Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 597

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tula commenced. There are churches here of
the Presbyterian, Episcopal, Methodist, Lutheran,
and Roman Catholic denominations.

About the year 1833, there arose a serious boun-
dary dispute between the state of Ohio and the
territorial government of Michigan, the chief
importance of which turned upon the value, to
Ohio, in the opinion of her leading men, of this
harbor at the mouth of the Maumee, to enable
her to realize the benefit of her canals to the
Ohio and the Wabash valleys. The difficulty,
which had arisen from a discrepancy between one
of the provisions of the- ordinance of 1787 and
the terms upon which Ohio had been admitted
into the Union, was finally adjusted by Congress,
by giving to Michigan, instead of this small strip
of disputed territory, averaging about 8 miles in
width, the whole of the extensive tract lying be-
tween Lakes Michigan and Superior, now so
valuable for its rich deposits of copper and other

Tolland County, Ct., c. h. at Tolland. This
county was taken from Hartford and Wind-
ham counties in 1786. It is bounded N. by Mas-
sachusetts, E. by Windham, S. by New London,
and W. by Hartford counties.

The western part of the county lies within the
great valley of the Connecticut; it is generally
free from stone, undulating, fertile, and produc-
tive; the eastern section is within the granitic
range which extends through the state: much
of this portion of the country is covered with for-
ests ; that part which is cleared affords good
grazing. The Scantic, Willimantic, Salmon,
Hoekanum, and Hop Rivers, with their tributa-
ries, afford the county a good water power.

Tolland, Ct., c. h. Tolland co. Situated on the
nearest mail route from Hartford to Boston. 18
miles E. N. E. from Hartford. Its products are
English grain, grass, potatoes, &c. The land is
rather sterile, mountainous, and uneven. The
inhabitants are industrious and intelligent.

Tolland, Ms., Hampden co., was taken from
Granville and Sandisfield in 1810. It was for-
merly called Southfield. This township is on
elevated land adapted for grazing. It is watered
by Farmington River, the western boundary of
the town, which is here a beautiful and lively
stream. Tolland has a neat village in the centre
of the town, and another on the border of the
river, called New Boston. 22 miles W. from
Springfield, and 120 W. S. W. from Boston.

Tompkins County, N. Y., c. h. at Ithaca, was
incorporated from Cayuga and Seneca counties
in 1817. It is bounded N. by Seneca and Cayu-
ga, E. by Cortland, S. by Tioga and Chemung,
and W. by Chemung co. and Seneca Lake. Wa-
tered by Cayuga Lake and Inlet, and Six Mile
and Fall Creeks. Surface hilly but arable; soil
well adapted to grazing, and in the valleys to the
growth of grass, grain, and fruit. This county
has little mineral wealth. The Cayuga Lake and
Inlet and the Cayuga and Seneca Canal open a
water communication with the Erie Canal, and
the Ithaca and Owego Railroad also crosses this

Tompkins, N. Y., Delaware co. The Mohawk,
or W. branch of the Delaware, winds through
this town, forming the W. boundary for some
distance. Surface hilly and mountainous. 22
miles S. W. from Delhi, and 100 S. W. from

Tompkinsville, Ky., c. h. Monroe co. On a branch
of Big Barren River.
153 miles S. S. W. from

Tompkinsville, N. Y., Richmond co. Situat-
ed on Staten Island, 6 miles S. from New
York, with which it is connected by steam ferry
boats. It is pleasantly situated, overlooking the
quarantine ground, and is the site of a marine
hospital, or lazaretto, for the reception of sick
seamen arriving from foreign ports. It is open
only from the 1st of April to the 1st of Novem-
ber. This building is 177 feet long and 3 stories
high. Here are also other hospitals for patients
from the city with contagious diseases, which
have spacious buildings and ample grounds, sub-
stantially enclosed.

Tonawanda, N. Y., Erie co. Watered by Ton-
awanda Creek, and comprises Grand Island, lying
in Niagara River. Surface chiefly level, and soil
fertile. 10 miles N. from Buffalo, and 288 W.
from Albany.

Topsfield, Me., Washington co. This town-
ship was number eight in the second range N. of
the Bingham Penobscot Purchase. It was in-
corporated in the year 1838. This town lies
about 60 miles N. E. from Bangor.

Topsfield, Ms., Essex co. Before the incor-
poration of this town, in 1650, it was called by
the Indians
Sheweenemeady, and by the whites
New Meadows. This is a pleasant town, watered
by Ipswich River and its branches. The sur-
face is diversified. There are some fine tracts
of intervale in the town, and the uplands possess
a strong soil. Topsfield. was first settled about
the year 1642. 21 miles N. by E. from Boston,
and 9 N. by W. from Salem. ยป

Topsham, Me., a shire town of 'Lincoln co. On
the N. side of the Androscoggin, at the head of
navigation, opposite to Brunswick, in common
with which it enjoys from, thap river a great hy-
draulic power. A plg.ce of considerable trade,
particularly in lumber.,

Topsham, Yt., Orange co'. Topsham is on ele-
vated ground, with a rocky, strong soil, adapted
to grazing. It contains much granite, and is
watered by the upper branches of Wait's River,
which propel a number of mills. The settlement
was commenced about the tear 1781. The first
settlers were mostly from New Hampshire. 19
S. E. from Montpelier, and 15 N. E. from

Torrington, Ct., Litchfield co. This town was
first settled in 1737. Its surface is diversified by
hills and valleys, and the soil is better adapted
to grazing than the culture of grain. Two
branches of Naugatuck River meet at Wolcott-
ville, a beautiful village in the S. part of the town.
This village is situated in a valley, and near it a
good bed of copper ore has recently been discov-
ered; and Mr. Israel Coe, the proprietor, has
commenced the manufacture of brass kettles,
the first establishment of the kind, it is believed,
in the United States. 26 miles W. N. W. from

Wolcottville owes its rise, principally, to Oliver
Wolcott, secretary of the United States treas-
ury during the administrations of Washington
and John Adams, and governor of Connecticut
10 successive years. He was born at Litchfield,
and died in New York, 1833, aged 74.

Toulon, Is., e. h. Stark co.

Towamensing, Pa., Montgomery co. Drained
by Shippack and Towamensing Creeks. Surface
level; soil red shale. 9 miles from Norristown.

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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