Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 499

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private mansions. The meeting: house of the
First Congregational Church in Northampton is
one of the largest in the United States. It is an
imposing edifice of wood, 100 feet in length by
76 in width, so constructed that the voice of the
speaker easily fills its large dimensions. It is
ordinarily well filled with intelligent worshippers.
There is also another Congregational Church,
besides churches of the Unitarian, Episcopal, Bap-
tist and Methodist denominations.

There are many institutions of a literary and
religious character in this town, and its schools
are of the first order.

The country around Northampton is enchanting;
and those who visit Mount Holyoke, 830 feet high,
on the E. side of the river, or Mount Tom, 1214 feet
high, on the W. side, will find a wonderful variety
of landscape scenery, probably unsurpassed in
beauty by any in the New England States. The
view from the situations on Round Hill is exten-
sive and very beautiful. The college buildings
at Amherst, 7 miles to the N. E., are within the
horizon of this lovely prospect.

The ancient cemetery at Northampton is much
visited by strangers, who feel an interest to stand
by the grave of David Brainerd, the devoted mis-
sionary among the Indians, who died, October
10, 1747, at the house of the Rev. Jonathan Ed-
wards, afterwards President Edwards, but at that
time pastor of the .First Congregational Church
in this town. “ If the greatness of a character,''
as a writer justly observes, “ is to be estimated
by the object it pursues, the danger it braves,
the difficulties it encounters, and the purity and
energy of its motives, David Brainerd is one of
the greatest characters that ever appeared in the
world. Compared with this standard of great-
ness, what little things are the Alexanders, the
Ctesars, the conquerors of the whole earth ! ''

A fine stream passes through the centre of this
town, possessing a good water power, on which
are manufactories and mills of various kinds,
About 2 miles W. of the centre, on the river, a
flourishing manufacturing village has sprung up.
The manufactures of Northampton consist of
woollen and silk goods, boots, shoes, leather,
paper, brooms, chairs, iron, tin, cabinet wares,
&c. The manufacture of sewing silk and ribbons
is on a large scale.

By the Connecticut River Railroad Northamp-
ton has an easy communication with all the
principal lines of travel N., S., E., and W. The
passage in the cars from Springfield to North-
ampton offers a fine treat to the lovers of splendid
scenrey. We pass the whole distance on the
banks of the river, by the falls at South Hadley
and the great Holyoke dam, through the gorge
between Mount Holyoke and Mount Tom. The
Canal Railroad, along the course of the old
Hampshire and Hamden Canal, affords an inland
route to New Haven.

Northampton County, N. C., Jackson shire
town. Bounded N. by Virginia, E. by Gates and
Hertford counties, S. by Bertie co., S. W. by Ro-
anoke River, separating it from Halifax co., and
W. by Warren co. Watered on the N. E. by
Meherin River. Soil mostly fertile.

Northampton, N. H., Rockingham co. This
town lies on the sea-coast. It was formerly a
part of Hampton, called North Hill. Little Riv-
er rises here, and flows into the sea between Lit-
tle Boar's Head, in this town, and Great Boar's
Head, in Hampton. Winnicut River rises near
the centre, and passes N. W. into Great Bay.
47 miles S. E. by E. from Concord, by stage, and
9 S. by W. from Portsmouth by the Eastern


























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Northampton, N. J., Burlington co. Watered
by Rancocus Creek and branches of Little Egg
Harbor. Surface mostly level; soil sand and
sandy loam; sterile, except in the N. W. part.

Northampton, N. Y., Fulton co. Watered by
the Sacandaga River, which unites at this place
with the Vlaie, or Mayfield Creek. A part of the
Great Fly, or marsh,
(Vlaie, in Dutch,) lies in
the S. part of this town. It covers from 15,000 to
20,000 acres, and is frequently overflowed by the
Sacandaga and other streams. The surface is
chiefly level; soil sandy, but productive. 18
miles N. E. from Johnstown, and 53 N. W. from

Northampton County, Pa., c. h. at Easton.
Bounded N. by Monroe co., E. by the Delaware
River, separating it from New Jersey, S. by
Bucks and Lehigh, and W. by Lehigh and Car-
bon counties. Drained by the Lehigh River and
numerous small branches of the Delaware. Sur-
face mountainous and uneven, affording much
picturesque scenery; soil fertile.

Northampton County, Va., c. h. at Eastville.
Bounded N. by Accomac co., E. by the Atlantic
Ocean, and S. and W. by Chesapeake Bay. This
county comprises several islands, and is indented
by numerous small inlets. Surface varied.

North Beaver, Pa., Beaver co. Drained by
Hickory Creek. Surface undulating; soil rich,
calcareous loam.

North Bend, O.. Hamilton co. 16 miles below
Cincinnati, on the N. side of the Ohio River, at
the point where the bend in the river northward
attains its highest latitude. In the early settle-
ment of this part of the country, this place was
selected as the site of the chief city, and for a
time it had the advantage of Cincinnati. Cir-
cumstances, however, having led to the selection
of the latter as a military post, turned the scale
in its favor as the principal centre of business.

In later years, this place has been invested with
a national interest, as the residence, and the place
of sepulture, of the late president of the United
States, William Henry Harrison. The mansion
of the president stands in full view from the riv-
er, about 300 yards distant, amidst agreeable
scenery, and is a spacious two-story building,
with wings. One half of the main building is
built of logs, but covered with clapboards, and
painted, so that the whole presents a uniform and
handsome external appearancee. About a quar-
ter of a mile S. of the family mansion, on the
summit of a small, oval-shaped hill, rising about
100 feet from the plain, is the tomb of Harrison.
It is built of brick, and is without any inscrip-
tion upon its portal. The view of the river and
surrounding country, to a person standing on this
hallowed spot, is one of great serenity and beauty.

North Berwick, Me., York co. This town was
incorporated in 1831, and was taken from the E.
side of Berwick. It comprises a fine tract of
land; it is well watered, and very pleasant. It
lies 91 miles S. W. from Augusta, and 13 N. W.
from York.

Northboro1, Ms., Worcester co. Northboro' was
first settled in 1700, and, until 1766, was the N.
parish of Westboro'. This is a good farming
town, lying between the highlands of Marlboro*
on the E. and those of Shrewsbury and Boylston

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