Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 506

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this river, though coarse, is good, and produces
excellent potatoes. Other vegetables thrive well
farther inland, where they escape the cold winds
from the lake.

A small village, with a town store and post
office, will be found at the mouth of the river. In
the course of a few years, a considerably larger
town will be built here, if the mines should, as it
is hoped they will, prove productive. Water
power, suitable for saw mills, can be readily ob-
tained on this large stream, so full of rapids and
falls. The copper is found mostly in veins, run-
ning in the direction of the strata, or trends of
the rocks, and epidote is frequently found to be
the matricc of the copper, which also is found in
trap rocks of an amygdaloidal character.

Ontario County, N. Y., c. h. at Canandaigua.
Incorporated from Montgomery co., in 1789, but
has since been greatly reduced in size. It is
bounded on the N. by Monroe and Wayne, E. by
Seneca, S. by Yates and Steuben, and W. by
Livingston and Monroe counties. Surface pleas-
antly diversified; soil mostly fertile loam and
mould, yielding large quantities of fruit and grain.
Its principal waters are Seneca, Canadice, Hone-
oye, Hemlock, and Canandaigua Lakes, and their
outlet, and Flint and Mud Creeks. It contains
several sulphur springs, and at one place carbu-
retted hydrogen, or imflammable gas, is given
forth in large quantities. Iron ore, gypsum, and
marl also abound. The Erie, and Cayuga and
Seneca Canals run a short distance on the boun-
daries of this county, and the Auburn and Roches-
ter Railroad crosses it from E. to W.

Ontario, N. Y., Wayne co. Watered by sev-
eral small streams flowing into Lake Ontario,
which bounds it on the N. Surface level; soil
sandy and gravelly loam. 22 miles N. W. from
Lyons village, and 208 N. of W. from Albany.

Opelousas, La., St. Landry parish. Near the
head of Vermilion River; the seat of Franklin
College. (See
Colleges.) 217 miles W. N. W.
from New Orleans.

Oppenheim, N. Y., Fulton co. Watered by East
Canada Creek and several small streams. Sur-.
face somewhat hilly: soil various. 14 miles W.
from Johnstown, and 63 N. W. from Albany.

Orange, Ct., New Haven co. This town was
taken from New Haven and Milford in 1822.
The name was adopted in honor of William,
Prince of Orange, in commemoration of the bene-
fits received from him by the colony of Connec-
ticut; particularly for the restoration of their
charter after the usurpation and tyranny of Ed-
mund Andros. 4 miles S. AV. from New Haven.

Orange is a pleasant town, with a productive
soil. The inhabitants are principally farmers.
Savin Rock, in tbis town, is a romantic spot, and
a place of resort in the summer. There are mines
of silver and copper in the town, and asbestos is
found in abundance in serpentine rocks.

Orange County, Fa., c. h. at Melonville. On the
Atlantic shore of the peninsula.

Orange County, la., c. h. at Paoli. Bounded
N. by Lawrence, E. by Washington, S. by Craw-
ford, and W. by Dubois and Martin counties.
Drained by Lost River and Lick and Patoka
Creeks, which afford good hydraulic power. Sur-
face rough and hilly. The McAdamized road
leading from Albany to Vincennes traverses
this county.

Orange, Ms., Franklin co. 72 miles W. from
Boston, and 20 E. from Greenfield. Miller's River
affords good water power, and it has a variety of

Orange County, N. C., c. h. at Hillsboro'. It is
bounded N. by Caswell and Person counties, E.
by Granville and Wake, S. by Chatham, and W.
by Guilford co. Haw and Neuse Rivers and
branches water this county.

Orange, N. H., Grafton co. 40 miles N. W.
from Concord. In this town are found many
mineral substances. There is in the S. E. part
a small pond, in which is found paint, resem-
bling spruce yellow; in it is also found chalk,
intermixed with magnesia. In 1810. a valuable
species of ochre was discovered. The surface is
uneven, but the soil, in many parts, is productive.
Cardigan Mountain lies in the eastern part of the

Orange, N. J., Essex co. Drained by Second,
and branches of Rahway River. Surface undu-
lating or mountainous ; soil red shale. 4 miles
N. W. from Newark, and 53 N. E. from

Orange County, N. Y., Newburg and Goshen
shire towns. Originally incorporated in 1683.
It is bounded N. by Ulster co., E. by the Hudson
River, S. by Rockland co. and the state of N. J.,
and AV. by Sullivan co. and the Delaware River,
which separates it from Pennsylvania. Watered
by the Hudson, the Wallkill, the Delaware River
and its branches, and the head branches of the
Ramapo. The S. E. portions are covered by the
Highlands, and the W. by the Shawangunk
Mountains; the rest of the surface is covered
with gentle hills and broad, fertile valleys. The
soil is well adapted to grazing, and this county has
long been celebrated for its fine dairies. It is
also rich in mineral productions, the most impor-
tant of which are ilmenite and magnetic iron ore.
It is crossed by the Delaware and Hudson Canal
and New York and Erie Railroad.

Orange, N. Y., Steuben co. Watered by Mead's
Creek. Has a high and rolling surface, and a soil
suitable for grass and grain. 16 miles E. from
Bath, and 205 S. of W. from Albany.

Orange County, Vt., c. h. at Chelsea. This coun-
ty is bounded N. by Washington and Caledonia
counties, E. by Connecticut River, S. by AVindsor
co., and W. by Addison and AVashington coun-
ties. The eastern range of the Green Mountains
extends along the north-western part of the county.
The principal rivers, besides the Connecticut, are
the Ompomponoosuc, Wait's branches of the
White, and Stevens's branch of the Winooski
The lands in Orange co. are generally good for
grazing; there are some excellent tracts on the
banks of the Connecticut. Iron and lead ores,
slate and granite, are abundant.

Orange, Vt., Orange co. Knox Mountain, in
the north-easterly part of the town, is a consider-
able elevation, and affords inexhaustible quanti-
ties of granite for building stone. The timber is
chiefly hard wood, except along the streams.
The soil in some parts of the town, particularly
on the heights, is rather cold and wet; in other
parts and on the streams it is rich and productive.
The principal stream of water is Jail Branch;
it receives a considerable stream from the north,
called Cold Branch. Orange possesses a largo
and valuable water power. The first settlement
was commenced by Ensign Joseph AVilliams in
1793, on the S. line of the town. 12 miles S.
E. from Montpelier, and 12 N. from Chelsea.

Orange County, Va., c. h. at Orange Court
















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