Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 459

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soil mpstly my fertile, being particularly adapted
to the growth of wheat. Iron ore, gypsum, marl,
and sulphur springs are abundant. The Erie
and Genesee Valley Canals form a junction at
Rochester; also the Auburn and Rochester and
Tonawanda Railroads.

Monroe, N. Y., Orange co. The Ramapo River,
a branch of the Passaic, waters this town. Sur-
face hilly and broken, being partly covered by
the Highland range, and abounding in some
places with iron ore. 14 miles S. E. from Go-
shen, and 117 S. S. W. from Albany.

Monroe County, O., c. h. at Woodsville. Bel-
mont co. is on the N., Washington on the S.,
Morgan on the W., and the Ohio River on the
E. The most important streams are Little Mus-
kingum, Sunfish, Duck, and Wills Creeks. The
soil is good. In some parts the land is level, in
others hilly and rough. Stone coal and iron ore
are found in great plenty.

Monroe County, Pa., c. h. at Stroudsburg.
Bounded N. by Wayne and Pike counties, E. by
the Delaware River, separating it from New Jer-
sey, S. by Northampton and Carbon, and W. by
Carbon and Luzerne counties. Bounded N. W.
by the Lehigh, and drained by branches of Le-
high and Delaware Rivers. Surface rough and
hilly; soil fertile.

Monroe, Pa., Cumberland co. Yellow Breeches
Creek waters this town, affording hydraulic power.
Surface level; soil calcareous loam. 7 miles S. E.
from Carlisle.

Monroe County, Te., c. h. at Madisonville.
Bounded N. by Roane co., E. by the Tennessee
River, separating it from Blount co., S. E. and
S. by North Carolina, and W. by Polk and Mc-
Minn counties. Drained by tributaries of the

Monroe County, Va., c. h. at Union. Bounded
N. by Greenbrier co., E. by Alleghany and Bote-
tourt, S. by Giles co., and W. by New River,
separating it from Mercer co. Drained by Green-
brier River. Surface elevated and mountainous,
the Alleghany range traversing the E. part; soil
fertile calcareous loam, particularly adapted to

Monroe, Wn., c. h. Greene co. Watered by a
branch of Pekatonica River. 81 miles S. from

Monroeville, 0., Huron co. On Huron River.
Connected with Sandusky City by railroad. 97
miles N. from Columbus. The river affords
good water power.

Monroe Works, N. Y., Orange co. On the
Erie Railroad. 105 miles S. by W. from Albany.
Iron ore of good quality is found in the region,
which furnishes the material for large iron works
at this place.

Monson, Me., Piscataquis co. This town is wa-
tered by Piscataquis River and Wilson's Stream.
Monson comprises a fine tract of land, and is
settled by a worthy class of people. Incorporated
1822. It lies 83 miles N. by E. from Augusta,
and 20 N. W. from Dover. A stage runs be-
tween this town and Bangor three times a week.
Distance from Monson to Bangor, 60 miles; to
Moosehead Lake, 15.

Monson, Ms., Hampden co. Before its incor-
poration, in 1760, Monson was a part of the
town of Brimfield. The surface is agreeably di-
versified by hill and dale, with much good soil,
and many excellent farms. The position of its
central village, in a vale running N. and S., and
bounded on either hand by sloping hills, is beau-
tiful and romantic. A branch of the Chicopee
runs through the centre of the town. Nearly a
mile from the centre of the village is an inex-
haustible quarry of granite of a beautiful quality.
17 miles E. from Springfield, and 80 W. S. W.
from Boston.

Montague, Ms., Franklin co. This town, pre-
vious to 175-3, was the north parish in Sun-
derland, and was called
Hunting Hills. The
town contains some fine plains, and large tracts
of good meadow on Connecticut River, on the E.
side of which the town is situated. It is bounded
on the N. partly by the Connecticut, and partly
by Miller's River. Turner's Falls, at the north-
erly part of the town, are more interesting than
any in the state. The canal for passing these
falls, 3 miles in length, and 75 feet lockage, with
an immense dam across the river, greatly facil-
itates the navigation on Connecticut River.
This place has great water power and romantic
scenery; but the water power remains as yet un-
improved. The village in the centre of the town
lies 83 miles W. by N. from Boston, and 7 S. E.
from Greenfield. It is on the railroad from
Greenfield to Fitchburg.

Montague, N. J., Sussex co. Mountainous in
the S. E. portions. Soil fertile, being partly allu-
vial. 91 miles N. from Trenton.

Monterey County, Ca., c. h. at Monterey. On
the coast, S. of Monterey Bay.

Monterey, Ca., c. h. Monterey co. Situated on
the S. side of the Bay of Monterey, about 150
miles S. of San Francisco. This is an old Span-
ish town, and was for a long time the principal
one in California. The houses are built on a
broad, gentle slope of land, about 2 miles from
Point Pinos, the southern extremity of the bay.
The land rises fast behind it, the coast range ap-
proaching within 4 miles of the town. The har-
bor is equal to any in California. The climate is
fine, and the town, though not immediately con-
nected with the mining region, is growing rapidly.

Monterey, Ms., Berkshire co. Taken from the
S. part of Tyringham in 1847. A mountainous
township. 15 miles S. by E. from Lenox.

Monterey, Va., c. h. Highland co. About 30
miles N. W. from Staunton.

Montezuma, Io., c. h. Poweshiek co.

Montezuma, N. Y., Cayuga co. At the junc-
tion of the Cayuga and Seneca and Erie Canals.
It contains important salt springs, and is in the
vicinity of the Montezuma Marshes, which ex-
tend 14 miles along the outlet of Cayuga Lake,
and along Seneca River. They are from 2 to 3
miles wide, and are covered with high g.ass. The
village lies 162 miles W. by N. from Albany.

Montgomery County, Aa., c. h. at Montgomery.
Bounded N. by Coosa co., E. by Macon and
Pike, S. by Pike and Lowndes, and W. by Lown-
des and Autauga counties. Watered by Coosa
and Tallapoosa Rivers and branches.

Montgomery, Aa. City, capital of the state,
and seat of justice of Montgomery co. Situated
at the head of steamboat navigation on the Ala-
bama River. The town is built on a high bluff.
It contains the state house, the usual county
buildings, churches for 5 or 6 denominations,
stores, and other buildings, which are of hand-
some appearance. A large amount of cotton is
annually shipped from this place. It is con-
nected by steamboat navigation with the Gulf of
Mexico on the S., and, by continuous lines of

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