Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 323

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The following touching and truly eloquent
apostrophe to the monument is from the opening
of the address of Louis Kossuth, on the occa-
sion of the reception given to him in Monument
Square, by the authorities of Charlestown: —

“ My voice shrinks from the task to mingle
with the awful pathos of that majestic orator!
Silent like the grave, and yet melodious like the
song of immortality upon the lips of cherubim ;
— a senseless, cold" granite, and yet warm with
inspiration like a patriot's heart; — immovable
like the past, and yet stirring like the future which
never stops; — it looks like a prophet and speaks
like an oracle. And thus it speaks: —

“ ‘ The day I commemorate is the rod with
which the hand of the Lord has opened the well
of liberty. Its waters will flow. Every new
drop of martyr blood will increase the tide. Des-
pots may dam its flood, but never stop it. The
higher its dam, the higher the tide. It will over-
flow or break through. Bow, and adore, and

“ Such are the words that come to my ears ;
and I bow, — I adore, — I hope. In bowing, my
eyes meet the soil of Bunker Hill — that awful
opening scene of the eventful drama, to which
Lexington and Concord had been the preface.
The spirits of the past rise before my eyes. . . .
All the spirits of that most eventful victory, under
the name of defeat—I see them all. The eyes
of my soul are familiar with the spirits of the
martyrs of liberty. But those I see around me
have no sad, ghastly look ; they bear no gushing
wounds crying for revenge to the Almighty God ;
the smile of eternal bliss is playing around their
lips, and though dwellers of heaven, they like to
visit the place where their blood was spilt. It
was not spilt in vain. Their fatherland is free ;
and there is a joy in that thought adding ever a
new charm even to the happiness of blessed souls.
As the fabulous divinities of ancient Greece like
to rest from the charms of heaven on Mount
Olympus, so must the spirit of Warren like to
rest on the top of this monument here.

“ Martyrs of my country ! how long wall it yet
be till a like joy will thrill through your departed
1 When will the smile of that joy play
around your lips ? How long will yet the gush
of your wounds cry for revenge — your father-
land still bleeding, down-trodden, oppressed
Almighty Eather of mankind, let the day of thy
mercy be not too far ! "

The United States Navy Yard is the next object
of interest to the visitor in Charlestown. This is
situated at the foot of Bunker Hill, on a point of
land E. of the centre of the town, extending
along the harbor, from the mouth of Charles River
to the mouth of Mystic River. The site, including
about 100 acres of ground, was purchased by the
government in 1
800, at the cost of about $40,000.
On the side next the town, the yard is protected
by a wall of stone masonry, 16 feet high. On
the harbor, several wharves, and a dry dock, have
been constructed, with a strong sea wall through-
out the remainder of the line. The dry dock
is itself a stupendous work, which cost the gov-
ernment about
$675,000. It is built of beautifully
hammered granite, in the most workmanlike
and substantial manner; is
341 feet long, 80 feet
wide, and
30 feet deep. It was completed in 1833,
and the first vessel which was received into it was
the frigate Constitution.

There are in this yard four large shiphouses,
a rope walk of granite 1300 feet long, various
mechanic shops, storehouses, dwelling houses for
the dfflcers, marine barracks, and naval stores
to the value of $2,000,000. More or less ships
of war are at all tidies lying here in ordinary,
and two line of battle ships, the Vermont and
the Virginia, have been on the stocks in the ship-
houses for many years, ready to be got to sea at
any time in a few months, when required. Con-
nected with the navy yard, and under the gener-
al direction of the commandant, are a naval mag-
azine, and the finely-situated naval hospital, at

Charlestown contains also the state prison,
founded in 1800, which is situated at Prison Point,
near Charles River, in the W. part of the city.
This penitentiary, having been essentially im-
proved and extended in 1826, and again in 1850,
is one of the best-arranged and most successfully-
administered institutions of the kind in the coun-
try. The buildings are in the form of a cross,
having four wings, united to a central octagonal
building, three of which, for the convicts, are ca-
pable of any required extension, without disturb-
ing the central arrangements, or the unity of ar-
chitectural design. The interior arrangement
and discipline of this prison are upon what is
known as the “ Auburn plan."

The McLean Asylum was formerly in Charles-
town ; but by a division of the town, to constitute
the new town of Somerville, the site of that insti-
tution falls within the latter place. For a notice
of this excellent asylum, the reader is referred to
our account of the Massachusetts State Hospital,
under Boston.

The merchandise depot of the Fitchburg Rail-
road is located in Charlestown, near the Warren
Bridge. This is a large establishment, and des-
tined to be yet much more extended.

Charlestown is the proper seat of the ice
trade, which has now become a staple of New
England. The Charlestown Branch Railroad,
running to Fresh Pond, in Cambridge and Wa-
tertown, a distance of about 3 miles, was first
constructed for conveying the “ ice crop " from
this pond to the wharves in Charlestown, whence
it is exported in quantities, averaging 50,000 tons
a year, to the southern ports of the United States,
the West Indies, South America, England, and
the East Indies.

Charlestown was established as a city in 1847.
It has rapidly advanced in business and popula-
tion within a few years past. It is intimately
united with Boston by its situation, and conse-
quently, in its various commercial and manufac-
turing interests and pursuits.

Charlestown, N. H., Sullivan co. The only
rivers are the Connecticut and Little Sugar Riv-
ers. In the former, there are 3 islands, the largest,
Sartwell's Island, is 10 acres, and is well culti-
vated. The others are 6 acres each, and have a
rich, loamy soil. The soil is extremely various.
Cheshire Bridge connects this town with Spring-
field, Vt. Captain Phinehas Stevens was among
the first settlers. In 1747, he defended the fort so
gallantly from the French and Indians, that Sir
Charles Knowles presented him with an elegant
sword, and from this circumstance the township,
when it was incorporated, in 1753, took the name
of Charlestown. Bog iron ore and other miner-
als are found here. First settlers, several fami-
lies by the names of Parker, Farnsworth, and
Sartwell, from Groton, Ms. 51 miles W. from

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