Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 317

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give this town an extensive water power. The
railroad bridge over one of the ponds and river at
this place is conceded to be the most elegant and
massive structure of masonry in the United
States. It cost the company $93,000. It is 615
feet in length, connected at intervals by buttresses
feet thick, extending transversely across the
walls, and projecting 4 feet beyond their faces.
Their elevation is crowned by segment arches
that support the coping,- surmounted by a para-
pet wall 3 feet 8 inches high. Near the bottom
are 6 large arches, for the passage of water, and
in another place is an arch still larger, through
which passes a town road. Erom the top of the
viaduct to the bottom of the pond, the distance
is about 70 feet. A branch railroad to Stough-
ton, 4 miles distant, enters the Boston and Prov-
idence Railroad near the viaduct. The Fowl
Meadows, a large portion of which are in Canton,
extend 7 miles in length, with varying breadth;
they contain excellent peat. 14 miles S. by W.
from Boston, and 6 S. E. from Dedham.

Canton, Mi., c. h. Madison co. 23 miles N. by
E, from Jackson.

Canton, N. Y., St. Lawrence co. Watered by
Grass and Oswegatchie Rivers, which are con-
nected at this place bv a natural canal 5 miles in
length. The surface is mostly level; soil strong
clay loam. Lead ore, and a fine white marble,
are found here. 206 miles N. W. from Al-

Canton, O., c. h. Stark co. In a fertile tract of
land, on the forks of Nimishillen Creek. 120 miles
N. E. from Columbus, on the Ohio and Pennsyl-
vania Railroad, and having railroad communica-
tion with Cleveland, Pittsburg, and Columbus.

Canton, Pa., Bradford co. The Tonawanda
Creek and its branches water this township, the
surface of which is hilly, and the soil gravelly
loam. 136 miles N. from Harrisburg.

Canton Pa., Washington co. Watered by
Chartier's Creek and its branches. Surface some-
what undulating; soil loam. Coal abounds.

Cape Elizabeth, Me., Cumberland co. On the
S> E. shore of Casco Bay, adjoining Portland.
One of the oldest towns in the state. It con-
tains a pond, which, upon being drained, dis-
closed a bed of peat, from which is made, by car-
bonization, the celebrated deodorizing powder.
The inhabitants are generally farmers.

Cape Girardeau, Mo., Cape Girardeau co. On
the W. bank of the Mississippi River, 10 miles
from Jackson, and 207 S. E. from Jefferson City.
A place of considerable trade.

Cape Girardeau County, Mo., c. h. at Jackson.
S. E. part, on the Mississippi. The head branches
of White River water this county, and iron and
other minerals are found here.

Cape Island, N. J., Cape May co. This favor-
ite watering-place is on the sea-shore, at the S.
extremity of the state, 108 miles S. from Tren-
ton. It has several large hotels and boarding
houses, and is much frequented in the summer
season. See
Fashionable Resorts.

Cape May County, N. J., c. h. at Cape May.
At the S. E. extremity. Watered on the N. by
Tuckahoe River, and contains several salt lakes,
formed by inlets from the sea. Surface level;
soil alluvial.

Cape May, N. J., c. h. Cape May co. 93 miles
S. from Trenton.

Cape Vincent, N. Y., Jefferson co. On the S.
tide of St Lawrence River. 190 miles N. W. from

Albany. Steam power is made use of for several

Carbon County, Pa., c. h. at Mauch Chunk. E.
part. Uneven and mountainous. Embraces the
valley of the Lehigh, in the middle part of its
course, which river passes through it from N. to
>S. The Lehigh coal comes from this county,
which includes the N. E. portion of the southern
anthracite coal field.

Carbondale, Pa., Luzerne co. On Lackawana
Creek. 35 miles N. E. from Wilkesbarre, and
160 N. N. E. from Harrisburg. This flourishing
place has sprung into existence within a few
years, in consequence of its location in the great
anthracite coal region. The Lackawana coal
mine is situated in the acclivity of a hill, and pre-
sents a front of pure coal 20 feet thick. The coal,
when quarried, is carried up several inclined
planes, by stationary steam engines, to an eleva-
tion 850 feet above the mine, whence it descends
again by a railway, 16 miles in length, to the canal
at Honesdale. Thence it goes to New York and
Philadelphia. Hundreds of thousands of tons of
coal are mined here, and sent to market, annually.
The place has five or six churches, and quite a
number of stores. About a mile from the village,
on Fall Brook, is a beautiful cascade of about 80
feet descent.

Cardington, 0., Marion co. About 18 miles. S.
E. from the seat of justice.

Carlinville, Is., c. h. Macoupin co. On the N.
side of Lake Fork of Macoupin River. 39 miles
S. S. W. from Springfield.

Carlisle, Is., c. h. Clinton co.

Carlisle, Ky., c. h. Nicholas co. On a small
branch of Licking River, E. N. E. from Frank-
fort 53 miles.

Carlisle, Ms., Middlesex co., was formerly a
district of Concord. It is watered, on its E.
boundary, by Concord River. The soil is not
very productive, and its surface is rough and
rocky. 5 miles N. from Concord, and 21 N. W.
from Boston.

Carlisle, N. Y., Schoharie co. The surface of
this town is hilly, abounding in caverns contain-
ing large quantities of aragonite, and sulphate of
barytes. 8 miles N. W. from Schoharie, and 36
W. from Albany.

Carlisle, Pa., c. h. Cumberland co. 15 miles
W. by S. from Harrisburg, on the Cumberland
Valley Railroad, which extends from Harrisburg
through this place to Chambersburg. It is regu-
larly laid out, with a spacious public square in
the centre, and wide streets crossing each other
at right angles. It is well built, mostly with brick
and stone. It has 9 or 10 churches. Dickinson
College is located here, and its buildings occupy
a commanding situation in the W. part of the
(See Colleges.) About half a mile from
the village are the United States barracks, built
in 1777, chiefly by the Hessians captured at Tren-
ton. The government have established a cavalry
school here. About 4 miles N. are the Carlisle
Springs, at which there are good accommodations
for visitors. The locality is retired, and sur-
rounded with the beautiful scenery of the Blue

Carlisle Springs, Pa., Cumberland co. So called
from the sulphur springs existing here. 19 miles
W. by S. from Harrisburg.

Carmel, Me., Penobscot co. 71 miles from Au-
gusta. See
Sowadabscook Stream..

Carmel, N. Y., c. h. Putnam co. It contains

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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