
White Mountains, situated in the S. part of Shel-

Mormon Creek, Crawford co., Wn. A small
branch of the Mississippi.

Morrison's Island, Colleton district, S. C., lies

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