Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 302

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Brandt, N. Y., Erie co. On the borders of Lake
Erie; bounded partly on the S. by Cattaraugus
Creek. Hilly. 20 miles S. from Buffalo, and
348 W. from Albany.

Brandywine, Pa., Chester co. Brandywine and
Beaver Creeks water this town.

Branford, Ct., New Haven co. An uneven
township, of strong soil, on Long Island Sound.
Thimble Islands and Indian Islands lie within the
limits of the town.

Brasher, N. Y., St. Lawrence co. St. Regis and
Deer Rivers water this town, the surface of which
is rolling, and a large part of the soil swampy,
abounding with bog iron ore. 30 miles N. E.from
Canton, and 250 N. N. W. from Albany.

Brasher Falls, N. Y., St. Lawrence co. The
II    falls of Deer River, at this place, afford extensive

' water power.

Brattleboro', Vt., Windham co., lies in ■ the
S. E. section of the state, having Connecticut
River for its E. boundary. It is 96 miles S.
from Montpelier, and 90 miles W. from Boston.
The surface of the town is diversified by hills,
valleys, and plains. It has a good soil, which is
generally well improved. The town and vicinity
are noted for their salubrious air, pure water,
and fine mountain scenery. It is intersected by
West River, Whetstone Brook, and numerous
smaller streams. There are many sites for water
power on the larger streams unoccupied, and in-
viting to enterprise.

At the S. E. section of the town is the site of
the once famous military post Fort Dummer,
nothing of which is now retained but the name,
Dummer Meadows. Here, in 1742, the first
English settlement in Vermont was effected.

There are in Brattleboro' two villages, the E.
and the W. The W. village is near the geograph-
ical centre of the town. Here is a flourishing
academy, and one or two meeting houses. The
E. village, which is the part of the town com-
monly known as Brattleboro', is on Connecticut
River, at the mouth of Whetstone Brook, which
affords a convenient landing-place for river craft.
Brattleboro' is here connected with Hinsdale, on
the New Hampshire side, by a handsome covered
bridge spanning the Connecticut River. This
village is the general business mart for the sur-
rounding towns. It is a place of much enterprise
and prosperity, and combines, in a remarkable de-
gree, the characteristics of taste andelegantculture
with those of natural wildness and rural beauty.

In this village is located one of the most exten-
sive v'ater-cure establishments in the country,
under the care of Dr. Wesselhoeft. The abun-
dance, purity, and even temperature of the waters
issuing here from natural springs in the hillsides,
the invigorating air and romantic scenery, render
this place peculiarly well adapted to the purposes
of such an institution.

The railroad connection is now complete from
Brattleboro' vrith all the southern, eastern, and
northern railroads.

Braxton County, Va., c. h. at Braxton. N.
W. central, on both sides of Elk River, a N.
tributary of the Kenhawa.

Braxton, Va., c. h. Braxton co. On the N.
side of Elk River. 321 miles W. N. W. from

Brazoria, Ts., c. h. Brazoria co.

Brazoria County, Ts., c h. at Brazoria. On the
Gulf coast, on both sides of the mouth of the

Brazos Santiago, Ts., Cameron co. A port a
N. of the mouth of the Rio Grande.

Brazos County, Ts., c. h. at Boonville. E.
central, in the angle between the Brazos and

Breaknock, Pa. A N. E. tovmship of Lan-
caster co. Watered by Big and Little Muddy
Rivers. Has a hilly surface and gravelly soil.

Breathitt County, Kv., c. h. at Breathitt. Sur-
face hilly and mountainous, and watered by the
N. and Middle Forks of the Kentucky River.
Soil good on the borders of the streams.

Breckenbridge County, Ky,, c.. h. at Hardensburg.
On the Ohio, about the middle of its course along
the state.

Bremen, Me., Lincoln co. On Muscongus Bay,
about 40 miles S. E. from Augusta, and 15 E. S.
E. from Wiscasset.

Brentwood, N. H., Rockingham co. The soil
is better for grass than grain. Exeter River, and
other smaller streams, water this town. Pick-
pocket Falls, on Exeter River, afford an excellent
w'ater power. Vitriol, combined with sulphur,
is found here. 32 miles
S. E. from Concord, and
4 E. from Exeter.

Brewer, Me., Penobscot co. On Penobscot
River, opposite Bangor.

Brewster, Ms., Barnstable co. Barnstable Bay
is on the N. of this town. From three ponds in the
town, covering about 1000 acres, a never-failing
stream issues. Peat of good quality abounds
here. Some parts of the soil are light and sandy,
others clay and loam. There is a convenient
breakwater for the accommodation of packets
and other small vessels, wrhere they lie in safety
at any season of the year. 78 miles S. E. from
Boston, and 13 E. from Barnstable.

Bridgeton, Me., Cumberland co. On the bor-
der of Long Pond, near the head
of navigation.

Bridgeton, N. J., c. h. Cumberland co. It
is situated on the Cohansic Creek, 40 miles S. S.
E. of Philadelphia. The creek is navigable
to the town for vessels of 101 tons, and it is con-
sequently a port of entry for the district of W.
Jersey. There are several manufacturing estab-
lishments which, with the shipping, give activity
to the business of the place.

Bridgewater, Ms., Plymouth co., contains some
of the best lands in Plymouth co. Taunton Riv-
er washes the southern border of the town. The
chief village is very pleasant, and is the seat of
considerable business. It lies 27 miles S. by E.
from Boston, and 20 W. by N. from Plymouth.
One of the State Normal Schools for teachers is

Bridgewater, N. H., Grafton co. 30 miles N.
W. from Concord.

Bridgewater, N. J., Somerset co. Surface level
or undulating, except on the N. E., w'here it is

Bridgewater, N. Y., Oneida co. Unadilla River
has its source in this town. The surface is hilly
and broken, vet well adapted to grazing, and in
some parts to the growth of grain. 15 miles
from Utica, and 110 W. from Albany.

Bridgewater, Vt, Windsor co. Surface uneven,
and in some parts rough and stony. Along the
Quechee River are tracts of valuable intervale,
and there are many good farms in other parts.
The summits of the hills are, in general, covered
with spruce and hemlock ; the timber, on other
parts, is mostly maple, beech, and birch. There
is an inexhaustible quarry of soapstone situated

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