Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 439

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very rich on the streams. Gold dust of a superior
quality is found here.

Lunenburg, Ms., Worcester co. This was
originally a part of “ Turkey Hills,'' or Fitch-
burg, and was so called in compliment to George
II, or to his title of Duke of Lunenburg. Many
of the first settlers were emigrants from Scot-
land and Ireland. The soil is fertile. Though
the land is generally high, yet by reason of its
cohesive texture, and having a clayey stratum
within a few feet of its surface, it retains moisture
sufficient for vegetation through the whole sum-
mer, unless in seasons of severe drought, There
are 3 handsome ponds, but the town is singularly
destitute of water power. Lunenburg is a flour-
ishing town, with a pleasant village near its cen-
tre. This village is 5 miles N. W. from Shirley
depot, on the Fitchburg Railroad, and 37 from

Lunenburg. Vt,, Essex co. On the W. side of
Connecticut River, and watered by Neal's Branch
and Pond, and Catbow Branch, good mill
streams. Some of the land is very good, but the
most of it is stony. It is good for grazing.
This town was probably settled as early as 1770.
13 miles S. from Guildhall, and 55 N. E. by E.
from Montpelier.

Lunenburg County, Va, c. h. at Lewistown. It
is bounded N. by Nottoway River, separating it
from Prince Edward and Nottoway counties, E.
by Dinwiddie and Brunswick counties, S. by
Meherin River, separating it from Mecklenburg,
co, and W. by Charlotte co. Drained by small
6treains flowing into Nottoway and Meherin

Lunenburg, Va, c. h. Lunenburg co. 78 miles
S. W. from Richmond.

Lurgan, Pa, Franklin co. Watered by the N.
and S. branches of Conedogwinit Creek. Sur-
face mostly slaty valley land. 13 miles N. from

Luray, Va, c. h. Page co. It is situated
on Ilawksbill Creek. 130 miles N. W. from

Luzerne, N. Y, Warren co. On the E. side of
the Hudson River, and watered by a chain of
small lakes extending from Lake George to the
Hudson. It is a hilly town, the E. part being
covered by the Palmertown Hills. 6 miles S. W.
from Caldwell, and 55 N. from Albany.

Luzerne County, Pa, c. h. at Wilkesbarre.
Bounded N. by Wyoming and Susquehanna
counties, E. by Wayne and Monroe, S. by Car-
bon and Schuylkill, and W. by Northumberland,
Columbia, and Lycoming counties. Watered by
Susquehanna and Lehigh Rivers. The surface
is much diversified, and anthracite coal is abun-
dant ; soil fertile in the valleys.

Luzerne, Pa, Fayette co. In the great bend of
the Monongahela River, which bounds it N. and
W. It is also watered by Dunlap's Creek. Sur-
face level; soil calcareous loam. 12 miles N. W.
from Uniontown.

Lycoming County, Pa, c. h. at Williamsport.
Bounded N. by Tioga and Bradford counties, E.
bv Wyoming and Luzerne, S. by Columbia,
Nfortliumberland, and Union, and W. by Clinton
co. Watered by the W. branch of the Susque-
hanna and its tributaries. A canal passes
through this county, and unites with the Penn-
sylvania Canal at the mouth of the Juniata.
Surface rough and mountainous; soil fertile in
the valleys.

Lycoming, Pa, Lycoming co. Watered bj
Lycoming Creek, a branch of the Susquehanna
River. Surface mostly mountainous; soil rich
calcareous loam in the valleys.

Lykens, Pa, Dauphin co. Wiconisco, Little,
and Mahantango Creeks water this town. Sur-
face mountainous, containing coal; soil red shale.
26 miles N. from Harrisburg.

Lyman, Me, York co. This is a pleasant town,
watered by several ponds, which empty, some
into the Saco, and others into the Kennebunk
and Mousum. It lies 87 miles S. W. from Au-
gusta, 5 E. from Alfred, and 6 N. N. W. from

Lyman, N. II, Grafton co, is situated on Con-
necticut River. Lyman's Mountain is in this
town: from it the N. W. branch of Burnham's
River has its source. There are several ponds
in the E. part of Lyman, through the largest of
which Burnham's River has its course. The
lower bar of Fifteen Mile Falls is in this town.
Carleton's Falls are several miles below; and
below these is Stevens's Ferry, which communi-
cates with Barnet. The scenery in this town is
wild and romantic. Lyman was granted, in 1761,
to a number of proprietors, of whom was Daniel
Lyman, from whom it probably received its name.
13 miles N. from Haverhill, and 100 N. E. from

Lyme, Ct, New London co. Lyme is situated
at the mouth of Connecticut River, on the E.
side, opposite to Saybrook. It is a pleasant
town, generally of good soil, but greatly diversi-
fied in regard to surface ; some parts are moun-
tainous and rocky, while others are level, with
large tracts of salt meadow. The town is watered
by several streams and ponds, and the shores on
the sound and river are indented by small bays
and harbors, which afford the town some naviga-
ble privileges. There are several neat villages in
the town. Incorporated 1667. Its Indian name
Nehantic. Among the first settlers was Mat-
thew Griswold, the ancestor of .two governors, and
of a numerous and highly respected family in the
state. 40 miles S. E. from Hartford.

Lyme, N. H, Grafton co. The soil here is
similar to that of other towns on Connecticut
River, with this difference, that there is a less
proportion of intervale, and a less difference be-
tween that directly adjoining the river and the
other parts of the town. Three small streams
pass through the town. There are two small
ponds; the largest is called Port's. Here is an
elevation called Smart's Mountain. The town
received its name from Lyme, Ct. First settlers,
Walter Fairfield, John and William Sloan, and
others, from Connecticut. 20 miles S. from
Haverhill, and 55 N. W. from Concord.

Lyme, N. Y, Jefferson co. Watered by Chau
mont and St. Lawrence Rivers, and comprises
Fox and Grenadier Islands, lying in Lake On-
tario, which bounds the town on the S. Surface
slightly uneven; soil fertile sandy and marly
loam. 12 miles W. from Watertown, and 17S
N. W. from Albany.

Lynchburg, Ya., Campbell co. On the S. side of
James River, 20 miles below its passage through
the Blue Ridge, and 116 W. from Richmond. The
Janies River and Kanawha Canal is in operation
between this place and Richmond, with five pack-
et boats for passengers, leaving and arriving every
day except Sundays. The town is handsomely
situated, on ground ascending from the river in

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain ima

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