Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 311

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ington co. On Hoosic River. 29 miles N. by
E. from Albany.

Busti, N.Y., Chautauque co. Ciiautauque Lake
and its outlet bounds this town on the N., which
is watered by several small streams flowing into
the lake. Surface hilly, and soil good. 324
miles S. of W. from Albany.

Butler County, Aa., c. h. at Greenville.
Bounded N. by Lowndes, E. by Pike and Coffee,
S. by Covington and Conecuh, and W. by Con-
ecuh, Monroe, and Wilcox counties. Watered
by branches of Conecuh River. Surface undu-
lating ; soil of pretty good quality.

Butler, Aa., c. h. Choctaw co. 80 miles S. of
W. from Columbia.

Butler County, Ky., c. h. Morgantown. Bounded
N. by Ohio and Grayson counties, E. by Ed-
monson, S. by Warren and Logan, and W. by
Muhlenburg county. Green River waters this

Butler County, Mo. On the S. E. border. The
Big Black River runs through it, and. the St.
Francis along its eastern border. A large part
of it is subject to annual inundation.

Butler, N. Y., Wayne co. Watered by some
small streams flowing into Lake Ontario. The
surface is rolling, the soil gravelly loam. 13
N. E. from Lyons, and 170 N. of W. from

Butler County, 0., c. h. at Hamilton. In the
S. W. corner. It is a very valuable farming
county, and is abundantly supplied with water
by the Great Miami River and several creeks.
The Miami Canal and the Miami and White-
water cross it; also two railroads running N.
from Cincinnati.

Butler County, Pa., c. li. at Butler. Western
part. Watered by Slippery Rock and Conne-
quenessing Creeks, branches of Beaver River.
The Alleghany River touches the N. E. and S. E.
corners. Surface uneven; soil well suited to
grain and grazing.

Butler, Pa. A township of Butler co.

Butler, Pa., c. h. Butler co. On Connequenes-
sing Creek. 203 miles N. N. W. from Harrisburg.
The place contains an academy, well endowed.

Butler, Pa. A township of Luzerne co.

Butts-County, Ca., c. h. at Butts City. Between
the Sacramento and Feather Rivers.

Butternuts, N. Y., Otsego co. Butternut Creek
and Unadilla River drain this town. The sur-
face is for the most part hilly. 25 miles
S. W.
from Cooperstown, and about 90 W. from Al-

Butts County, Ga., c. h. at Jackson. Central.

Buxton, Me., York co. This town is bounded
on the S. W. by Saco River, and N. by Gorham.
At this place the Saco falls about 80 feet, and
produces a great hydraulic power, which is partly
improved for manufacturing establishments. It
lies 8 miles N. W. from Saco, and 18 W. from

Byberry, Pa., Philadelphia co. Pogussing Creek
waters this town. Soil sandy loam. 113 miles
E. by S. from Harrisburg.

B'yfidd, Ms., Essex co. A parish in the
towns of Newbury and Rowley, watered by
Parker River, which affords good hydraulic
power. 35 miles
N. by E. from Boston. There
is an ancient academy here.

Byram, N. J., Sussex co. The Musconetcong
River bounds this town on the S. The surface
Is broken by South Mountain.

Byron, Me., Oxford co. New; taken from

Byron, N. Y., Genesee co. Watered by Black
Creek. This town contains several sulphur
springs. Surface level; soil generally produc-
tive. 10 miles N. E. from Batavia, and 277 N.
of W. from Albany.

CabaiTus County, N. C., c. h. at Concord. S.
central. Watered by Rocky, a branch of the
Yadkin River. Surface mountainous and broken;
soil fertile.

Cabell County, Va., c. h. at Barboursville. W.
part, on the Ohio River. Drained by Guyandott
and Big Sandy Rivers. Surface mountain-
ous and broken; soil mostly of an indifferent

Cabot, Vt., Caledonia co. This town lies on
the height of land between Winooski and Connec-
ticut Rivers. “ The Plain " is delightfully situ-
ated, having the Green and White Mountains in
prospect. Several branches of the Winooski water
this town, and afford it some waterpower. Here
is Jo and Molly's Pond, and a sulphur spring.
The surface is broken and hard, but good for
sheep. This is the birthplace of the late Zerah
Colburn, the celebrated mathematician. The set-
tlement of this town was commenced on what
is called
Cabot Plain, in April, 1785, by James
Bruce, Edmund Chapman, Jonathan Heath, and
Benjamin Webster, with their families. 10 miles
S. W. from Danville, and 20 N. E. from Mont-

Caddo Parish, La., c. h. at Shreveport. In the
N. W. corner. Red River runs along its E. border,
and Caddo Lake lies in the N, part. Surface
mostly level; soil of medium quality.

Cadiz, Ky., c. h. Trigg co. On a beautiful
eminence on the bank of Little River. 9 miles
from Cumberland River.

Cadiz, 0., c. h. Harrison co. Situated 114
miles E. N. E. from Columbus, and about 25
miles westerly either from Wheeling or Steuben-
ville, on the Ohio River. It is a flourishing in-
land town, with a handsome village, remarkably
well built and city like in its appearance. Be-
sides the county buildings, which are of brick, it
contains several handsome churches, of which the
principal are the Presbyterian, the Methodist, and
the Associate Reformed. This town was laid out
in 1803, when its site, like most of the surround-
ing country, was a forest; and its location was
determined by the connection here of two public
roads, from different sections of Pennsylvania and
Virginia, toward Central Ohio, which, before the
construction of the national road, afforded the
chief thoroughfares of western stage travel in this

Cahaba, Aa., c. h. Dallas co. On the right
bank of the Alabama River, immediately below
the mouth of the Cahaba, about 50 miles W.
from Montgomery, and 140 N. by E. from Mo-
bile. It has communication with these places by
steamboats plying constantly on the river.

Cairo, Is., Alexander co. Situated at the junc-
tion of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, 266 miles
S. from Springfield, 522 S. E. from Cincinnati,
and about 1000, by the course of the river, N.
from New Orleans. From a survey of the great
physical features of the western country, in con-
nection with a prospective estimate of the im-
mense resources of wealth which are to be rapid-
ly developed there, the locality of this place ap-

A Gazetteer of the United. States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

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