Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 405

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feet in length between the abutments, and 30 feet
high. Through suitable guard gates the water
is admitted to the canals, which are 140 feet wide
and 15 feet deep. The power being divided be-
tween two levels, the whole water may be used
twice. The length of the two canals, when fully
extended, will he about 7000 feet each, with a
raceway of the same dimensions; and every 1000
feet of the canals will supply convenient location
for four mills.

The Hadley Falls Company have erected two
large mills, each 268 feet long, 68 feet wide, and
5 stories in height; one of which contains about

19.000 spindles, w'ith looms for the manufacture
of heavy cotton goods; and the other about

30.000 spindles, with looms for the manufacture
of fine lawns and muslins. Their machine shop
is 448 feet long, 60 feet wide, and 3 stories high,
besides a large furnace and blacksmith's shop, and
is filled with machinery and tools of the best
description. A large number of brick boarding
houses of the first class, offices, storehouses, &c.,
have been erected by the company, besides nu-
merous dwelling houses and stores by the increas-
ing population of the place.

On a finely-elevated portion of the plot, lying
W. of the canals and mills, and exempt from all
annoyance by the business operations of the
place, is that portion of the town which is occu-
pied with dwellings, hotels, churches, and other
public buildings. This is laid out, with beautiful
regularity, into public squares and streets, at right
angles with each other. A hotel has been erected
162 feet in length, and 4 stories high, well ar-
ranged and conveniently situated for the accom-
modation of visitors; and houses, stores, churches,
and buildings of every description required by
the inhabitants, are being rapidly multiplied.

The town is supplied with water for the use of
the inhabitants, from a reservoir constructed on
the most elevated ground, into which the water
is raised by a forcing pump, operated by a water
wheel at the dam. The reservoir has a capacity
of two and a half millions of gallons.

The Connecticut River Railroad passes through
the place, and the greatest part of it is built at
such an elevation as to allow the avenues of the
town to pass beneath ; thus avoiding the danger
and inconvenience of a railroad on the same grade
with the streets. A continuous railroad com-
munication is open through this place to Mon-
treal on the N. and New York on the S., to Boston
on the E., and to the great lakes on the W.

The great amount of water power here avail-
able, the convenience of its development and
application, and the admirable situation of the
town, are advantages which render Holyoke one
of the most desirable locations for the establish-
ment of manufactures in the country.

Homer, La., c. h. at Claiborne.

Homer, N. Y., Cortland co. Watered by
Tioughnioga River and some of its branches.
The surface is level; soil fertile sandy and clay
loam. 5 miles N. from Cortland, and 141 W.
from Albany.

Honeoye Falls, N. Y., Monroe co. On Honeoye
Creek, which has a perpendicular descent of 30
feet in the centre of the village. W. by N. from
Albany 214 miles. Here are numerous manu-
factures, and an extensive quarry of fine building

Honesdale, Pa., Wayne co. A flourishing place
on Lackawaxen Creek. 172 miles N. E. from

Harrisburg. At the junction of the Lackawaxen
Railroad with the Delaware Canal.

Hooksett, N. H., Merrimae co. The River Mer-
rimac passes through this town. Hooksett Falls
are here; the descent of water is about 16 feet in
30 rods. From an eminence called the Pinnacle
there is a delightful landscape. There is a pleas-
ant village on the W. side of the river. Over
the river, at this place, are two bridges, one of
which is for the Concord Railroad. Hooksett
Canal is in this town. It is a quarter of a mile
in length. 8 miles S. S. E. from Concord, and 9
N. from Manchester by the Concord Railroad.
It is already a flourishing manufacturing place,
though much of the water power remains unem-

Hoosic, N. Y., Rensselaer co. Drained by
Hoosic River and some of its branches. The
surface is hilly; soil well adapted to grazing. 22
miles N. E. from Troy, and 28 N. E. from Albany.

Hoosic Falls, N. Y., Rensselaer co. On both
sides of Hoosic River, which falls 40 feet at this
place, affording fine privileges. N. E. from Al-
bany 35 miles.

Hope, Me., Waldo co. A good township. 44
miles E. S. E. from Augusta.

Hope, N. J., Warren co. Watered by a branch
of Beaver Brook. 66 miles N. by W. from Tren-

Hope, N. Y.,. Hamilton co. The Sacandaga
River flows through this town, the surface of
which is somewhat hilly, and the soil rather
sterile, except in the valley of the Sacandaga.
15 miles S. E. from Lake Pleasant, and 60 N. N.
W. from Albany.

Hopewell, N. J., Cumberland co. Bounded on
the E. and S. by Cohansey Creek, and drained
by Mount's and Mill branches of Cohansey
Creek. Surface undulating ; soil clay loam.

Hopewell, N. Y., Ontario co. The outlet of
Canandaigua Lake and some of its tributaries
water this town. Surface rolling; soil clay loam
upon a basis of lime. 5 miles E. from Canandai-
gua, and 190 E. by N. from Albany.

Hopewell, Pa., Cumberland co. A hilly town,
with a slaty soil. 21 miles W. from Carlisle.

Hopewell, Pa., Bedford co. Watered by the
Rayston branch of the Juniata River and its
tributaries. Surface mountainous, containing
abundance of bituminous coal; soil calcareous
loam in the valleys. 15 miles N. E. from Bed-
ford, and 104 W. from Harrisburg.

Hopewell, Pa., Huntingdon co. A mountain-
ous town; soil calcareous loam in the valleys.
13 miles S. W. from Huntingdon.

Hopewell, Pa., Washington co. Brushy Run,
and Buffalo and Cross Creeks, water this town.
Surface hilly; soil loam. 12 miles N. W. from

Hopewell, Pa., York co. Watered by the head
branches of Deer Creek. Surface undulating;
soil a rich loam. 14 miles S. E. from York.

Hopkins County, Ky., c. h. at Madisonville. W.
part of the state. Has the Green River on its
northern border.

Hopkins County, Ts., c. h. at Tarrant.

Hopkinsville, Ky., c. h. Christian co. On the
E. side of Little River. 204 miles S. W. from

Hopldnton, Ms., Middlesex co. This town was
first settled about 1710, and named in honor of
Edward Hopkins, a donor to the funds of Harvard
University. Its Indian name was Maguncook.

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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