these falls in the Mohawk, but also from its rela-
tive position in the vicinity of such cities as Al-
bany and Troy, and its extensive facilities of
communication, by the canals, the Hudson River,
and the railroads, with all parts of the country
north, south, east, and west.
The falls are in full view from the village, and
are seen with special advantage from a bridge,
800 feet long, just below, pouring down from a
height of 70 feet or more, between rocky walls of
coresponding elevation, and on one of the sides
rising above the cataract 100 feet still higher.
On the water power here developed, there are
already erected several large manufacturing
establishments, among which are cotton mills,
flouring mills, iron works, brass founderies, &c.;
and an almost incalculable capacity of further
application exists. The village contains 6 or 7
churches, some 20 stores, and a numerous popula-
tion. It is often visited to obtain a view of the
falls and of the romantic scenery connected with
them. It lies 8 miles N. from Albany, and about
the same distance W. by N. from Troy.
Cohultah Springs, Ga., Murray co. At the base
of Cohultah Mountain, and derives its name
from the valuable mineral springs within its
limits. 12 miles N. from Spring Place.
Colchester, Ct., New London co. This is a
pleasant town ; the site of Bacon Academy.
The surface of the town is uneven, with a strong
gravelly soil. Excellent iron ore is found here.
23 miles S. E. from Hartford.
Colchester, N. Y., Delaware co. Watered by
the Papacton branch of the Delaware. Surface
hilly and mountainous ; soil favorable to the
growth of grass. 101 miles S. W. from Albany.
Colchester, Vt., Chittenden co. There are two
small ponds in this town; the largest contains
about 60 acres. The principal streams are the
River Lamoille, Mallet's Creek, Indian Creek,
and Winooski River. The soil in the N. and N.
W. parts is a variety of gravel and loam. In the
middle part of the town is a large tract of pine
plain, mostly covered with pitch pine and small
oaks. On the bank of the Winooski River are
large tracts of intervale. The rocks in the N.
and E. parts are mostly composed of lime and
slate; red sandstone is found in abundance near
Mallet's Bay. Iron ore is found here.* The
settlement was commenced in 1774, at the Lower
Ealls, on Winooski River, by Ira Allen and Re-
member Baker. 36 miles N. W. from Montpelier,
and 6 N. from Burlington. Winooski village lies
in Burlington and Colchester.
Colden, N. Y., Erie co. Watered by Cazenove
Creek and some other small streams. The sur-
face is hilly, and the soil, although rather moist
and cold, is suitable for grass. 20 miles S. E.
from Buffalo, and 287 from Albany.
Cold Spring, N. Y., Putnam co. Picturesquely
situated among the Highlands, on the E. side of
Hudson River, 1 mile above West Point, and 100
S. from Albany. Various and extensive opera-
tions in manufactures are carried on here; the
principal of which are in iron and brass, steam
boilers, and locomotive engines.
Cold Spring, N. Y., Cattaraugus co. On both
sides of the Alleghany River, into which Cold
Spring Creek flows. The valleys are extensive,
and the rest of the surface hilly. 308 miles S.
of W. from Albany.
Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., Queen's and Suffolk
counties, in the towns of Oyster Bay and Hunt-
ington, at the head of Cold Spring Harbor.
186 miles S. byE. from Albany. This place has
considerable shipping, and also manufactories of
woollens and other goods.
Cold Water, Mn., c. h. Branch co. Watered
by Cold Water River and its branches. 110
miles W. S. W. from Detroit. On the South-
ern Michigan Railroad.
Colebrook, Ct., Litchfield co. An elevated
township, of a hard, gravelly soil, and uneven sur-
face, on the line of Massachusetts. The E. part
of the town is watered by Earmington River.
The village is very pleasant, having Mount Pis-
gah in the rear.
Colebrook, N. H., Coos co., is watered by the
Mohawk River and Beaver Brook. The soil is
rich ; intervales of good quality stretch along the
Connecticut. Eirst settlers, Sir George Cole-
brook and others. 35 miles N. from Lancaster,
and 140 N. from Concord.
Colebrookdale, Pa., Berks co. 73 miles E. from
Cole County, Mo., c. h. at Jefferson City. Cen-
tral. In the W. angle, at the junction of the
Osage with the Missouri River.
Colerain, Pa. A township of Bedford co.
Colerain, Pa., Lancaster co. 69 miles S. E.
Coleraine, Ms., Eranldin co., was first settled
about the year 1746. Part of the settlers were
Irish Presbyterians. This town was named in
honor of Lord Coleraine, of Ireland. It is finely
watered by two branches of North River, a tribu-
tary stream of Deerfield River. The surface of
this town is somewhat rough and uneven, yet it
contains much fine land. 9 miles N. W. from
Greenfield, and 99 W. N. W. from Boston.
Coles County, Is., c. h. at Charleston. E. part,
S. Watered by the Kaskaskia, Embarrass, and
the head branches of the Little Wabash River.
Surface slightly uneven; soil of good quality.
This county contains many fine mill sites.
Colesville, N. Y., Broome co. On both sides of
the Susquehanna River. The surface is mostly
hilly, and the soil of the valleys consists of rich
alluvion. 127 miles S. W. from Albany.
Colleton District, S. C., c. h. at Waterboro'. In
the S. angle on the Atlantic Ocean. Watered
by the Edisto and Combahee Rivers. Surface
level; soil fertile.
Collikoon, N. Y., Sullivan co. Watered by
Collikoon Creek and branches.
Collins County, Ts,, c. h. at McKinney. N. E.
part, on the head waters of Trinity.
Collins, N. Y., Erie co. Situated on the N.
side of Cattaraugus Creek, and watered by a
number of small streams. The surface is un-
even, and the soil various. 24 miles S. from
Buffalo, and 295 W. from Albany.
Collinsville, Ct., Hartford co. On both sides of
Earmington River. 15 miles W.by N. from Hart-
ford, in the town of Canton.
Colorado County, Ts., c. h. at Columbus. S.
central. On both sides of the Colorado.
Columbia, Ct., Tolland co. Taken from Leb-
anon in 1800. Watered by a branch of the
Willimantic. The surface is uneven; the soil
hard and gravelly, but excellent for grazing.
Columbia County, Fa., c. h. at Lancaster. N. E.
part. Watered by the Suwanne River, which
bounds it on the W., by>St. Mary's River, and by
Randolph Lake, a sheet of water 7 miles long
and 5 wide. Gadsden's Spring, celebrated for