Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 566

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with some 20,000 inhabitants, spacious and con-
venient buildings, though mostly of wood, in-
cluding extensive hotels and warehouses, many
of the frames of which had been shipped round
Cape Horn, and others from China. Speculation
and prosperity went on increasing till the city re-
ceived a severe check' by three successive fires, by
which a vast extent of frame and canvas build-
ings were swept away, and immense amounts of
property destroyed. These fires led, however, to
the erection of fire-proof buildings of brick. The
city has also received a great extension by the
filling up of shallow water lots by sand from the
neighboring hills, upon which many solid and
substantial buildings have been built; and though
real estate has greatly declined from its former
extravagant prices, to the ruin of many who
thought themselves worth millions, the city con-
tinues to be improved by the erection of solid and
substantial buildings. Great expenses have also
been incurred by the city corporation in the im-
provement of the streets.

Erom its local situation in reference to the
gold region, San Francisco must always re-
main the great seat of the ocean trade of Califor-
nia. Already it has extensive mercantile com-
munications with all parts of the world. It is
connected with New York by two lines of steam
packets, one by the way of Panama, making the
distance in about four weeks, a packet leaving
either city every fortnight, and carrying the mail;
the other, also a semi-monthly line, by the Lake
Nicaragua, which accomplishes the distance in
about four days' less time. The shortest passage
from San Francisco to New York has been 21 days.

Not only is the trade with the Atlantic ports of
the United States very great, but San Francisco
has an extensive commerce with Chili, from which
large supplies of flour are derived, and also with
China, whence a great influx of emigrants is flow-
ing to California.

The arrivals at San Francisco for the first six
months of 1852, ending June 30, were 68 steam-
ers, 108 ships, 101 barks, 130 brigs, 75 schoon-
ers, 40 sloops. Total, 522. Total tonnage,
201,473. The clearances were 77 steamers, 94
ships, 141 barks, 130 brigs, 229 schooners, 76
sloops. Total, 747. Total tonnage, 222,805.

The amount of duties paid is greater than at
any port pf the United States, except New York
and Boston.

The arrival of passengers at San Francisco
from July 1 to 29, 1852, was 9923 ; departures,
1140; for the first six months of the year 1852,
the arrivals were 40,000. The present population
of California is estimated at 240,000.

Official Report of Deposits of Goldfrom California.
At the various U. S. mints in 1848,    $44,177

“    “    “    “    1849,    6,147,509

K    “    “    “    1850,    36,074,062

“    “    “    “    1851,    55,938,232

Manifested shipments to U. S. ports
in December, 1851, which did not
reach the mints in 1851,    . . . . 2,910,214

Importations into Chili in
1851, by official returns
from that country, . . $2,372,000
Shipments per steamers in
1851, on freight to Eu-
rope and various coun-
tries, not including Chili,
via Panama, so far as ‘

destination was declared
on manifests, .... $3,600,000
Add estimate of shipments
by the same course and
to same quarters in 1851,
for which the destination
beyond Panama was not
declared — 50 per cent.

of above,...... 1,800,000

Known shipments by sail-
ing vessels in 1851, to
various foreign ports, . 1,000.000
Add for amount not man-
ifested, believed to be as

as...... 1,000,000

Total estimate of exporta-
tion to foreign countries

in 1851,...... 9,772,000

The early foreign trade
was very large, par-
ticularly in 1849, from
Pacific ports. Remit-
tances in this early trade
were made chiefly in
gold dust. The aggre-
gate shipment to foreign
countries for 1848, 1849,
and 1850, is therefore as-
sumed for the 3 years to
be as large as that of

1851,....... 9,772,000

Total estimate of exports to foreign
countries to December 31, 1851,
which would not reach U. States
mint............ 19,544,000


Estimated amount taken overland to
Mexico, and by passengers to Eu-
rope, East Indies, Australia, South
America, (exclusive of Chili,) man-
ufactured in California and United
States, and otherwise retained by
individuals leaving the country, and
therefore not represented in the
mint deposits, say
5 per cent, on

above,........... 6,032,909

In hands of bankers, merchants, and
traders in San Francisco, per tabu-
lar statement prepared December

31, 1851,.......... 5,000,000

In hands of bankers and traders in
other parts of California and Ore-
gon, December
31, 1851, .... 2,500,000
Estimated half month's yield at mines
not brought forward December,

1851, say,......... 2,500,000

In circulation — gold dust and Cali-
fornia private coin, estimated at $20
per individual, and population esti-
mated at
212,000,....... 4,240,000

Estimated product to December 31,

1851 ,.....-......140,931,103

Estimated product from January 1 to

June 30, 1852,....... 33,849,774

Total estimated product to June 30,

1852 ,..........$174,780,877

Sangamon County, Is., c. h. at'Springfield. On
a river of the same name, and is bounded

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