Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 365

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the interior. Its principal riches are its mineral
productions, in which it surpasses any county in
the state. Iron ore of different kinds, graphite, and
marble are among the most important deposits.

Essex. N. Y., Essex co. On the W. border of
Lake Champlain. Watered by Boquet River.
The surface is hilly; soil good on the E. part.
10 miles N. E. from Elizabethtown, and 135 N.
N. E. from Albany.

Essex County, Yt., c. h. at Guildhall. This coun-
ty is bounded N. by Canada, E. and S. by Con-
necticut River, which separates it from Coos
co., N. H,, S. W. by Caledonia co., and W.
by Orleans co. This county is the least popu-
lous in the state, with the exception of Grand
Isle co. The settlements are mostly confined
to the towns lying along Connecticut River.
The county is in general very uneven, and the
soil rocky and unproductive. It comprehends
that part of the country called Upper Coos, which
lies on the west side of Connecticut River. Nul-
hegan River is the principal stream, which is
wholly within the county. This and several
smaller tributaries of the Connecticut water the
eastern parts. Passumpsie, Moose, and Clyde
Rivers, and several streams, water the other parts.
Essex co. presents a great variety of magnifi-
cent scenery.

Essex, Yt., Chittenden co. There are no
mountains, and but few hills in this township.
S. and W. parts are timbered principally
with pine. The soil is dry and sandy, but pro-
duces good rye and corn. The remaining part
of the township is timbered with hard wood, and
is more natural to grass. Winooski River wash-
es the
S. boundary. In tbis river are two falls.
The lower, called Hubbell's Falls, afford several
valuable mill privileges. Brown's River, Ste-
ven's, Alder, and Crooked Brooks are considerable
streams. On Winooski River are beautiful tracts
of intervale. The first permanent settlement
was made in 1783, by Messrs. Smiths, Winchels,
and Willard. The settlers were principally from
Salisbury, Ct. 7 miles N. E. from Burling-
ton. The Yermont Central Railroad passes
through the town.

Essex County, Ya., c. h. at Tappahannock.
Bounded N. and E. by the Rappahannock River,
separating it from King George, Westmoreland,
and Richmond counties, S. by Middlesex co.,
and W. by King and Queen, and Caroline coun-
ties. Surface rather uneven; soil fertile on the
streams, but elsewhere sandy and sterile.

Estill County, Ky., c. h. at Irvine. Bounded N.
by a branch of the Kentucky River, separating it
from Clark co., E. by Montgomery and Owsley
counties, and S. and W. by Madison co. Drain-
ed by the Kentucky River and its tributaries.

Estillville, Ya., c. h. Scott co. On Moccassin
Creek, a branch of Clinch River. W. by S. from
Richmond 344 miles.

Etna, Me., Penobscot co. A farming town.
63 miles N. E. from Augusta.

Eugene, la., Vermilion co. On the S. side of
Big Vermilion River, 1^ miles from the Wabash
River, and 85 miles W. from Indianapolis. The
river is navigable for steamboats to this place.

Eutaw, Aa., c. h. Greene co.

Eulalia, Pa., Potter co. The E. branch of Sin-
nemahoning River and its tributaries water this
town. Surface hilly; soil vegetable mould and
loam. 187 miles N. N. W. from Harrisburg.

Evans, N. Y., Erie co. On the border of Lake

Erie. Watered by Big and Little Sister Creeks
and some other small streams. The surface
is hilly; the soil very productive. 16 miles
S. from Buffalo, and 293 W. from Albany.

Evansville, la., c. h. Yanderburg co. On the
N. bank of the Ohio River, at the great North
Bend, below the mouth of Green River, and 172
miles S. W. by W. from Indianapolis.

Evesham, N. J., Burlington co. Watered by
Rancocus and Haines's Creeks and the head
branches of Little Egg Harbor. Surface level;
soil chiefly good sandy loam. 34 miles S. from

Exeter, Me., Penobscot co. A good farming
town. 65 miles N. N. E. from Augusta.

Exeter, N. H., Rockingbam co. The compact
part of the town lies about the falls, which sep-
arate the fresh from the tide water of a branch of
the Piscataqua, known by the name of Exeter
River. Above the falls, this stream assumes the
name of Great River. At the falls are several
large manufacturing establishments, and me-
chanical operations are largely carried on in
the town. The soil is good, though various.
Phillips Academy, in Exeter, was founded by
the liberal donations of John Phillips, LL. D.,
in 1781. Exeter has at all periods of its his-
tory possessed eminent and useful men. Some
of the first lawyers and jurists, antiquarians and
scholars, have received their early education at
its literary institution. The village is handsome,
and affords a pleasant place of residence. The
Maine Railroad passes through it. First set-
tlers, John Wheelwright and others, in 1638. 40
miles S. E. by E. from Concord, and 14 S. W.
from Portsmouth.

Exeter, N. Y., Otsego co. Watered by Cana-
deraga Lake, Butternut and Wharton's Creeks,
and several other small streams. The surface is
elevated and hilly ; soil well adapted to grazing.
10 miles N. W. from Cooperstown, and 78
from Albany.

Exeter, Pa., Berks co. Drained by Manokesy
and Roush Creeks, tributaries of the Schuylkill
River. Surface hilly or undulating ; soil tolera-
bly fertile.

Exeter, Pa., Luzerne co. Drained by Gardner's
Creek and Cascade Run, tributaries of the Sus-
quehanna River, which bounds it on the N. E.,
and is traversed by the Shawney Mountains, on
the E. side of which are found beds of anthracite
coal. The soil is very fertile. The S. part of
this town was the scene of the celebrated battle
of Wyoming, fought in 1778.    129 miles N. N.

E. from Harrisburg.

Exeter, R. I., Washington co. This is an agri-
cultural and manufacturing town. The town is
very large, being 12 by 5 miles. The surface is
much diversified by hills and valleys ; the soil is
a gravelly loam, and very productive of all the
varieties common to the climate. The products
of the dairy are considerable. Branches of Wood
River give this town a good water power. 24
miles S. W. from Providence.

Fabius, Mo., Marion co.

Fabius, N. Y., Onondaga co. This town is
drained by the head branches of Tioughnioga
River. The surface is hilly; the soil favorable
to the growth of grass. Remains of ancient fortifi-
cations are found here. 20 miles S. E. from Syra-
cuse, and 121 W. from Albany.

Fairfax, Yt., Franklin co. The surface is

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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