Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 599

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S. W. by Tennessee River. Cumberland River
winds obliquely through this county to the
N. W.
The surface is mostly low and flat.

Trimble County, Ky., c. h. at Bedford. Bounded
W. and N. by the Ohio River, separating it from
Indiana, E. by Carroll and Henry counties, and
S. by Oldham co. Drained by the Little Ken-
tucky and other branches of the Ohio River.

Trinity County, Ca. On the N. coast.

Troupsburg, N. Y., Steuben co. Watered by
Cowanesque Creek. Surface undulating; soil
clay and gravelly loam, well suited to grass. 25
miles S. W. from Bath, and 247 from Albany.

Troy, Aa., c. h. Pike co. 174 miles S. E. from

Troy, la., c. h. Perry co. Above the mouth of
Anderson's Creek, on the Ohio River. 50 miles
above the mouth of Green River and 168 S. S.
W. from Indianapolis.

Troy, Me., Waldo co. Formerly called Joy.
A fertile inland township. 39 miles N. E. from

Troy, Mo., c. li. Lincoln co. On the S. W. side
of Cuivre River. 129 miles E. N. E. from Jeffer-
*on City.

Troy, N. II., Cheshire co. The inhabitants are
rincipally agriculturists. The soil and pro-
uctions are similar to those of Fitzwilliam. It
possesses but few water privileges. This town
was taken from Marlboro' and Fitzwilliam. 54
miles S. W. from Concord, and 12 S. E. from

Troy, N. Y. City, port of entry, and seat of
justice of Rensselaer co. Situated on the E.
bank of Hudson River, 6 miles N. from Albany,
and 150 N. from New York. Population in 1810,
3895; in 1820, 5264; in 1830, 11,405; in 1840,
19,334; in 1850,28,785. The city is built on a
somewhat elevated plain, extending from the
river back to a range of hills terminating ab-
ruptly about 1 mile E., and furnishing from
their brows, elevated from 300 to 400 feet, a com-
manding and beautiful view of the city and sur-
rounding country. Mount Ida, directly in the
rear of the broadest part of the city, and Mount
Olympus, towards the northern part, are the emi-
nences most distinguished for the fine prospects
which they afford. Two streams, the Wynants-
kill and Poestenkill, affording an extensive -water
power, empty into the Hudson, within the limits
of the city; the latter rolling down, through a
narrow and picturesque ravine, S. of Mount Ida,
with successive short rapids and beautiful cas-
cades, and forming an object of interest well
worthy of a visit from the curious traveller. The
Wynantskill has a wider valley, through which a
road passes, ascending to the upper level of the

The compact portion of the city is built N. of
the Poestenkill, and extends along the Hudson
for a distance of about 3 miles. The river, having
a curve here, has given that form, for a consider-
able distance, to the great business street imme-
diately on its bank. With this exception, the
streets are laid out straight, intersecting each
other, for the most part, at right angles. In con-
sequence of this curve in River Street, several of
the most important streets, which are parallel to
the general course of the river, fall into it at their
termination towards the central part of the city.
This feature of the place, combining with its
prevailing regularity, unites the greatest sim-
plicity and beauty of arrangement with the most
entire facilities for business purposes. A rail-
road track is laid through the centre of River
Street, upon which the cars from all the railroads
coming into Troy are taken by horses through
the city, passing in front of the principal hotels,
and leaving their passengers where they may
severally desire — a desideratum, in this mode of
travelling, which obviates almost the only incon-
venience to which it is ordinarily subject, that of
taking carriages for conveyance to and from the

There are numerous hotels in Troy, several of
which are of the first class. Among these are
the Mansion House and the Troy House, both
equally well situated in respect to the conven-
ience above mentioned. The great seat of busi-
ness is River Street, which extends the whole
length of the city, and is built up on both sides,
with many splendid and spacious stores and ware-
houses. The streets running back from the river
are handsomely built and quiet; and most of
them are adorned with beautiful shade trees,
giving an air of neatness, elegance, and comfort
to the city, which make it one of the most attrac-
tive places to sojourn or reside in of any in the
country. Many of the public squares and private
gardens are ornamented with fountains, perma-
nently supplied from the public reservoir on the
neighboring hills, which also sends an abundance
of excellent water in pipes to all the streets and
dwellings. The elevation of this reservoir is 75
feet above the city, giving a sufficient head to
carry the water into tlfc uppermost stories of the
buildings, and, in case of fire, to throw it upon and
over them, from the numerous hydrants at the
corners of the streets, with the force of the most
powerful engines.

Of the public buildings in Troy, the court
house is one of the most splendid. It is con-
structed of the Sing Sing marble, after a Grecian
model. One of the Presbyterian churches, too,
is a costly and beautiful edifice, in the same style
of architecture. St. Paul's Episcopal Church is a
noble specimen of the Gothic style, erected at an
expense of about $50,000. There are in Troy from
16 to 20 churches, of the various denominations.
The Presbyterians have 4, the Episcopalians 3.
and the Methodists and Baptists 2 or more
each. Besides these there are churches of the
Scotch Presbyterians, Friends, and Roman Cath-

The Troy Female Seminary, established in
this place through the exertions of Mrs. Emma
Willard, holds a preeminent rank among insti-
tutions of this kind in our country. The school
was commenced by Mrs. Willard in 1814, at
Middlebury, Yt. In 1819, having received incor-
poration from the legislature of New York, it
was removed to Waterford. In 1821 it was
again removed to Troy, the corporation of this
city having voted $4000 towards the erection of
suitable buildings for its accommodation. These
buildings are beautifully situated in the central
part of the city, with a finely-ornamented ground
in front. This school has educated at least 5000
pupils. Since 1837 it has received from the state
a share of the benefit of the literature fund, by
which its library, apparatus, &c., are replenished
from time to time, and made more and more

The Rensselaer Institute, founded by the late
Stephen Van Rensselaer, of Albany, for the
thorough practical education of young men for

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