Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 631

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trade in the basin of the Delaware River. The
Christiana admits vessels drawing 14 feet of
water to the city ; and those drawing 8 feet can
come up the Brandywine. Considerable shipping
is owned here, and the whale fishery is carried on
to some extent from this port.

But Wilmington is more distinguished for its
various kinds of manufactures than for its mari-
time commerce. The falls of the Brandywine, in
the immediate neighborhood, afford a valuable
water power, which is rendered available to a
great extent for the operations of machinery ; ap-
plied to flouring mills, paper mills, saw mills, cot-
ton, woollen, and various other manufactories.
The flouring mills at Wilmington are among the
largest in the United States. The making of
gunpowder has been carried on here extensively
for many years. Within 10 miles of this place,
there is a large number of important manufac-
tories, rendering it one of the largest manufac-
turing districts in the United States south of

Wilmington, Ms., Middlesex co. At the time
of its incorporation, in 1730, this town was a part
of Woburn and Reading. The surface is gener-
ally level, w'ith a light and sandy soil, well adapt-
ed for the growth of hops. The wood is chiefly
pine, and much charcoal is made. The town is
watered by a branch of Ipswich River, and the
Middlesex Canal passes through it. The Boston
and Lowell and Boston and Maine Railroads
pass through this town. 15 miles N. W. from
Boston, and 11 S. E. from Lowell.

Wilmington, N. Y., Essex co. Watered by the
Saranac and the W. branch of the Au Sable
River. Surface mountainous ; soil fertile in some
of the valleys. In this vicinity are immense beds
of excellent iron ore. 28 miles N. W. from Eliz-
abeth, and 148 N. from Albany.

Wilmington, N. C., port of entry and seat of
justice of New Hanover co. 90 miles S. E. from
Fayetteville, and 148 S. S. E. from Raleigh. It
is on the E. side of Cape Fear River, about 35
miles from the sea. The harbor has a dangerous
shoal at its entrance, but will admit vessels of
200 tons. There are two islands enclosed by dif-
ferent channels of the river, opposite the town,
which afford some of the finest rice fields in the
state. Wilmington is well situated for trade,
though not accounted healthy in its location. It
is at the terminus of the great series of southern
railroads extending from New York, and branch-
ing in various directions from the main route.

Wilmington, Ya., Fluvanna co. A village. 60
miles N. W. by W. from Richmond.

Wilmington, O., c. h. Clinton co. On Todd's
Fork, a branch of Little Miami River. 72 miles
S. W. from Columbus.

Wilmington, Yt., Windham co. The E. and
W. branches of Deerfield River unite in this
town, which, With the waters of Beaver and Cold
Brooks, and of Ray's Pond, a large and beauti-
ful sheet of water, a valuable mill power is pro-
duced. There are some fine tracts of land in the
town, and a considerable portion that is rough
and hard to till. The village is pleasant and
thriving. Wilmington was settled before the
revolutionary war, but increased but slowly until
the peace. 17 miles E. from Bennington, and
14 S. W. from Newfane.

Wilmot, N. II., Merrimac co. The streams
forming Blackwater River have their origin in
the vicinity of Wilmot. They afford a good
number of mill sites. The town is composed of
hills and valleys. There are no largo collections
of water, nor any mountains, excepting Kear-
sarge, whose summit forms the southern boundary.
It received its name from De Wilmot, an Eng-
lishman. In 1775 this town was granted to
Joseph Minot, Matthew Thornton, and others.
30 miles N. W. from Concord.

























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Wilmurt, N. Y., Herkimer co. This large
town contains numerous lakes and ponds, send-
ing forth streams in every direction. The land
is mostly productive in summer crops, and well
suited to grazing. 35 miles N. from Herkimer,
and 100 N. W. from Albany.

Wilna, N. Y., Jefferson co. Watered by In-
dian and Black Rivers. Surface chiefly level;
soil sandy and clay loam. 15 miles E. from Wa-
tertown, and 151
N. W. from Albany.

Wilson, Me. This town was incorporated in
1836, as “ township number 9 in the 9th range,
N. of the Waldo Patent in the county of Som-

Wilson, N. Y., Niagara co. Watered by How-
ell's and Tuscarora Creeks, flowing into Lake
Ontario, which bounds it on the
N. Surface
chiefly level; soil gravelly and sandy loam and
clay. 10 miles N. W. from Lockport, and 294
N. of W. from Albany.

Wilson County, Te., c. h. at Lebanon. Sumner
co., or Cumberland River, bounds the N. W. part.
Smith is on the E., Warren S. E., Rutherford S.
W., and Davidson W.

Wilton, Ct., Fairfield co. Wilton was taken
from the N. part of Norwalk, in 1802. The sur-
face of the town is broken by two ridges of hills,
but the soil is a gravelly loam, and productive of
grain and a great variety of fruit. Agriculture
is the principal business of the inhabitants. The
town is watered by Norwalk River.

A classical school, of high reputation, was es-
tablished here in 1818, by Hawley Olmstead,
Esq. This school is worth a million of the sil-
ver mines that were discovered and worked in
this town during the revolution.

Wilton, Me., Franklin co. This is one of the
most flourishing agricultural townships in the
state. It has a fertile soil, a beautiful surface,
and two pleasant villages. It lies a little dis-
tance from Sandy River.

Wilton has an adequate water power for com-
mon purposes, produced by streams issuing from
beautiful ponds in the town. The people are
principally agriculturists. 38 miles W. N. W.
from Augusta.

Wilton, N. II., Hillsboro' co. Souhegan is the
principal river, which, with its branches, produces
a valuable water power. This town has neither
mountains, ponds, nor swamps. It is, in general,
of strong and excellent soil. Good clay is found
in plenty near the streams. There are several
quarries of excellent stone for splitting and hew-
ing. The town derived its name from Wilton,
an ancient borough in Wiltshire, England. First
settlers, three families from Danvers, Ms.; two by
the name of Putnam, and one by the name of Dale.
Settled in 1738.    9    miles W. by S. from Am-

herst, and 40 S. by W. from Concord. A rail-
road passes through hqpg.

Wilton, N. Y., Saratoga co. Watered by a
branch of the Hudson River. Surface slightly
uneven on the E., and hilly on the W. 12 miles
N. from Ballston Spa village, and 42 miles from

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