Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 600

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the profession of civil engineering, is also located
at Troy.

While the natural facilities enjoyed by this
city for commercial prosperity are good, they are
such, at the same time, as must have required that
spirit of enterprise and thrift for which its inhab-
itants have ever been distinguished, to render
them fully available. In this they have been
eminently successful. Being at the head of sloop
and steamboat navigation on the noble Hudson,
they have extensively availed themselves of this
advantage, in connection with that of several
artificial channels of communication to this point.
The Champlain and Hudson Canal, which opens
an extensive trade with the N., and the Erie
Canal, which reaches the opposite side of the
Hudson from the W., have each contributed
essentially to the prosperity of Troy. Railroads
also centre here which connect the city with
Boston, via the great Western Railroad, on the E.,
with New York on the S., with the ports of Lake
Erie, via Schenectady, Utica, Rochester, &c., on
the W., and with Canada and Vermont, via
Lake Champlain, on the N. The latter crosses
the Hudson a little above the centre of the city,
on a substantial bridge 1650 feet in length. Other
very important projects of internal improvement
are now in an encouraging course of consumma-
tion. One of these is the construction of a rail-
road from Troy to connect with the Boston and
Eitchburg Railroad at Greenfield on Connecticut
River, thus forming a new and most direct and
eligible route to Boston- I'he chief obstacle to the
complete success of this enterprise — the excava-
tion of a tunnel through the Hoosic Mountain —
seems likely now to yield to the energy and per-
severance of the capitalists engaged in its accom-
plishment. However flourishing, therefore, this
beautiful city has been in the past, its future pros-
pects are still more flattering. It will be seen that
Troy, although a little N. of Boston, is, with
that city, almost in the direct line of intercom-
munication between Buffalo, Detroit, Chicago,
and other principal depots of the produce of the
west, and the greatest marts of our commerce in
Europe. When the enterprising spirit of the
citizens of Boston and Troy shall have succeeded
in the great undertaking of tunnelling the Hoosic
Mountain, thereby bringing the two cities within
170'miles of each other, and upon a grade which
will defy competition, between the eastern ter-
minus of the Erie Canal and the waters of Bos-
ton Harbor, no one can doubt that Troy must
become one of the greatest inland cities of our

There are also immense facilities for manufac-
turing purposes, which have been or may yet be
developed within and around this city. Consid-
erable is already done with the power afforded
by the Poestenkill and Wynantskill. The state
dam, which has been thrown across the Hudson,
just above the city, renders the waters of that
river extensively available for manufacturing
operations. Indeed, if we extend our view to
the privileges upon the Mohawk, from the Cohoes
Ealls to its mouth, it may be said that the hy-
draulic power available for manufacturing pur-
poses within a circuit of 5 miles around the city
of Troy, is more than sufficient to turn every
spindle now in operation in the United States.

In 1720 a grant of'490 acres extending along
the Hudson between the Poestenkill and Meadow
Creek, and including the ground on which Troy

was afterwards laid out, was made by the propri-
etor of Rensselaerwyck to Derick Van Derhey
den, at the rent of
3 bushels and 3 pecks of
wheat, and
4 fat fowls annually. Portions of this
land were occupied by him and his descendants
for a farm, and the village which sprang up here
was afterwards known by the name of
Van Der-
This village was incorporated by the
name of Troy in
1796. But the principal settlers
of Troy were emigrants from New England,
who, seeing the advantages of its position, both
in an agricultural and commercial point of view,
induced the proprietors to lay it out into town
lots, and turned their attention, with all their
characteristic enterprise, to the means of its en-
largement and prosperity. Under these good
auspices Troy has grown to its present flourish-
ing condition.

Troy, O., c. h. Miami co. On the W. bank of
the Great Miami River. 68 miles W. by N. from
Columbus, and 21 N. from Dayton. The Miami
Canal passes through it.

Troy, Te., c. h. Obion co. 147 miles N. W.
by W. from Murfreesboro'.

Troy, Vt., Orleans co. This town is well wa-
tered by Missisco River and several of its trib-
utaries. The falls on the Missisco, in the N.
part, are a considerable curiosity. Here the
river precipitates itself down a ledge of rocks
70 feet. The soil is in general a strong
loam, suitable for grass and most kinds of grain;
the surface is generally level, and along the river
are tracts of intervale. Iron ore of an excellent
quality is found here, and also some minerals.
The settlement was commenced about the year
1800, by emigrants from different towns on the
Connecticut River. 10 miles N. from Irasburg,
47 N. from Montpelier.

Trumbull, Ct., Fairfield co. This territory was .
formerly called North Stratford, and was taken
from Stratford in
1798. It is watered by the
Pequannock, which empties into Bridgeport Har-
bor. The surface is varied by hills and valleys;
the soil is a gravelly loam, productive of good
crops of grain and hay. Tamtashua Hill, in the
N. part of the town, is the first land seen in this
direction from the ocean.
5 miles N. from

Trumbull County, O., c. h. at Warren. Ashta-
bula co. is on the N., the state of Pennsylvania
on the E., Columbiana on the S., and Portage
and Geauga counties on the W. The land is
valuable for farming, and is watered by the Ma-
honing River and Canal, and Musketoe Creek.

Truro, Ms., Barnstable co. Truro lies on both
sides of Cape Cod, between Wellfleet and Prov-
incetown. It was the
Pamet of the Indians.
Pamet River, which sets up from Cape Cod Bay,
about the centre of the town, affords a good har-
bor for fishermen. There is in this town, near
the lighthouse, a vast body of clay, called the
“ Clay Pounds.'' There are also in the town a
number of beautiful ponds, and 200 acres of peat
land. Pamet village, at the head of the river of
that name, is very pleasant and flourishing, is a
fine location, and easy of access for all those who
wish to enjoy sea air, bathing, and marine sce-
nery, in their greatest perfection, on
terra Jirma,
Another neat settlement, called Pond village,
lies about
3 miles N. from Pamet. 37 miles be-
low Barnstable, 102 from Boston by land, and
60 by water.

Truxton, N. Y., Cortland co. The Tioughnio*

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