Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 557

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ance. St. Augustine, indeed, is the oldest city in
the United States, having been settled by the
Spaniards 43 years earlier than Jamestown, in
Yirginia, by the English. The streets are gen-
erally very narrow, some not more than 10 feet
wide, and'the principal ones not more than 15 to
18 feet in width, and sometimes very crooked. The
houses are on a line with the street, and are gen-
erally two stories high, with the second story pro-
jecting over the first. The first story is usually
built of stone, covered with stucco, whilst the
second is of wood. In the eastern part is a fine
large square, opening from the sound, on three
sides of which are the Court House, a splendid
Roman Catholic Church, an Episcopal Church,
a neat Gothic edifice, and several elegant resi-
dences. In front of the harbor is a fine market
place. The city is embosomed in orange, lemon,
olive, and palm trees, which grow here in great
perfection, and which give to the place a rural
rather than a commercial appearance.

About one half of the population of St. Au-
gustine is made up of Spanish, French, and other
nations. Since the cession of Florida to the United
States, however, the foreign population is fast be-
coming Americanized. The old Spanish castle
of St. Mark, now called Fort Marion, is quite an
object of curiosity. It was built for the defence
of the harbor, and completed about a hundred
years ago. There are in it a number of Spanish
guns, mortars, and howitzers, which came into
possession of our government with the fort, one
of which bears the date of 1735.

St. Bernard Parish, La. Bounded N. W. by
Lake Borgne, N. and E. by the Gulf of Mexico,
S. by Black Bay, and W. by Plaquemine parish.
Surface level: soil, where it is sufficiently elevat-
ed for cultivation, very fertile. Productions, su-
gar and coffee.

St. Charles Parish, La. Lake Maurepas, Pass
of Manchac, and Lake Pontchartrain bound this
place on the
N., the parish of St. Bernard on the
E., and the parish of St. John Baptist on the W.
(For general features, soil, and staples, see
This parish is situated 50 miles above
New Orleans, on the Mississippi River.

St. Charles County, Mo., c. h. at St. Charles.
This county is bounded N. and N. E. by the Mis-
sissippi and Cuivre Rivers, S. E. by Missouri
River, and W. by Montgomery co. It occupies
the peninsula between the Mississippi and Mis-
souri, above their junction.

St. Charles, Mo., c. h. St. Charles co. Pleas-
antly situated on the N. bank of the Missouri, on
the first elevated land above the mouth of the
River. St. Charles College is located here.
Colleges.) 20 miles N. W. from St. Louis,
and 110 E. fromgjefferson City.

St. Clair County, Aa., c. h. St. Clairsville. Shelby
bounds it on the S., Jefferson S. W., Blunt N.
W., Cherokee lands N., and Casa River E. Its
surface is hilly and broken, and it is drained by
the Coosa and Cahaba Rivers.

St. Clair County, Is., c. h. at Cahokia. The
Mississippi River bounds it on the N. W., Madison
N., Washington E., Randolph S. E, and Monroe
S. W. The principal part of the county lies S. E.
from St. Louis, commencing opposite that town.
The Mississippi and Kaskaskia Rivers supply it
with water.

St. Clair County, Mn.; c. h. at St. Clair. Bound-
ed N. by Sanillac co., E. by Lake Huron and the
River St. Clair, S. by Lake'St. Clair and Macomb
co., and W. by Lapeer co. Drained by Pine,
Black, and Belle Rivers. Surface undulating,
soil productive.


St. Clair County, Mo., c. h. at Osceola. Bounded
N. by Henry co.,
E. by Benton and Hickory, S. by
Polk and Cedar, and W. by Bates co. Drained
by Osage River and its tributaries.

St. Clair, Pa., Alleghany co. A township
opposite Pittsburg, on the Monongahela and Ohio
Rivers, and between Chartier and Street's Creeks.

St. Clair, Pa., Bedford co. A township situated
on Dunning's Creek. 6 miles N. from Bedford.

St. Clairsville, 0., c. h. Belmont co. Finely
situated 116 miles E. from Columbus. 11 miles
W. from Wheeling.

St.Croix County,Wn., c.h. at St. Croix. Bounded
N. by Lake Superior, N. E. by Montreal River,
separating it from Michigan, E. by Crawford co.,
and S. and W. by Mississippi, St. Croix, and St.
Louis Rivers, separating it from Minnesota terri-
tory. Drained by Rum, St. Francis, and some
other rivers.

St. Francis County, As., c. h. at Mount Yernon.
Bounded N. by Jackson and Poinsett counties,
by the St. Francis River, separating it from Crit-
tenden co., S. by Phillips and Monroe counties,
and W. by the White River, separating it from
White and Pulaski counties. Drained by Cache
and Languille Rivers.

St. Francis County, Mo., c. h. at Farmington.
Bounded N. by Jefferson co., E. by St. Genevieve
and Perry, S. by Madison, and W. by Washing-
ton co. Drained by St. Francis, Big, and Estab-
lishment Rivers. Shrface hilly, containing iron
ore; soil fertile.

St. Francisville, La., c. h. West Feliciana
parish, on Bayou Sarah. 1
mile from the E. bank
of Mississippi River, and
160 miles above New
Orleans. By the bayou it communicates with
the Mississippi. Many boats stop here, and great
quantities of corn are shipped for market.

St. Genevieve County, Mo., c. h. at St. Gene-
vieve. On the Mississippi, nearly opposite
mouth of the Kaskaskia.

St. Genevieve, Mo., c. h. St. Genevieve co.
On Gabourie Creek, about 1 mile from the W.
bank of Mississippi River. 61 miles S. by
from St. Louis, and 190 E. S. E. from Jefferson
City. The creek is sometimes boatable. A fertile
prairie of 6000 acres lies below the village, which
is enclosed and occupied in common. The popu-
lation is mostly French.

St. George's, De., Newcastle co. A town on tha
N. side of St. George's Creek. 10 miles S. from
Newcastle, and 9 N. from Cantwell's Bridge.

St. George, Me., Lincoln co. On the S. W.
point of Penobscot Bay. 57 miles S. E. from

St. George, Yt., Chittenden co. The surface is
uneven, with considerable elevations. The tim-
ber is principally maple, beech, and birch. There
are no streams of consequence. A part of Shel-
burne was annexed to St. George in 1848. The
settlement was commenced here in the spring of
1784, by Joshua Isham, from Colchester, Ct. The
next year several others joined the settlement.
28 miles W. by N. from Montpelier, and 8 S. E.
from Burlington.

St. Helena Parish, La., c. h. at St. Helena.
Lakes Pontchartrain and Maurepas and Amite
River bound it on the S., Amite River and New
Feliciana W., state of Mississippi N., and Tan-
gipoo River, or Washington, and St. Tammany

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

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