Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 461

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Monticdlo, Is., c. h. Piatt co. On the E. side of
Sangamon River.

Monticdlo, Ky., c. h. Wayne co. On the N.
side of Beaver Creek, a branch of Cumberland
River. 110 miles S. from Erankfort.

Monticello, Mi., c. h. Lawrence co. On the W.
side of Pearl River. 85 miles S. of Jackson.

Monticdlo, Mo., c. h. Lewis co. On the N. E
side of North Eabius River. 145 miles N. by E.
from Jefferson City.

Monticello, N. Y., c.h. Sullivan co. 110 miles
S. W. from Albany.

Monticello, S. C., c. h. E.airfield district. 31
miles N. from Columbia.

Montour County, Pa., c. h. at Danville. In the
N. angle of the state, between the E. and W.
branches of the Susquehanna. Washed on the
S. 'by the former.

Montrose, Io., Lee co. Beautifully situated on
a prairie, on the W. side of the Mississippi, oppo-
site the late Mormon city of Nauvoo, and com-
mands a fine view of the river and surrounding
country for 20 miles. Interesting remains of an-
cient mounds abound here.

Montrose, Pa., c. h. Susquehanna co. Near
the sources of Wyalusing and Mishoppen Creeks,
branches of the Susquehanna River, and 175
miles N. N. E. from Harrisburg.

Montpelier, Yt., Washington co. The capital
of the state, and shire town of the county. 206
miles N. W. by N. from Boston by railroad.
Montpelier became the seat of government in
1805, and the shire town of the county in 1811.
It is finely watered by Winooski River, and by
several branches of that stream. These streams
afford a good water power, on which are manu-
facturing establishments of various kinds. The
surface of the town is very uneven and hilly, but
not mountainous. The soil is very good along
the streams, and the highlands produce excellent
pasturage. This township was granted October
21, 1780. The
village of Montpelier is surround-
ed by hills of considerable elevation; and al-
though it is too low to command an extensive
prospect, is very pleasant, and quite romantic in
its appearance. It is located very near the cen-
tre of the state : it is a great thoroughfare from
all directions, and commands a large and valu-
able interior trade. The buildings are in good
style, and some of them are very handsome.

The state house stands on an elevated site, about
825. feet from State Street, on which it fronts, and
is alike beautiful in design and execution. The
yard and grounds pertaining to it are large and
spacious, and, in the manner they are laid out,
give great importance to the building. Through
the whole design, a chaste architectural character
is preserved, which, combined with the convenient
arrangement of the interior and the stability of
its construction, renders this edifice equal in
every respect to any in New England, and proba-
bly to any in the United States. The building is
in the form of a cross, showing in front a centre,
?2 feet wide, and two wings, each 39 feet, making
the whole length 150 feet. The centre, including
the portico, is 100 feet deep; the wings are 50
feet deep. The six columns of the portico are
6 feet in diameter at their base, and 36 feet high,
supporting an entablature of classic proportions.
The dome rises 36 feet above the ridge, making
the whole height from the ground 100 feet. The
order of architecture used is the Grecian Doric,
and is made to conform to the peculiar arrange-
ment necessary in this building. The walls, col-
umns, cornices, &c., are of dark Barre granite,
wrought in a superior manner: the dome and
roofs are covered with copper.

In the interior, the lower story contains an
entrance hall, rooms for the secretary of state,
treasurer, auditor, and numerous committee
rooms. The second or principal story contains
a vestibule, and stairways, a representatives'
hall, 57 by 67 feet, with a lobby, and galleries
for spectators ; a senate chamber, 30 by 44 feet,
with lobby and gallery; a governor's room, 24 by
20 feet, with an anteroom, and a room for his sec-
retary adjoining; a library room, 18 by 36 feet;
rooms for the several officers of the Senate and
House of Representatives, and several committee
rooms. The cost of this building, including all
expenses, was about $132,100; of which the in-
habitants of Montpelier paid $15,000.

Montville, Ct., New London co. On the W.
side of the Thames. 35 miles S. E. from Hart-
ford, and 8 N. from New London. Here is a res-
ervation of 2700 acres for the use of the Mohegan
Indians, and a few descendants of that tribe
still dwell upon it.

Montville, Me., Waldo co. A fine township on
the head branches of Sheepseot River. 26
miles E. N. E. from Augusta.

Montville, N, J., Morris co. In a deep valley,
67 miles N. by E. from Trenton. The Morris
Canal passes through this valley by two inclined

Mooers, N. Y., Clinton co. Bounded on the N.
by Canada, and is watered by Chazy and English
Rivers. The surface is hilly, being traversed by
the Chateaugay range; the soil various. 18
miles N. from Plattsburg, and 182 N. from Albany.

Moore County, N. C., c. h. at Carthage. Bound-
ed N. by Randolph and Chatham counties, E. and
S. by Cumberland and Richmond, and W. by
Montgomery co. Watered by Deep and Haw,
and the head branches of Lumber River. Soil
mostly fertile on the borders of the streams.

Moore, Pa., Northampton co. Drained by the
head branches of Hockendoque and Monoldssy
Creeks. Blue Mountain lies on its N. border, in
which is the opening called Smith's Gap. Sur-
face undulating; soil gravelly.

Moorefield,, Va., c. h. Hardy co. In a rich val-
ley on the E. bank of the S. branch of Potomac
River, at the junction of the S. fork. 178 miles
N. W. from Richmond.

Moravia, N. Y., Cayuga co. Watered by a
part of Owasco Lake, and by its inlet, a fine mill
stream. The surface is somewhat hilly; the soil
very fertile in the valleys. 16 miles S. from Au-
burn, and 160 W. from Albany.

Moreau, N. Y., Saratoga co. The Hudson
River bounds this town on the N. and E. Sur-
face chiefly level; soil various. 20 miles N.
from Ballston Spa, and 48 N. from Albany.

Morehouse Parish, La., c. h. at Bastrop. In the
N. E. angle, bordering on Arkansas.

Morehouse, N. Y., Hamilton co. Watered by a
great many lakes and ponds, which are the
sources of numerous streams. The surface is
diversified, and the soil productive, although a
large part of the town is as yet a wilderness. 20
miles W. from Lake Pleasant, and 82 N. W. from

Morehouseville, N. Y., c. h. Hamilton co. Near
the S. bank of Canada Creek. 117 miles N. W.
from Albany.

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain imac

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