Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 411

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tawba and Caldwell counties. Watered on the S.
W. border by Catawba River, and drained by
branches of the South Yadkin.

Irondequoit, N. Y., Monroe co. Bounded on
the N. by Lake Ontario, E. by Irondequoit Bay,
and W. by the Genesee River. The surface is
chiefly level; soil gravelly and sandy loam. 5
miles N. from the city of Rochester, and 220 W.
by N. from Albany.

Iroquois County, Is., c. h. at Montgomery.
Bounded N. by Will co., E. by Indiana, and S. and
W. by Vermilion co. Watered by the Iroquois
River and branches, Kankakee River, and Sugar
and Spring Creeks. Much of the land is fertile

Irvine, Ky., c. h. Estill co. On the N. side of
Kentucky Hiver. 68 miles S. E. from Frankfort.

Irwin County, Ga., c.h. at Irwinville. Bounded
N. by Dooly, Pulaski, and Telfair, E. by Telfair
and Ware,
S. by Lowndes, and W. by Baker and
Lee counties. Watered by the head branches of
Santilla, Alapahaw, Withlacoochee, and Oclock-
ony Rivers ; the Ockmulgee River also runs along
its N. E. boundary.

Irwin, Pa., Venango co. This is a level town,
watered by Scrub Grass Creek; soil loam. 12
miles S. W. from Franklin.

Irwinsville, Ga., c. h. Irwin co. On the E. side of
Alapahaw River. 105 miles S. from Milledgeville.

Irwinton, Ga., c. h. Wilkinson co. 4 miles W.
from the Oconee River, between Commissioner's
and Big Sandy Creeks, and 20 miles S. from Mil-

Isle La Motte, Vt., Grand Isle co. An island
in Lake Champlain, in the western part of the
county. It was chartered by this name to Ben-
jamin Wait and others, October 27, 1789. The
settlement was commenced about the year 1785,
and the town was organized about the year 17 90.
There are no streams on the island. A marsh
extends across it, which abounds with excellent
cedar. The rocks are limestone. 28 miles N. W.
from Burlington, and 13 nearly W. from St. Al-

Isle of Wight County, Va., c. h. at Isle of Wight.
Bounded on the N. by Surry, and on the E. by
Nansemond counties, on the N. E. by James Riv-
er, separating it from Warwick, and W. by Black-
water River, separating it from Southampton.

•Islesboro\ Me., Waldo co., comprises several isl-
ands in Penobscot Bay. 56 miles E. from Augusta.

Islip, N. Y., Suffolk co. Washed on the S. by
the Great South Bay. Surface level; soil light
and sandy. 28 miles W. from Riverhead, and

197 S. S. E. from Albany.

Issaquena County, Mi., c. h. at Tallulah. New.

Italy, N. Y., Yates co. Watered by Flint
Creek, aud on the N. W. by Canandaigua Lake.
Surface somewhat hilly; soil clay loam upon a
basis of slate. 15 miles W. from Penn Yan, and

198 from Albany.

Itasca County, Ma., includes the sources of the

Itawamba County, Mi., c. h. at Fulton. Bounded
N. by Tishamingo co., E. by Alabama, S. by Mon-
roe co., and W. by Pontotoc. Surface slightly
uneven, and watered by the head branches of the
Tombigbee River; soil fertile.

Ithaca, N. Y., shire town of Tompkins co., lies
at the head of Cayuga Lake, 170 miles
W. by S.
from Albany, and 277 miles, by railroad, N.
from New York. The lake extends S. into the
town about 2 miles. Around its head are fine
alluvial flats, containing about 3000 acres. Back
of these flats the hills rise gradually, on three
sides, to an elevation of about
500 feet, exhibiting
some of the most magnificent scenery, especially
as the landscape presents itself to the eye upon
the lake. Back of the hills the surface is undu-
lating, and the soil of excellent quality. Several
considerable streams, which drain the township,
pour their waters over the hills in their course
towards the lake : and by their beautiful cascades
and stupendous cataracts, add much to the pic-
turesque features of the scenery. The largest of
these are the Cascadilla, Fall Creek, and Six
Mile Creek. The Cascadilla, in one place, tum-
bles over a succession of ledges, in the form of a
gigantic stairway, through a descent of 100 feet.
Near the N. end of the village, Fall Creek de-
scends over rocks, within a distance of one mile,
438 feet; in the course of which the whole sheet
of water is at once precipitated over a perpendic-
ular fall of
116 feet.















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The village of Ithaca, founded about 1800, by
Simeon De Witt, surveyor general of the state,
and incorporated in
1821, is very beautifully sit-
uated, about a mile and a half above the head
of the lake. Small vessels and steamboats can
come up to the village by the Cayuga Inlet. It
lies partly on the alluvial plain, and partly on the
rising acclivities behind it. It is handsomely laid
out, having two or three fine avenues running
from the lake to and through the village, and
forming a part of the streets, which are numerous,
and cross each other at right angles. The houses
are tastefully and neatly built; and many of the
streets are lined with beautiful shade trees, form-
ing vistas which open charming views of the ad-
jacent hills. That portion of the place which
lies upon the hill commands a fine view of the
lake, the valley, the inlet, and the surrounding
country, which is highly cultivated.

Within the chartered limits of Ithaca, there ex-
ists hydraulic power equal to any in the state, for
extent and facility of application. The water
power on Fall Creek alone, it is said, is capable
of operating
133,000 spindles, at all seasons of the
year. There are at present on this and the other
streams which pass by Ithaca into the lake, sev-
eral large manufacturing establishments, among
which are cotton and woollen mills, flouring mills,
furnaces and machine shops, plaster mills, and
mills for the manufacture of paper, sashes and
blinds, oil, tobacco, &c.

This place is very advantageously situated for
trade. By means of Cayuga Lake, and the Cayu-'
ga and Seneca Canal, it communicates with the
Erie Canal. A beautiful steamboat for conveying
passengers, runs daily on the lake, from Ithaca to
Cayuga Bridge, a distance of
42 miles, where it
meets the railroad from Albany to Buffalo. A
railroad extends S.
29 miles to Owego, on the
Susquehanna River, where it intersects the Great
Erie Railroad, and thus opens a continuous rail-
road communication from Ithaca to Jersey City,
opposite New York.

Izard County, As., c. h. at Athens. Bounded
N. by Fulton co., E. and S. by Lawrence, Inde-
pendence, and Yan Buren, and W. by Searcy co.
Watered by White River and its tributaries, and
by some streams flowing into the Big Black.

Jacinto, Mi., c. h. Tishamingo co. At the head
of Tuscumbia Creek.
233 miles N. N. E. from

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